PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Tomatoes in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Tomatoes, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Tomatoes, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Tomatoes by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Tomatoes

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Tomatoes, Fresh
Vegetables and Melons
AG
11005
11005

There are two types of tomatoes reported in the PUR data: Fresh tomatoes and processing tomatoes. Due to inconsistencies in how these are reported and possibly errors in the original data as well, reported tomato acreage is highly variable. Combining the

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Tomatoes in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 1,772,700 1.91 41,756 920,102
Uses:
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 1,040,640 20.9 25,116 49,881
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Metam potassium (970)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 212,641 128.3 2,209 1,658
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide, Nematicide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 99,135 26.8 3,148 3,705
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 65,251 112.6 1,019 579.5
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Chloropicrin (136)
Inorganic Yes 50,039 109.2 432.5 458.4
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Chlorothalonil (677)
Substituted Benzene Yes 35,489 1.55 15,251 22,898
Uses: Fungicide
Metam-sodium (616)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 33,267 231.7 637.1 143.6
Uses: Fumigant, Herbicide, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide
Mancozeb (211)
Dithiocarbamate-ETU, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 19,084 1.28 10,815 14,943
Uses: Fungicide
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 17,876 1.50 6,830 11,873
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 16,586 1.62 9,035 10,219
Uses: Herbicide
Metolachlor, (S) (5133)
Chloroacetanilide Yes 13,906 1.31 11,333 10,614
Uses: Herbicide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 13,578 0.65 11,919 20,758
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Calcium hypochlorite (326)
Inorganic Not Listed 12,155 - - -
Uses: Algaecide, Water Treatment
Trifluralin (597)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 7,959 0.68 12,422 11,769
Uses: Herbicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 7,484 1.52 8,061 4,939
Uses: Herbicide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 6,276 0.18 21,926 34,590
Uses: Insecticide
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 6,012 1.48 3,661 4,073
Uses: Insecticide
Potash soap (1596, 1409)
Soap Not Listed 5,671 6.53 226.5 857.7
Note! Data for Potash soap summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Insecticide, Adjuvant
Carbaryl (105)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 5,587 0.66 9,645 8,435
Uses: Insecticide, Plant Growth Regulator, Nematicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 5,247 0.12 17,000 43,405
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap or Surfactant
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 4,861 0.20 16,504 24,622
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 4,256 2.23 566.7 1,907
Uses: Fungicide
Methomyl (383)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 3,748 0.67 3,665 5,556
Uses: Insecticide, Breakdown product
Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene block copolymer (2816, 1698)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 3,319 0.18 3,378 18,029
Note! Data for Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene block copolymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 2,849 0.73 4,461 3,905
Uses: Herbicide
Mono- and di- potassium salts of phosphorous acid (5766)
Inorganic Not Listed 2,717 3.25 686.3 835.2
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 2,697 0.35 7,706 7,781
Uses: Herbicide
Dimethoate (216)
Organophosphorus Yes 2,679 0.46 4,454 5,809
Uses: Insecticide
Copper oxide (ous) (175)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 2,659 1.68 771.6 1,584
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Sodium hypochlorite (539)
Inorganic Not Listed 2,489 - - -
Uses: Microbiocide, Water Treatment, Nematicide
Hydrogen peroxide (1794)
Peroxide Not Listed 2,199 0.58 2,797 3,691
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Rodenticide
Bacillus thuringiensis, Subsp. Aizawai, Strain ABTS-1857 (5879)
Microbial Not Listed 2,116 1.03 1,226 2,046
Uses: Insecticide
Diethylene glycol (2334)
Glycol Not Listed 1,940 0.11 9,536 18,008
Uses: Adjuvant, Solvent
Penthiopyrad (6020)
Amide, Pyrazole Not Listed 1,873 0.26 5,252 7,136
Uses: Fungicide
Ethephon (1626)
Organophosphorus Yes 1,710 0.74 2,178 2,303
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Azoxystrobin (4037)
Strobin Not Listed 1,646 0.10 14,692 16,730
Uses: Fungicide
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Kurstaki, strain SA-11 (3862)
Microbial Not Listed 1,570 0.86 2,166 1,829
Uses: Insecticide
Dinotefuran (5822)
Neonicotinoid, Guanidine Not Listed 1,557 0.20 8,522 7,702
Uses: Insecticide
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 1,485 0.16 8,456 9,245
Uses: Fungicide
Chenopodium ambrosioides var. ambrosioides (5973)
Microbial Not Listed 1,480 2.33 96.5 635.2
Uses:
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 1,468 0.33 3,850 4,460
Uses: Adjuvant
Beauveria bassiana strain GHA (3993)
Microbial Not Listed 1,453 0.24 227.5 6,169
Uses: Insecticide
Spinetoram (XDE-175-J) (5946)
Spinosyn Not Listed 1,395 0.05 13,772 27,292
Uses: Insecticide
Flupyradifurone (6098)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 1,335 0.17 6,106 7,976
Uses: Insecticide
Vegetable oil (1231)
Oil - vegetable Not Listed 1,329 1.31 447.1 1,014
Uses: Insecticide
Diazinon (198)
Organophosphorus Yes 1,319 2.20 710.4 598.4
Uses: Insecticide
Petroleum distillates, aromatic (1814)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 1,308 0.55 2,196 2,379
Uses: Solvent, Herbicide, Insecticide
Metolachlor (1996)
Chloroacetanilide Yes 1,267 1.55 840.5 817.7
Uses: Herbicide
Mefenoxam (4011)
Xylylalanine Not Listed 1,264 0.14 7,896 8,881
Uses: Fungicide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Tomatoes in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
1,772,700 1.91 41,756 920,102 16,562
Fresno (10)
508,958 2.02 6,688 245,378 3,037
Merced (24)
291,887 1.71 6,876 169,008 2,363
Kern (15)
224,843 2.12 5,514 105,947 992
Madera (20)
141,282 2.35 3,070 60,064 571
Santa Clara (43)
117,841 3.21 1,175 36,736 833
San Diego (37)
100,585 1.64 883.0 61,384 824
San Joaquin (39)
88,062 1.31 5,830 67,010 1,366
Yolo (57)
64,491 2.90 2,175 22,263 333
Contra Costa (07)
43,341 3.07 736.0 14,133 236
Ventura (56)
33,874 1.24 595.9 27,243 2,455
Riverside (33)
21,877 3.96 308.0 5,530 144
Kings (16)
20,640 1.91 281.0 10,810 67
Stanislaus (50)
18,505 0.84 1,348 21,938 298
Butte (04)
18,292 3.15 1,087 5,814 50
Sutter (51)
16,724 2.02 640.0 8,286 135
Monterey (27)
15,950 7.11 576.0 2,243 186
San Benito (35)
15,347 0.90 1,028 17,073 510
Colusa (06)
9,063 1.37 832.0 6,631 92
Santa Barbara (42)
7,352 0.34 422.0 21,675 1,236
San Luis Obispo (40)
4,860 4.04 904.2 1,203 234
Sacramento (34)
3,873 0.90 307.0 4,286 90
Glenn (11)
2,772 0.93 150.0 2,971 37
Santa Cruz (44)
1,179 0.98 41.0 139.6 164
Solano (48)
483.8 0.50 166.0 976.3 47
Imperial (13)
460.7 0.40 20.0 1,075 72
Orange (30)
71.5 3.18 11.9 22.5 41
San Bernardino (36)
30.0 0.23 18.5 130.8 71
Tulare (54)
25.1 0.51 31.0 49.0 8
Los Angeles (19)
10.6 0.28 14.0 38.2 21
Napa (28)
8.99 0.37 3.00 24.0 6
Nevada (29)
5.25 - 1.50 - 4
Placer (31)
4.41 0.29 3.00 15.0 6
San Mateo (41)
0.73 - - - 28
Sonoma (49)
0.61 0.15 20.0 4.10 2
Shasta (45)
0.37 0.49 0.25 0.75 3
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.