PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Kale in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Kale, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Kale, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Kale by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Kale

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Kale
Vegetables and Melons
AG
13011
13011

Accuracy of acres planted data not evaluated for this crop.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Kale in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 59,036 1.21 40,097 48,693
Uses:
Metam potassium (970)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 19,960 120.1 1,029 166.2
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide, Nematicide
Potash soap (1596)
Soap Not Listed 17,858 10.1 1,782 1,770
Uses: Herbicide, Insecticide, Adjuvant
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 4,209 3.52 2,583 1,196
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 3,250 24.2 366.9 134.3
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Neem oil (3979, 6065)
Botanical Not Listed 2,432 1.42 2,030 1,710
Note! Data for Neem oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
DCPA (179)
Alkyl Phthalate Yes 1,983 4.26 2,991 466.1
Uses: Herbicide
Bacillus thuringiensis, Subsp. Aizawai, Strain ABTS-1857 (5879)
Microbial Not Listed 966.7 0.81 2,006 1,188
Uses: Insecticide
Bensulide (70)
Organophosphorus Yes 767.2 4.32 3,957 177.4
Uses: Herbicide
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 755.5 1.16 5,374 653.0
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Kurstaki, strain SA-11 (3862)
Microbial Not Listed 608.1 0.23 2,674 2,606
Uses: Insecticide
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 542.9 1.49 1,113 365.1
Uses: Insecticide
Fosetyl-Al (2210)
Unclassified Yes 470.4 3.10 8,032 151.7
Uses: Fungicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 420.0 0.20 3,402 2,122
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
Ethoxylated linear alcohols (1766)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 377.1 0.37 650.0 1,020
Uses: Adjuvant
Copper octanoate (5225)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 330.2 0.89 3,812 371.1
Uses: Fungicide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 257.2 0.30 5,589 864.8
Uses: Fungicide
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 210.0 0.78 1,100 270.3
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 189.9 0.13 7,590 1,430
Uses: Adjuvant, Insecticide
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 186.2 1.89 203.3 98.7
Uses: Fungicide
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 153.4 0.18 6,375 866.9
Uses: Fungicide
Fatty acids derived from tallow (5204)
Fatty acid Not Listed 150.8 0.15 650.0 1,020
Uses: Adjuvant
Propionic acid (505)
Animal derived Yes 134.0 0.16 5,664 840.3
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Preservative
Potassium silicate (2826)
Inorganic Not Listed 130.5 3.04 31.7 42.9
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Mono- and di- potassium salts of phosphorous acid (5766)
Inorganic Not Listed 115.0 3.68 919.0 31.2
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Spinosad (mixture of Factors A and D) (3983)
Spinosyn, Macrocyclic Lactone Not Listed 109.8 0.09 9,119 1,199
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus pumilus strain QST 2808 (5770)
Microbial Not Listed 101.7 0.11 1,667 933.5
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Mandipropamide (5961)
Not Listed 99.7 0.13 12,230 763.1
Uses: Fungicide
Hydrogen peroxide (1794)
Peroxide, Inorganic Yes 97.6 1.29 2,289 75.7
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Rodenticide
Methomyl (383)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 96.0 0.86 739.8 111.6
Uses: Insecticide, Breakdown product
Reynoutria sachalinensis (5823)
Microbial Not Listed 92.7 0.27 6,354 341.0
Uses: Fungicide, Plant Growth Regulator
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 88.5 0.24 5,605 362.6
Uses: Adjuvant
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 86.7 0.24 3,849 364.2
Uses: Adjuvant
Chenopodium ambrosioides var. ambrosioides (5973)
Microbial Not Listed 80.6 0.40 1,018 200.6
Uses:
Paecilomyces fumosoroseus Apopka strain 97 (3964)
Microbial Not Listed 80.3 0.20 260.3 408.7
Uses: Insecticide
Alpha-pinene polymer (3996)
Polymer Not Listed 75.2 0.19 422.0 392.7
Uses: Insecticide
Pyrethrins (510)
Botanical Yes 74.5 0.05 2,842 1,577
Uses: Insecticide
Azadirachtin (2328)
Botanical Not Listed 71.5 0.03 3,716 2,766
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Triflumizole (2260)
Azole Not Listed 59.9 0.20 571.7 306.9
Uses: Fungicide
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 57.2 0.74 137.7 77.0
Uses: Insecticide
Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1 cells and spent fermentation media (6024)
Microbial Not Listed 56.2 0.81 426.0 69.1
Uses: Insecticide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 52.8 0.07 12,149 786.6
Uses: Insecticide
Naled (418)
Organophosphorus Yes 52.1 1.05 431.0 49.7
Uses: Insecticide
Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene block copolymer (2816, 1698)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 49.5 0.07 970.7 722.9
Note! Data for Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene block copolymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Mefenoxam (4011)
Xylylalanine Yes 47.9 0.12 10,289 384.4
Uses: Fungicide
Cypermethrin, zeta (3866)
Pyrethroid Yes 46.9 0.04 12,637 1,300
Uses: Insecticide
QST 713 strain of dried Bacillus subtilis (5447)
Microbial Not Listed 45.5 0.28 1,052 161.0
Uses: Fungicide
Chlorantraniliprole (5964)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 44.5 0.06 7,676 789.6
Uses: Insecticide
Citric acid (142)
Botanical Yes 41.2 0.12 4,648 340.4
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Pymetrozine (5232)
Triazine Yes 40.0 0.05 6,618 848.2
Uses: Insecticide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Kale in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
59,036 1.21 40,097 48,693 8,514
Ventura (56)
30,074 1.31 2,453 22,971 2,990
Stanislaus (50)
21,167 4.83 1,109 4,381 2,757
Monterey (27)
2,142 0.28 32,367 7,704 1,074
Kern (15)
1,646 0.48 684.0 3,403 213
San Benito (35)
1,177 0.78 704.7 1,506 488
Imperial (13)
771.4 0.21 477.9 3,644 273
Santa Clara (43)
751.1 1.34 16.3 558.5 141
Santa Barbara (42)
643.8 0.51 1,691 1,268 260
Fresno (10)
259.3 3.26 40.0 79.7 4
San Luis Obispo (40)
243.9 0.10 356.5 2,324 118
Riverside (33)
73.2 0.13 122.5 582.4 48
Yolo (57)
48.0 0.22 5.00 215.0 23
Santa Cruz (44)
17.8 4.06 42.0 4.40 5
Glenn (11)
15.2 0.42 26.0 36.0 4
Sonoma (49)
3.54 0.34 0.20 8.50 86
Orange (30)
1.89 2.36 1.00 0.80 4
San Diego (37)
0.32 0.06 0.25 5.50 11
San Mateo (41)
0.32 - 0.50 - 13
Placer (31)
0.05 0.02 - 1.00 2
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.