PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Swiss Chard in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Swiss Chard, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Swiss Chard, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Swiss Chard by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Swiss Chard

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Swiss Chard
Vegetables and Melons
AG
13025
13025

Accuracy of acres planted data not evaluated for this crop.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Swiss Chard in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 26,377 0.90 93,145 29,385
Uses:
Metam potassium (970)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 13,139 123.4 1,004 106.5
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide, Nematicide
Potash soap (1596)
Soap Not Listed 4,010 9.56 951.2 419.1
Uses: Herbicide, Insecticide, Adjuvant
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 1,455 2.42 3,550 601.7
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Neem oil (3979, 6065)
Botanical Not Listed 1,216 1.61 1,272 754.5
Note! Data for Neem oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 722.9 2.45 628.0 294.8
Uses: Fungicide
Bacillus thuringiensis, Subsp. Aizawai, Strain ABTS-1857 (5879)
Microbial Not Listed 650.5 0.90 1,367 723.0
Uses: Insecticide
Fosetyl-Al (2210)
Unclassified Yes 569.2 3.56 5,376 160.0
Uses: Fungicide
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Kurstaki, strain SA-11 (3862)
Microbial Not Listed 539.7 0.76 6,156 711.5
Uses: Insecticide
Mono- and di- potassium salts of phosphorous acid (5766)
Inorganic Not Listed 411.5 2.59 2,384 158.9
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Copper octanoate (5225)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 358.2 0.79 6,347 451.5
Uses: Fungicide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 309.9 18.4 17.9 16.9
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 227.3 0.19 18,148 1,226
Uses: Fungicide
Spinosad (mixture of Factors A and D) (3983)
Spinosyn, Macrocyclic Lactone Not Listed 185.6 0.10 20,612 1,896
Uses: Insecticide
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 169.0 0.25 12,902 679.6
Uses: Adjuvant, Insecticide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 162.0 0.13 12,025 1,282
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
Fatty acids, methyl esters (389)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 151.8 0.41 4,033 368.5
Uses: Adjuvant
Ethoxylated linear alcohols (1766)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 138.4 0.37 303.0 370.7
Uses: Adjuvant
Permethrin (2008)
Pyrethroid Yes 121.2 0.18 20,050 692.0
Uses: Insecticide
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 119.3 0.97 119.9 123.4
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Reynoutria sachalinensis (5823)
Microbial Not Listed 98.1 0.19 8,498 507.8
Uses: Fungicide, Plant Growth Regulator
Mandipropamide (5961)
Not Listed 85.1 0.13 22,726 653.9
Uses: Fungicide
Poly (methylene para nonylphenoxy) - poly (oxypropylene) propanol (1788)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 73.9 0.09 6,767 817.9
Uses: Adjuvant
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 66.1 0.15 2,750 449.5
Uses: Adjuvant
Poly oxyethylated tallow amine (2807, 6097)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 59.3 0.06 6,819 928.3
Note! Data for Poly oxyethylated tallow amine summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 56.7 0.84 1,339 67.7
Uses: Insecticide
Fatty acids derived from tallow (5204)
Fatty acid Not Listed 55.4 0.15 303.0 370.7
Uses: Adjuvant
Chlorantraniliprole (5964)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 53.6 0.07 23,453 795.4
Uses: Insecticide
Hydrogen peroxide (1794)
Peroxide, Inorganic Yes 53.4 1.21 1,123 44.0
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Rodenticide
Cypermethrin, zeta (3866)
Pyrethroid Yes 50.1 0.05 41,204 1,094
Uses: Insecticide
Spinetoram (XDE-175-J) (5946)
Spinosyn Not Listed 48.4 0.05 37,406 900.6
Uses: Insecticide
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 48.4 0.17 5,377 277.7
Uses: Insecticide
Potassium silicate (2826)
Inorganic Not Listed 47.9 3.01 8.40 15.9
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Metolachlor, (S) (5133)
Chloroacetanilide Yes 42.7 0.66 2,150 64.6
Uses: Herbicide
Fenamidone (5791)
Imidazole Not Listed 41.9 0.23 7,384 180.0
Uses: Fungicide
Mefenoxam (4011)
Xylylalanine Yes 41.7 0.58 8,055 72.4
Uses: Fungicide
Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1 cells and spent fermentation media (6024)
Microbial Not Listed 41.6 0.83 263.0 50.2
Uses: Insecticide
Paecilomyces fumosoroseus Apopka strain 97 (3964)
Microbial Not Listed 41.5 0.27 259.3 154.4
Uses: Insecticide
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 41.5 1.08 401.5 38.6
Uses: Insecticide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 38.8 0.15 11,524 264.3
Uses: Fungicide
Azadirachtin (2328)
Botanical Not Listed 37.8 0.03 2,492 1,360
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Fluopicolide (5949)
Not Listed 36.8 0.12 8,594 297.8
Uses: Fungicide
Bacillus pumilus strain QST 2808 (5770)
Microbial Not Listed 36.2 0.07 3,070 483.9
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Aizawai, GC-91 protein (3843)
Microbial Not Listed 34.7 0.82 2,321 42.1
Uses: Insecticide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 34.2 0.16 6,310 219.5
Uses: Insecticide
Cyromazine (2286)
Triazine Yes 33.1 0.12 18,923 265.8
Uses: Insecticide, Insect Growth Regulator
Propionic acid (505)
Animal derived Yes 30.0 0.12 11,307 250.6
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Preservative
Pyrethrins (510)
Botanical Yes 26.9 0.04 3,548 625.0
Uses: Insecticide
Flonicamid (5886)
Unclassified Not Listed 26.6 0.08 16,922 313.5
Uses: Insecticide
Acetamiprid (5762)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 23.9 0.06 15,739 394.1
Uses: Insecticide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Swiss Chard in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
26,377 0.90 93,145 29,385 8,091
Stanislaus (50)
14,703 2.64 1,065 5,569 3,136
Ventura (56)
6,334 1.11 1,463 5,725 1,093
Monterey (27)
2,358 0.27 85,669 8,791 2,180
Imperial (13)
980.8 0.19 1,384 5,142 531
Kern (15)
859.1 0.91 749.0 939.9 67
San Benito (35)
680.9 0.32 1,268 2,136 799
San Luis Obispo (40)
285.1 0.87 156.0 326.6 14
Santa Cruz (44)
54.3 1.60 148.5 34.0 7
Santa Barbara (42)
43.5 0.14 1,082 316.3 55
Santa Clara (43)
35.9 0.16 46.1 224.4 70
Fresno (10)
16.7 0.22 56.0 75.4 9
San Mateo (41)
8.13 0.33 4.83 24.0 19
Riverside (33)
5.68 0.31 42.0 18.2 5
Glenn (11)
5.38 0.10 11.0 55.0 5
Placer (31)
3.86 - - - 22
Sonoma (49)
2.50 0.32 0.20 7.80 78
Orange (30)
0.10 0.20 0.50 0.50 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.