PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Potatoes in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Potatoes, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Potatoes, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Potatoes by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Potatoes

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Potatoes
Field Crops
AG
14013
14013

Acres planted estimated by PUR data for potatoes appear to be fairly accurate. High acreage values in 1993 are probably incorrect due to errors in the original data. PUR estimated acreage for potatoes was 182,000 acres in 1993 and 53,000 acres in 1994. A

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Potatoes in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 1,772,140 3.57 50,374 495,749
Uses:
Metam-sodium (616)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 996,285 165.0 6,528 6,038
Uses: Fumigant, Herbicide, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide
Metam potassium (970)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 460,069 268.4 1,854 1,714
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide, Nematicide
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 108,856 86.7 1,272 1,256
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Chlorothalonil (677)
Substituted Benzene Yes 42,870 1.09 21,937 39,350
Uses: Fungicide
Mancozeb (211)
Dithiocarbamate-ETU, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 35,271 1.28 18,904 27,517
Uses: Fungicide
EPTC (264)
Thiocarbamate Yes 24,958 3.37 6,614 7,403
Uses: Herbicide
Maleic hydrazide, potassium salt (2130)
Unclassified Not Listed 16,633 3.75 5,132 4,433
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator, Herbicide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 12,171 0.72 17,331 16,888
Uses: Herbicide
Metolachlor, (S) (5133)
Chloroacetanilide Yes 11,054 1.35 9,057 8,159
Uses: Herbicide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 5,297 1.25 3,753 4,228
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Diquat dibromide (229)
Bipyridylium Yes 5,098 0.74 7,684 6,904
Uses: Herbicide, Dessicant
Methomyl (383)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 4,171 0.82 7,889 5,074
Uses: Insecticide, Breakdown product
Metribuzin (1692)
Triazinone Yes 3,609 0.38 9,440 9,543
Uses: Herbicide
Azoxystrobin (4037)
Strobin Not Listed 3,183 0.19 14,019 17,088
Uses: Fungicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 2,889 0.24 10,230 12,000
Uses: Adjuvant
Iprodione (2081)
Dicarboximide Yes 2,459 0.66 3,528 3,715
Uses: Fungicide
Carbaryl (105)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 2,156 1.21 1,638 1,779
Uses: Insecticide, Plant Growth Regulator, Nematicide
Phorate (478)
Organophosphorus Yes 2,037 1.96 1,134 1,037
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Chlorpropham (141)
Other Carbamate Not Listed 2,032 - - -
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator
Oxamyl (1910)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 2,028 0.94 1,464 2,168
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 1,812 0.07 21,354 26,200
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
Boscalid (5790)
Anilide Not Listed 1,649 0.19 5,813 8,768
Uses: Fungicide
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 1,585 0.69 2,305 2,311
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Cymoxanil (4002)
Unclassified Not Listed 1,554 0.13 9,797 11,924
Uses: Fungicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 1,387 1.43 1,947 968.0
Uses: Herbicide
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 1,197 0.30 2,656 3,936
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 1,095 0.08 14,584 13,278
Uses: Insecticide
Dimethylnaphthalene (5067)
Botanical Not Listed 892.6 - - -
Uses: , Plant Growth Regulator
QST 713 strain of dried Bacillus subtilis (5447)
Microbial Not Listed 818.6 0.13 6,166 6,132
Uses: Fungicide
Poly-i-para-menthene (1314)
Unclassified Not Listed 817.5 0.22 2,689 3,738
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Permethrin (2008)
Pyrethroid Yes 797.3 0.20 4,200 4,004
Uses: Insecticide
Glufosinate-ammonium (3946)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 791.6 0.38 2,419 2,078
Uses: Herbicide
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 717.1 0.34 1,854 2,097
Uses: Adjuvant
Flutolanil (2305)
Anilide Not Listed 660.8 0.59 1,115 1,112
Uses: Fungicide
Esfenvalerate (2321)
Pyrethroid Not Listed 594.3 0.06 9,567 10,547
Uses: Insecticide
Alpha-pinene polymer (3996)
Polymer Not Listed 571.7 0.18 1,776 3,254
Uses: Insecticide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 534.0 1.09 598.6 491.8
Uses: Herbicide
Zoxamide (5769)
Not Listed 532.3 0.17 2,601 3,207
Uses: Fungicide
Pyrimethanil (5864)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 455.9 0.25 1,842 1,827
Uses: Fungicide
Famoxadone (5878)
Dicarboximide Not Listed 394.2 0.12 2,960 3,339
Uses: Fungicide
Mefenoxam (4011)
Xylylalanine Yes 389.5 0.13 2,792 3,079
Uses: Fungicide
Neem oil (3979, 6065)
Botanical Not Listed 384.9 1.85 346.1 207.8
Note! Data for Neem oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
Bentonite (1399)
Inorganic Not Listed 365.8 0.28 902.0 1,283
Uses: Adjuvant
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 362.7 0.15 2,002 2,390
Uses: Fungicide
S-Dimethenamid (5919)
Amide Not Listed 347.1 0.07 5,300 4,750
Uses: Herbicide
Copper oxide (ous) (175)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 313.6 1.13 193.0 278.0
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Clethodim (3566)
Cyclohexenone derivative Not Listed 310.4 0.13 2,416 2,339
Uses: Herbicide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 308.1 0.08 2,940 4,009
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Phosphoric acid (871)
Inorganic Not Listed 305.2 0.03 11,478 11,470
Uses: Fungicide, pH Adjustment, Herbicide, Microbiocide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Potatoes in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
1,772,140 3.57 50,374 495,749 6,208
Kern (15)
1,079,090 5.48 22,913 196,909 2,390
San Joaquin (39)
266,567 4.67 3,772 57,047 1,207
Los Angeles (19)
118,154 34.1 552.0 3,463 31
Imperial (13)
115,869 8.48 3,224 13,661 216
Modoc (25)
66,059 1.11 4,093 59,299 594
Siskiyou (47)
63,858 1.00 4,024 61,438 850
Santa Barbara (42)
34,819 2.41 1,336 14,422 144
Riverside (33)
14,718 0.29 3,884 49,599 404
San Diego (37)
3,532 0.39 470.0 9,104 70
Monterey (27)
3,454 0.20 4,840 17,680 128
San Luis Obispo (40)
3,333 0.40 606.0 8,394 67
Tulare (54)
1,498 0.51 334.8 2,912 28
Mono (26)
1,183 0.78 216.0 1,508 14
Orange (30)
5.41 0.72 1.50 7.50 5
Shasta (45)
1.64 0.0055 100.0 300.0 1
Sonoma (49)
0.72 0.12 0.10 5.80 58
Humboldt (12)
0.31 0.77 8.00 0.40 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

To print this page, choose Print. To export this data, choose Save As 'HTML Source' and open it in Excel or equivalent program.

Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.