PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Cucumbers in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Cucumbers, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Cucumbers, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Cucumbers by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Cucumbers

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Cucumbers
Vegetables and Melons
AG
10010
10010

PUR planted acreage estimated for this crop is significantly higher than CDFA estimates. It is not clear why.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Cucumbers in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 39,780 0.50 14,027 77,733
Uses:
Mancozeb (211)
Dithiocarbamate-ETU, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 12,988 1.92 3,807 6,775
Uses: Fungicide
Chlorothalonil (677)
Substituted Benzene Yes 8,818 1.50 4,178 5,863
Uses: Fungicide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 2,736 6.59 426.2 415.5
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 1,779 0.95 1,911 1,869
Uses: Herbicide
Propamocarb hydrochloride (4022)
Other Carbamate Not Listed 1,685 0.57 2,832 2,954
Uses: Fungicide
Bensulide (70)
Organophosphorus Yes 1,032 4.50 1,686 229.4
Uses: Herbicide
Thiamethoxam (5598)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 738.3 0.04 422.0 746.4
Uses: Insecticide
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 652.5 3.14 401.4 207.1
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Ethalfluralin (2166)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 537.2 1.60 589.1 335.1
Uses: Herbicide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 526.2 3.62 435.1 145.3
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Bifenthrin (2300)
Pyrethroid Yes 345.4 0.10 3,499 3,525
Uses: Insecticide
Ethephon (1626)
Organophosphorus Yes 345.3 0.16 704.8 2,113
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Cymoxanil (4002)
Unclassified Not Listed 343.9 0.14 2,382 2,526
Uses: Fungicide
Famoxadone (5878)
Dicarboximide Not Listed 343.9 0.14 2,382 2,526
Uses: Fungicide
Trifluralin (597)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 333.5 0.67 559.1 495.3
Uses: Herbicide
Thiram (589)
Dithiocarbamate Yes 331.5 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 320.4 0.13 2,923 2,488
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 314.5 1.00 368.0 313.0
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Acetamiprid (5762)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 311.3 0.15 2,690 2,056
Uses: Insecticide
Methyl silicone resins (3689)
Silicone Not Listed 267.2 0.05 1,717 4,993
Uses: Adjuvant
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 246.3 3.89 218.8 63.2
Uses: Fungicide
Zoxamide (5769)
Not Listed 240.0 0.17 1,409 1,446
Uses: Fungicide
Cyazofamid (5930)
Azole Not Listed 231.9 0.07 4,348 3,297
Uses: Fungicide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 205.6 1.04 142.0 197.0
Uses: Herbicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 189.6 1.26 153.2 150.1
Uses: Herbicide
Mineral oil, refined (3846, 2601, 2106, 2768, 1641)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 189.0 1.10 270.0 172.3
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 185.8 0.17 1,082 1,075
Uses: Adjuvant
Mono- and di- potassium salts of phosphorous acid (5766)
Inorganic Not Listed 169.3 1.95 939.0 87.0
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 167.5 24.7 77.9 6.78
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Neem oil (3979, 6065)
Botanical Not Listed 166.1 5.92 138.0 28.0
Note! Data for Neem oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
DCPA (179)
Alkyl Phthalate Yes 166.0 4.15 35.0 40.0
Uses: Herbicide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 138.8 0.39 520.1 360.0
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 127.3 0.05 3,717 2,483
Uses: Adjuvant, Insecticide
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 127.2 1.37 61.7 93.0
Uses: Insecticide
Azoxystrobin (4037)
Strobin Not Listed 116.6 0.08 1,067 1,456
Uses: Fungicide
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 110.5 0.16 602.8 709.0
Uses: Fungicide
Clethodim (3566)
Cyclohexenone derivative Not Listed 107.8 0.13 1,364 820.8
Uses: Herbicide
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 104.1 0.06 756.8 1,752
Uses: Adjuvant
Fluopicolide (5949)
Not Listed 101.5 0.12 771.9 836.4
Uses: Fungicide
Methomyl (383)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 98.3 0.66 476.0 149.5
Uses: Insecticide, Breakdown product
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 95.5 0.30 235.2 317.4
Uses: Insecticide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 67.5 0.32 417.5 210.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Reynoutria sachalinensis (5823)
Microbial Not Listed 67.4 0.11 431.3 611.4
Uses: Fungicide, Plant Growth Regulator
Bifenazate (5657)
Unclassified Not Listed 62.6 0.48 292.6 130.4
Uses: Insecticide
Triflumizole (2260)
Azole Not Listed 60.7 0.20 246.1 298.0
Uses: Fungicide
Hydrogen peroxide (1794)
Peroxide, Inorganic Yes 58.1 2.30 16.0 24.4
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Rodenticide
3-(3-hydroxypropyl)-heptamethyl trisiloxane, ethoxylated, acetate (2610)
Silicone Not Listed 57.1 0.06 927.2 1,024
Uses: Adjuvant
QST 713 strain of dried Bacillus subtilis (5447)
Microbial Not Listed 55.7 0.17 318.1 321.5
Uses: Fungicide
Boscalid (5790)
Anilide Not Listed 53.8 0.25 224.0 215.5
Uses: Fungicide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Cucumbers in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
39,780 0.50 14,027 77,733 3,335
Colusa (06)
12,587 0.55 1,476 23,074 691
Yolo (57)
10,746 0.54 2,705 20,046 467
Sutter (51)
4,426 0.46 831.5 9,628 338
San Joaquin (39)
2,734 0.51 1,120 5,328 108
Glenn (11)
2,101 0.53 434.9 3,943 99
Ventura (56)
1,523 0.18 764.0 3,874 407
Monterey (27)
995.3 0.47 4,729 1,589 341
Santa Barbara (42)
920.4 0.71 166.0 1,288 155
Imperial (13)
819.1 1.03 125.0 780.5 29
Tulare (54)
714.7 0.26 60.0 2,710 63
Santa Cruz (44)
489.5 3.58 123.5 136.7 62
Butte (04)
413.2 0.28 593.8 1,451 69
Solano (48)
373.7 0.41 151.2 920.6 64
San Diego (37)
196.9 0.94 16.0 209.1 156
Santa Clara (43)
172.5 0.22 135.5 787.3 53
Fresno (10)
167.8 0.19 103.2 903.2 16
Orange (30)
132.5 1.28 127.2 103.8 27
Yuba (58)
98.9 0.49 8.00 200.0 23
Sacramento (34)
79.0 0.13 202.1 587.1 37
Riverside (33)
44.7 0.54 4.00 83.2 56
Los Angeles (19)
23.0 1.00 3.00 23.0 26
San Benito (35)
16.6 0.47 139.0 35.3 21
Stanislaus (50)
4.92 0.16 2.00 30.0 16
Humboldt (12)
0.60 1.67 8.00 0.36 6
Amador (03)
0.14 - - - 4
San Bernardino (36)
0.10 1.00 0.10 0.10 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.