PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Spinach in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Spinach, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Spinach, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Spinach by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Spinach

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Spinach
Vegetables and Melons
AG
13024
13024

PUR estimates of acres planted for spinach are highly variable due to errors in the original data, double counting and the planting of more than one crop per year in a single field. For crops with a growing season that spans two calendar years, "acres

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Spinach in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 362,857 0.72 867,870 498,592
Uses:
Metam potassium (970)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 94,963 202.1 9,805 469.9
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide, Nematicide
Mono- and di- potassium salts of phosphorous acid (5766)
Inorganic Not Listed 65,955 2.67 145,957 24,715
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Chloropicrin (136)
Inorganic Yes 42,312 186.9 2,019 226.4
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 32,817 145.0 2,019 226.4
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Cycloate (516)
Thiocarbamate Yes 31,526 1.93 393,993 16,346
Uses: Herbicide
Mefenoxam (4011)
Xylylalanine Yes 11,839 0.57 461,060 20,552
Uses: Fungicide
Fosetyl-Al (2210)
Unclassified Yes 9,837 2.42 94,311 4,057
Uses: Fungicide
Permethrin (2008)
Pyrethroid Yes 7,984 0.16 524,956 50,364
Uses: Insecticide
Metam-sodium (616)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 7,937 317.5 62.0 25.0
Uses: Fumigant, Herbicide, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide
Diazinon (198)
Organophosphorus Yes 7,860 1.85 145,217 4,241
Uses: Insecticide
Methomyl (383)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 6,556 0.54 150,255 12,081
Uses: Insecticide, Breakdown product
Mandipropamide (5961)
Not Listed 5,248 0.13 423,387 40,653
Uses: Fungicide
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Kurstaki, strain SA-11 (3862)
Microbial Not Listed 3,328 1.23 15,239 2,696
Uses: Insecticide
Fenamidone (5791)
Imidazole Not Listed 2,914 0.25 229,269 11,520
Uses: Fungicide
Spinetoram (XDE-175-J) (5946)
Spinosyn Not Listed 2,002 0.05 404,018 40,708
Uses: Insecticide
Spinosad (mixture of Factors A and D) (3983)
Spinosyn, Macrocyclic Lactone Not Listed 1,805 0.10 160,070 18,253
Uses: Insecticide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 1,709 0.57 42,051 3,009
Uses: Adjuvant
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 1,704 0.07 438,674 23,013
Uses: Insecticide
Hydrogen peroxide (1794)
Peroxide, Inorganic Yes 1,373 0.55 5,734 2,517
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Rodenticide
Thiram (589)
Dithiocarbamate Yes 1,358 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Neem oil (3979, 6065)
Botanical Not Listed 1,295 0.60 16,097 2,152
Note! Data for Neem oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
Fluopicolide (5949)
Not Listed 980.5 0.12 205,978 8,150
Uses: Fungicide
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 926.1 0.16 4,220 5,917
Uses: Adjuvant
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 893.3 0.97 11,181 923.8
Uses: Insecticide
Metolachlor, (S) (5133)
Chloroacetanilide Yes 846.4 0.65 5,290 1,298
Uses: Herbicide
Cymoxanil (4002)
Unclassified Not Listed 839.2 0.17 22,847 4,816
Uses: Fungicide
Gliocladium virens GL-21 (spores) (3854)
Microbial Not Listed 830.8 0.53 16,915 1,573
Uses: Fungicide
Acibenzolar-S-methyl (5338)
Unclassified Not Listed 822.5 0.02 511,465 34,296
Uses: Fungicide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 807.5 23.8 256.0 34.0
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Reynoutria sachalinensis (5823)
Microbial Not Listed 802.3 0.20 36,637 4,102
Uses: Fungicide, Plant Growth Regulator
Copper octanoate (5225)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 795.0 0.40 3,487 1,987
Uses: Fungicide
Myrothecium verrucaria, dried fermentation solids & solubles (3966)
Microbial Not Listed 671.4 4.25 718.0 158.1
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Cypermethrin, zeta (3866)
Pyrethroid Yes 651.7 0.05 185,587 13,517
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Aizawai, GC-91 protein (3843)
Microbial Not Listed 650.1 0.68 27,282 957.6
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 592.5 1.01 18,285 589.2
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus thuringiensis, Subsp. Aizawai, Strain ABTS-1857 (5879)
Microbial Not Listed 571.1 0.77 5,773 743.8
Uses: Insecticide
Phenmedipham (675)
Bis-Carbamate Not Listed 547.3 0.49 717.6 1,125
Uses: Herbicide
Copper oxide (ous) (175)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 546.0 1.15 10,548 476.4
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Chlorantraniliprole (5964)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 474.4 0.07 139,382 7,125
Uses: Insecticide
Cyromazine (2286)
Triazine Yes 429.5 0.12 133,034 3,457
Uses: Insecticide, Insect Growth Regulator
Copper sulfate (pentahydrate) (161)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 426.9 14.9 120.0 28.8
Uses: Algaecide, Fungicide, Insecticide, Water Treatment, Molluscicide
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 386.1 0.14 70,022 2,726
Uses: Insecticide
Flonicamid (5886)
Unclassified Not Listed 380.4 0.08 87,844 4,502
Uses: Insecticide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 354.9 3.80 179.6 93.3
Uses: Herbicide
Poly (methylene para nonylphenoxy) - poly (oxypropylene) propanol (1788)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 314.2 0.05 4,212 5,917
Uses: Adjuvant
Bacillus pumilus strain QST 2808 (5770)
Microbial Not Listed 304.5 0.10 17,671 2,921
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Ethylene glycol (276)
Glycol Not Listed 297.6 0.26 1,241 1,127
Uses: Solvent, Adjuvant
QST 713 strain of dried Bacillus subtilis (5447)
Microbial Not Listed 287.3 0.09 41,997 3,159
Uses: Fungicide
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 265.1 0.03 70,793 9,787
Uses: Adjuvant, Insecticide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Spinach in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
362,857 0.72 867,870 498,592 50,824
Monterey (27)
264,446 0.87 834,753 303,804 33,286
San Benito (35)
33,235 1.05 5,086 31,708 5,669
Imperial (13)
18,445 0.21 10,129 88,587 2,999
Stanislaus (50)
15,276 3.63 1,516 4,209 822
Riverside (33)
12,898 1.47 1,566 8,784 673
Ventura (56)
8,271 0.38 2,987 18,260 2,067
Santa Barbara (42)
5,919 0.27 8,600 21,834 2,888
Santa Clara (43)
1,464 0.27 655.2 5,404 1,092
Fresno (10)
1,218 0.21 478.2 5,800 98
San Luis Obispo (40)
909.7 0.22 553.7 4,222 782
Santa Cruz (44)
310.5 0.19 91.3 1,643 261
Kern (15)
290.5 0.19 795.3 1,537 102
Tulare (54)
139.8 0.07 369.0 2,037 41
San Diego (37)
33.8 0.04 282.0 761.8 12
Sonoma (49)
0.26 0.09 0.20 2.90 29
Humboldt (12)
0.03 0.22 8.00 0.11 3
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.