PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Artichokes in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Artichokes, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Artichokes, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Artichokes by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Artichokes

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Artichokes
Vegetables and Melons
AG
13018
13018

Acres planted estimated by PUR data for artichokes appear to be fairly accurate. High acreage in 1991 is probably incorrect due to errors in the original data. PUR estimates of 1996 acres planted may also be higher than actual values.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Artichokes in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 93,967 0.23 100,077 412,160
Uses:
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 13,238 0.33 67,758 39,626
Uses: Adjuvant
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 12,334 4.58 7,326 2,693
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Metaldehyde (379)
Aldehyde Not Listed 7,948 1.28 9,978 6,204
Uses: Molluscicide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 5,076 1.31 13,196 3,877
Uses: Herbicide
Methidathion (1689)
Organophosphorus Yes 4,830 1.00 44,250 4,850
Uses: Insecticide
Poly (methylene para nonylphenoxy) - poly (oxypropylene) propanol (1788)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 4,592 0.11 67,786 40,738
Uses: Adjuvant
Kerosene (2071)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Not Listed 4,285 0.33 59,628 13,183
Uses: Insecticide, Solvent
Diflubenzuron (1992)
Benzoylurea Not Listed 3,703 0.20 57,443 18,987
Uses: Insecticide, Insect Growth Regulator
Poly oxyethylated tallow amine (2807, 6097)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 3,630 0.09 67,958 41,061
Note! Data for Poly oxyethylated tallow amine summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Neem oil (3979, 6065)
Botanical Not Listed 2,992 5.18 873.4 577.6
Note! Data for Neem oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 2,807 0.55 26,218 5,128
Uses: Herbicide
Permethrin (2008)
Pyrethroid Yes 2,717 0.30 54,393 9,112
Uses: Insecticide
EDTA, iron chelate (5950, 6011)
Inorganic Not Listed 2,576 0.77 4,041 3,345
Note! Data for EDTA, iron chelate summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide
Polybutenes (1040)
Polymer Not Listed 2,364 0.06 68,778 39,626
Uses: Rodenticide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 1,805 0.40 28,641 4,540
Uses: Adjuvant
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 1,708 0.89 13,614 1,910
Uses: Herbicide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 1,545 0.79 9,052 1,947
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Alkyl (C8,C10) polyglycoside (4015)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 1,495 0.84 7,782 1,776
Uses: Adjuvant
Esfenvalerate (2321)
Pyrethroid Not Listed 1,357 0.05 70,281 28,624
Uses: Insecticide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 1,128 0.21 9,669 5,466
Uses: Fungicide
Propionic acid (505)
Animal derived Yes 1,050 0.21 4,156 4,994
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Preservative
Diuron (231)
Urea Yes 1,026 0.50 12,792 2,062
Uses: Herbicide
Myclobutanil (2245)
Azole Yes 844.8 0.10 42,784 8,445
Uses: Fungicide
Spinetoram (XDE-175-J) (5946)
Spinosyn Not Listed 821.6 0.06 62,728 13,843
Uses: Insecticide
Bifenthrin (2300)
Pyrethroid Yes 807.2 0.10 63,868 8,073
Uses: Insecticide
Ammonium nitrate (3052)
Inorganic Not Listed 711.8 0.41 7,623 1,720
Uses: Rodenticide, Microbiocide
Chlorantraniliprole (5964)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 607.2 0.07 44,585 9,014
Uses: Insecticide
Azoxystrobin (4037)
Strobin Not Listed 510.8 0.23 8,482 2,199
Uses: Fungicide
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 506.9 0.33 6,726 1,528
Uses: Adjuvant
Aluminum phosphide (484)
Inorganic Yes 438.7 0.05 8,365 9,380
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 405.4 0.07 5,301 5,460
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
Propyzamide (694)
Amide Yes 395.0 0.85 3,735 466.5
Uses: Herbicide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 322.6 0.12 8,825 2,771
Uses: Insecticide
Fatty acids, methyl esters (389)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 298.1 0.27 434.7 1,112
Uses: Adjuvant
Thiamethoxam (5598)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 283.5 0.05 49,876 6,017
Uses: Insecticide
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 179.3 0.57 195.6 314.5
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Trimethyl nonanol-ethylene oxide complex (1196)
Not Listed 156.3 0.15 2,473 1,050
Uses:
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 154.5 0.04 10,911 4,168
Uses: Adjuvant, Insecticide
Benzoic acid (1329)
Benzoic acid Not Listed 144.6 0.01 60,441 13,183
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 140.7 0.14 2,269 975.0
Uses: Insecticide
Soybean fatty acids, dimethylamine salt (1882)
Soap Not Listed 121.7 0.01 45,992 8,719
Uses: Adjuvant
Silicone-polyether copolymer (3520, 3841)
Silicone, Polymer, Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 114.8 0.08 2,402 1,377
Note! Data for Silicone-polyether copolymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Bacillus thuringiensis, Subsp. Aizawai, Strain ABTS-1857 (5879)
Microbial Not Listed 114.8 0.69 360.0 165.6
Uses: Insecticide
Alpha-pinene polymer (3996)
Polymer Not Listed 106.0 0.33 295.1 322.7
Uses: Insecticide
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 95.0 0.25 342.1 383.7
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Reynoutria sachalinensis (5823)
Microbial Not Listed 86.3 0.12 2,816 711.4
Uses: Fungicide, Plant Growth Regulator
Mono- and di- potassium salts of phosphorous acid (5766)
Inorganic Not Listed 74.1 3.13 119.4 23.7
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Quinoxyfen (5787)
Quinoline Not Listed 73.6 0.08 3,305 873.8
Uses: Fungicide
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Aizawai, GC-91 protein (3843)
Microbial Not Listed 72.5 0.63 836.5 115.0
Uses: Insecticide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Artichokes in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
93,967 0.23 100,077 412,160 13,195
Monterey (27)
73,790 0.20 87,726 363,397 10,835
Santa Barbara (42)
12,280 0.56 10,318 21,838 1,142
Ventura (56)
4,321 0.32 764.2 13,507 234
San Benito (35)
925.0 0.47 127.9 1,950 327
Santa Cruz (44)
905.4 0.31 133.5 2,893 155
Riverside (33)
886.0 0.17 644.8 5,190 219
San Luis Obispo (40)
416.7 0.27 66.0 1,545 132
Imperial (13)
209.3 0.25 106.5 838.5 34
Santa Clara (43)
85.4 0.34 68.0 254.5 41
Humboldt (12)
77.4 0.28 30.0 275.0 36
San Mateo (41)
48.1 0.12 72.0 404.0 31
Solano (48)
19.3 1.29 - 15.0 1
Merced (24)
3.15 0.09 11.5 35.8 5
Madera (20)
0.42 0.02 9.50 17.0 3
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.