PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Endive in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Endive, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Endive, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Endive by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Endive

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Endive
Vegetables and Melons
AG
13015
13015

Accuracy of acres planted data not evaluated for this crop.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Endive in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 10,678 0.67 105,342 15,908
Uses:
Metam potassium (970)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 5,398 117.0 939.3 46.2
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide, Nematicide
Bensulide (70)
Organophosphorus Yes 1,995 4.08 17,261 488.4
Uses: Herbicide
Propyzamide (694)
Amide Yes 1,046 1.14 58,332 920.6
Uses: Herbicide
Neem oil (3979, 6065)
Botanical Not Listed 298.3 2.21 798.0 135.1
Note! Data for Neem oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
DCPA (179)
Alkyl Phthalate Yes 191.5 3.00 247.0 63.9
Uses: Herbicide
Permethrin (2008)
Pyrethroid Yes 191.2 0.16 44,388 1,160
Uses: Insecticide
Emulsifiable methylated vegetable oil (5224)
Not Listed 135.6 0.30 49,821 449.4
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Methomyl (383)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 129.8 0.63 18,277 206.5
Uses: Insecticide, Breakdown product
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 108.1 0.10 59,256 1,073
Uses: Insecticide
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 94.4 0.23 966.7 412.4
Uses: Adjuvant
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 82.7 1.13 80.6 73.4
Uses: Insecticide
Hydrogen peroxide (1794)
Peroxide, Inorganic Yes 76.0 1.58 237.0 48.3
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Rodenticide
Cyprodinil (4000)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 54.8 0.33 236.0 167.0
Uses: Fungicide
Dimethoate (216)
Organophosphorus Yes 54.2 0.25 20,293 216.9
Uses: Insecticide
Trifluralin (597)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 50.2 0.58 86.0 86.0
Uses: Herbicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 42.1 0.31 1,200 137.6
Uses: Adjuvant
Mono- and di- potassium salts of phosphorous acid (5766)
Inorganic Not Listed 41.3 2.25 137.7 18.4
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Spinetoram (XDE-175-J) (5946)
Spinosyn Not Listed 40.9 0.05 32,447 790.9
Uses: Insecticide
Fludioxonil (5027)
Unclassified Not Listed 36.5 0.22 236.0 167.0
Uses: Fungicide
Poly (methylene para nonylphenoxy) - poly (oxypropylene) propanol (1788)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 32.0 0.08 677.3 412.4
Uses: Adjuvant
Methyl silicone resins (3689)
Silicone Not Listed 27.0 0.06 46,776 442.8
Uses: Adjuvant
Mandipropamide (5961)
Not Listed 26.5 0.13 6,043 207.2
Uses: Fungicide
Cypermethrin, zeta (3866)
Pyrethroid Yes 25.6 0.05 28,990 542.4
Uses: Insecticide
Poly oxyethylated tallow amine (2807, 6097)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 25.3 0.06 680.3 415.4
Note! Data for Poly oxyethylated tallow amine summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Spinosad (mixture of Factors A and D) (3983)
Spinosyn, Macrocyclic Lactone Not Listed 24.0 0.11 5,983 218.1
Uses: Insecticide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 23.5 2.26 227.0 10.4
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 21.4 0.05 50,146 473.9
Uses: Adjuvant
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Aizawai, GC-91 protein (3843)
Microbial Not Listed 20.6 1.00 1,149 20.6
Uses: Insecticide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 20.0 1.00 50.0 20.0
Uses: Herbicide
Polybutenes (1040)
Polymer Not Listed 16.9 0.04 666.7 412.4
Uses: Rodenticide
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 16.0 0.59 627.6 27.1
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 15.0 0.14 2,950 105.4
Uses: Adjuvant
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 14.9 0.03 49,971 450.4
Uses: Adjuvant
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 13.7 0.18 1,259 76.8
Uses: Fungicide
QST 713 strain of dried Bacillus subtilis (5447)
Microbial Not Listed 13.3 0.11 4,335 117.0
Uses: Fungicide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 13.1 0.41 76.5 31.5
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Fenamidone (5791)
Imidazole Not Listed 12.7 0.24 1,293 53.5
Uses: Fungicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 12.2 0.04 11,156 327.2
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
Phosphoric acid (871)
Inorganic Not Listed 12.1 0.02 50,188 526.6
Uses: Fungicide, pH Adjustment, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Chlorantraniliprole (5964)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 11.6 0.06 4,301 202.5
Uses: Insecticide
Acetamiprid (5762)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 11.3 0.07 28,808 152.9
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus pumilus strain QST 2808 (5770)
Microbial Not Listed 10.9 0.07 4,505 162.8
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Flonicamid (5886)
Unclassified Not Listed 10.6 0.08 6,086 135.5
Uses: Insecticide
Chenopodium ambrosioides var. ambrosioides (5973)
Microbial Not Listed 9.99 0.38 566.0 26.6
Uses:
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 8.88 0.26 34.0 34.0
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Thiamethoxam (5598)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 7.70 0.08 9,879 100.0
Uses: Insecticide
Cyfluthrin (2223, 3956)
Pyrethroid Not Listed 7.60 0.02 466.9 372.5
Note! Data for Cyfluthrin summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus subtilis var. amyloliquefaciens strain D747 (6082)
Microbial Not Listed 7.50 0.75 48.0 10.0
Uses: Fungicide, Plant Growth Regulator
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 7.45 0.07 8,449 114.1
Uses: Fungicide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Endive in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
10,678 0.67 105,342 15,908 4,988
Stanislaus (50)
5,572 7.94 959.3 701.8 1,287
Imperial (13)
1,706 0.37 630.7 4,579 348
Monterey (27)
1,603 0.20 101,533 7,974 2,751
Ventura (56)
472.1 1.13 520.4 418.8 107
San Luis Obispo (40)
403.7 0.52 450.0 775.5 222
San Benito (35)
326.2 0.72 89.5 455.1 138
Santa Barbara (42)
216.8 0.78 1,000 278.5 78
Riverside (33)
212.2 1.18 85.0 180.0 40
Merced (24)
161.2 0.32 86.0 508.0 8
Fresno (10)
5.23 0.15 3.00 36.0 9
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.