PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Endive in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Endive, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Endive, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Endive by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Endive

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Endive
Vegetables and Melons
AG
13015
13015

Accuracy of acres planted data not evaluated for this crop.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Endive in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 9,595 0.51 103,189 18,704
Uses:
Metam potassium (970)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 4,663 125.6 1,058 37.1
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide, Nematicide
Bensulide (70)
Organophosphorus Yes 1,399 4.03 27,956 346.8
Uses: Herbicide
Propyzamide (694)
Amide Yes 637.3 1.07 49,124 595.5
Uses: Herbicide
Mono- and di- potassium salts of phosphorous acid (5766)
Inorganic Not Listed 547.9 2.30 1,662 237.9
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Emulsifiable methylated vegetable oil (5224)
Not Listed 211.0 0.43 24,541 494.0
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 161.6 1.22 11,833 132.5
Uses: Insecticide
Fosetyl-Al (2210)
Unclassified Not Listed 159.7 3.99 20.0 40.0
Uses: Fungicide
Neem oil (3979, 6065)
Botanical Not Listed 150.1 1.83 126.5 82.0
Note! Data for Neem oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
Permethrin (2008)
Pyrethroid Yes 117.4 0.16 49,215 723.4
Uses: Insecticide
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 116.7 0.20 1,561 592.7
Uses: Adjuvant
Methomyl (383)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 102.8 0.62 12,679 166.2
Uses: Insecticide, Breakdown product
3-(3-hydroxypropyl)-heptamethyl trisiloxane, ethoxylated, acetate (2610)
Silicone Not Listed 85.8 0.20 3,914 425.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Cyprodinil (4000)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 72.4 0.28 980.8 254.3
Uses: Fungicide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 70.4 0.09 57,665 751.4
Uses: Insecticide
Fludioxonil (5027)
Pyrrole Not Listed 58.5 0.19 1,121 303.7
Uses: Fungicide
Spinetoram (XDE-175-J) (5946)
Spinosyn Not Listed 48.8 0.05 39,575 889.7
Uses: Insecticide
QST 713 strain of dried Bacillus subtilis (5447)
Microbial Not Listed 47.1 0.20 6,842 231.7
Uses: Fungicide
Spirotetramat (5955)
Keto-enol Not Listed 40.9 0.07 43,791 564.0
Uses: Insecticide
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 37.7 0.14 1,179 204.3
Uses: Fungicide
Poly (methylene para nonylphenoxy) - poly (oxypropylene) propanol (1788)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 34.2 0.06 503.0 563.7
Uses: Adjuvant
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 31.8 0.06 26,081 547.1
Uses: Adjuvant
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 30.0 0.05 25,963 551.8
Uses: Adjuvant
Alpha-alkyl (C10-C16)-omega-hydroxypoly(oxyethylene) (5821)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 28.9 0.16 9,090 183.1
Uses: Adjuvant
Dimethoate (216)
Organophosphorus Yes 28.4 0.25 14,670 115.1
Uses: Insecticide
Spinosad (mixture of Factors A and D) (3983)
Spinosyn, Macrocyclic Lactone Not Listed 28.3 0.14 9,450 208.0
Uses: Insecticide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 27.3 0.20 10,446 138.4
Uses: Fungicide
Poly oxyethylated tallow amine (2807, 6097, 2233)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 27.0 0.05 503.0 563.7
Note! Data for Poly oxyethylated tallow amine summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Bacillus thuringiensis, Subsp. Aizawai, Strain ABTS-1857 (5879)
Microbial Not Listed 26.7 1.03 533.7 25.9
Uses: Insecticide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 24.7 0.20 6,061 124.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Allyl oxy poly ethylene glycol monoallyl acetate (2376)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 23.9 0.07 105.0 360.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Cypermethrin, zeta (3866)
Pyrethroid Yes 22.2 0.05 11,935 493.5
Uses: Insecticide
Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1 cells and spent fermentation media (6024)
Microbial Not Listed 21.6 0.80 1,980 26.8
Uses: Insecticide
Flonicamid (5886)
Unclassified Not Listed 21.1 0.08 10,382 251.2
Uses: Insecticide
Fluxapyroxad (6033)
Anilide, Pyrazole Not Listed 21.0 0.13 105.0 160.0
Uses: Fungicide
Flupyradifurone (6098)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 19.2 0.15 10,822 124.4
Uses: Insecticide
Boscalid (5790)
Anilide Not Listed 19.2 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Polyether modified polysiloxane (5223)
Silicone Not Listed 18.2 0.03 33,216 549.6
Uses: Adjuvant
Polybutenes (1040)
Polymer Not Listed 18.0 0.03 503.0 563.7
Uses: Rodenticide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 17.4 1.26 119.0 13.8
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Cyantraniliprole (6072)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 17.1 0.12 12,618 146.6
Uses: Insecticide
Dimethyl silicone fluid emulsion (2028)
Silicone Not Listed 16.7 0.02 35,878 1,018
Uses: Adjuvant
Propionic acid (505)
Carboxylic acid or salt Not Listed 16.5 0.19 10,080 86.3
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Preservative
Thiamethoxam (5598)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 16.5 0.07 14,194 247.6
Uses: Insecticide
Mandipropamide (5961)
Not Listed 16.5 0.13 1,994 128.7
Uses: Fungicide
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 14.4 0.55 6,768 26.3
Uses: Insecticide
Pyrethrins (510)
Botanical Yes 13.8 0.04 10,113 312.4
Uses: Insecticide
Reynoutria sacchalinensis (5823)
Microbial Not Listed 13.4 0.13 3,710 101.4
Uses: Fungicide, Plant Growth Regulator
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 13.0 0.21 813.3 63.4
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Phosphoric acid (871)
Inorganic Not Listed 12.6 0.03 24,541 494.0
Uses: Fungicide, pH Adjustment, Herbicide, Microbiocide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Endive in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
9,595 0.51 103,189 18,704 5,121
Stanislaus (50)
5,151 5.21 1,058 988.8 1,108
Monterey (27)
1,952 0.22 99,346 8,776 3,036
Imperial (13)
1,232 0.24 683.7 5,047 589
Santa Barbara (42)
325.6 0.34 924.0 948.5 106
Merced (24)
234.9 0.12 105.0 1,905 16
San Benito (35)
206.5 2.01 134.5 102.6 46
Riverside (33)
149.7 1.04 239.5 144.0 44
Lassen (18)
127.1 0.39 93.5 329.3 6
Ventura (56)
71.9 0.44 493.0 162.6 92
Santa Cruz (44)
55.9 0.89 12.0 62.5 21
Solano (48)
28.9 - - - 2
San Luis Obispo (40)
24.2 0.34 69.0 71.7 33
Fresno (10)
18.1 0.22 5.60 83.2 21
Siskiyou (47)
17.7 0.21 42.5 82.5 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.