PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Kale in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Kale, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Kale, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Kale by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Kale

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Kale
Vegetables and Melons
AG
13011
13011

Accuracy of acres planted data not evaluated for this crop.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Kale in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 128,947 0.82 200,995 157,664
Uses:
Potash soap (1596, 1409)
Soap Not Listed 30,336 9.15 3,096 3,315
Note! Data for Potash soap summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Insecticide, Adjuvant
Metam potassium (970)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 21,542 125.3 1,058 171.9
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide, Nematicide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 12,124 3.91 12,527 3,100
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Neem oil (3979, 6065)
Botanical Not Listed 10,029 1.58 10,671 6,323
Note! Data for Neem oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 8,028 41.3 343.0 194.2
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Mono- and di- potassium salts of phosphorous acid (5766)
Inorganic Not Listed 6,926 2.58 26,845 2,681
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Bensulide (70)
Organophosphorus Yes 5,466 4.00 35,638 1,367
Uses: Herbicide
DCPA (179)
Alkyl Phthalate Yes 4,875 6.04 33,059 806.6
Uses: Herbicide
Bacillus thuringiensis, Subsp. Aizawai, Strain ABTS-1857 (5879)
Microbial Not Listed 3,407 0.93 5,095 3,682
Uses: Insecticide
Fosetyl-Al (2210)
Unclassified Not Listed 2,261 2.32 22,032 975.8
Uses: Fungicide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 1,202 0.39 17,457 3,089
Uses: Fungicide
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 1,039 0.96 1,562 1,085
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus subtilis var. amyloliquefaciens strain D747 (6082)
Microbial Not Listed 1,026 1.85 2,286 553.2
Uses: Fungicide, Plant Growth Regulator
Potassium silicate (2826)
Inorganic Not Listed 1,021 2.10 682.5 486.9
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 972.0 0.27 26,495 3,662
Uses: Adjuvant
Copper octanoate (5225)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 949.5 1.15 2,268 827.0
Uses: Fungicide
Emulsifiable methylated vegetable oil (5224)
Not Listed 899.2 0.47 17,467 1,932
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 776.8 1.29 17,983 600.8
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 763.0 0.15 30,031 4,944
Uses: Adjuvant
Burkholderia sp strain A396 cells and spent fermentation media (6064)
Microbial Not Listed 745.5 13.8 1,238 54.0
Uses: Fungicide
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 675.7 0.99 8,201 685.5
Uses: Insecticide
Spinosad (mixture of Factors A and D) (3983)
Spinosyn, Macrocyclic Lactone Not Listed 634.6 0.10 44,297 6,074
Uses: Insecticide
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 600.0 0.31 4,637 1,955
Uses: Adjuvant
Paecilomyces fumosoroseus Apopka strain 97 (3964)
Microbial Not Listed 533.2 0.38 1,292 1,403
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Kurstaki, strain SA-11 (3862)
Microbial Not Listed 532.4 0.23 2,128 2,323
Uses: Insecticide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 479.7 0.14 14,756 3,379
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap or Surfactant
Trifluralin (597)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 416.0 1.50 370.7 277.6
Uses: Herbicide
Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1 cells and spent fermentation media (6024)
Microbial Not Listed 415.5 0.81 1,248 514.1
Uses: Insecticide
Methomyl (383)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 411.7 0.77 14,937 535.4
Uses: Insecticide, Breakdown product
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 410.1 0.15 45,431 2,722
Uses: Insecticide
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 406.7 2.02 943.1 201.2
Uses: Fungicide
Mandipropamide (5961)
Not Listed 392.6 0.13 58,822 3,019
Uses: Fungicide
Fenamidone (5791)
Imidazole Not Listed 369.2 0.26 35,951 1,439
Uses: Fungicide
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 344.3 0.11 20,896 3,113
Uses: Adjuvant
Bacillus pumilus strain QST 2808 (5770)
Microbial Not Listed 325.9 0.11 8,396 2,842
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Ethoxylated linear alcohols (1766)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 301.9 0.38 940.0 786.3
Uses: Adjuvant
Flupyradifurone (6098)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 280.0 0.15 31,342 1,845
Uses: Insecticide
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 259.4 0.19 16,045 1,368
Uses: Fungicide
Naled (418)
Organophosphorus Yes 256.9 0.86 885.5 297.6
Uses: Insecticide
Azoxystrobin (4037)
Strobin Not Listed 250.9 0.23 5,087 1,098
Uses: Fungicide
Spirotetramat (5955)
Keto-enol Not Listed 250.6 0.08 46,936 3,272
Uses: Insecticide
Spinetoram (XDE-175-J) (5946)
Spinosyn Not Listed 240.2 0.05 74,710 4,567
Uses: Insecticide
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 219.6 0.21 3,297 1,066
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Azadirachtin (2328)
Botanical Not Listed 216.6 0.03 17,439 8,583
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Cypermethrin, zeta (3866)
Pyrethroid Yes 199.9 0.05 71,729 4,117
Uses: Insecticide
Ametoctradin (6025)
Triazolopyrimidine Not Listed 199.1 0.27 7,791 736.3
Uses: Fungicide
Dimethomorph (4003)
Morpholine Not Listed 186.9 0.20 8,571 932.5
Uses: Fungicide
Triflumizole (2260)
Azole Not Listed 182.1 0.22 14,213 839.5
Uses: Fungicide
Pyrethrins (510)
Botanical Yes 181.7 0.04 19,997 4,209
Uses: Insecticide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Kale in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
128,947 0.82 200,995 157,664 21,597
Ventura (56)
50,435 1.18 4,078 42,662 4,449
Stanislaus (50)
25,267 2.93 1,124 8,618 5,368
Monterey (27)
17,882 0.51 179,406 35,387 4,297
Imperial (13)
13,254 0.40 4,336 33,331 1,752
Kern (15)
6,059 0.61 2,532 9,857 462
San Benito (35)
4,760 0.69 1,397 6,895 1,458
Santa Barbara (42)
4,566 0.38 5,819 12,022 2,083
Santa Cruz (44)
2,755 12.2 516.2 225.8 47
San Luis Obispo (40)
1,704 0.60 737.0 2,830 512
Riverside (33)
775.7 0.34 263.1 2,291 113
Santa Clara (43)
653.0 0.95 335.6 688.2 366
Fresno (10)
579.5 0.32 205.5 1,806 51
Colusa (06)
92.0 0.27 67.6 343.5 19
San Joaquin (39)
60.8 0.37 42.0 162.7 273
Glenn (11)
32.5 0.15 43.0 213.0 6
Sonoma (49)
19.5 - 0.25 - 221
Merced (24)
15.3 0.06 34.0 246.0 10
Placer (31)
15.2 0.84 1.50 18.0 11
San Diego (37)
12.5 0.42 6.50 24.3 41
San Mateo (41)
3.76 - - - 49
Butte (04)
3.39 0.08 46.0 43.0 1
Orange (30)
2.26 2.83 4.00 0.80 8
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.