PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Greenhouse Plants in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Greenhouse Plants, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Greenhouse Plants, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Greenhouse Plants by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Greenhouse Plants

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Greenhouse, Plants
Nursery Products
AG
00153
153

Accuracy of acres planted data not evaluated for this crop.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Greenhouse Plants in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 54,438 0.46 7,479 77,829
Uses:
Thiophanate-methyl (1696)
Benzimidazole precursor Yes 9,513 2.61 2,519 2,204
Uses: Fungicide
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 6,051 5.35 1,242 1,051
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Daminozide (7)
Unclassified Yes 4,016 2.02 1,617 1,084
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Fosetyl-Al (2210)
Unclassified Yes 2,908 3.34 1,267 284.5
Uses: Fungicide
Sodium carbonate peroxyhydrate (5785)
Inorganic Not Listed 2,623 64.2 17.0 40.5
Uses:
Chlorothalonil (677)
Substituted Benzene Yes 1,392 2.17 1,451 377.5
Uses: Fungicide
Iprodione (2081)
Dicarboximide Yes 1,277 1.26 1,776 568.3
Uses: Fungicide
Acephate (1685)
Organophosphorus Yes 1,220 1.22 2,739 658.5
Uses: Insecticide
Metaldehyde (379)
Aldehyde Not Listed 1,173 0.72 1,474 952.5
Uses: Molluscicide
Mancozeb (211)
Dithiocarbamate-ETU, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 1,150 1.59 1,180 546.8
Uses: Fungicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 988.2 1.61 1,081 537.4
Uses: Herbicide
Chlormequat chloride (1512)
Quaternary Ammonium Compound Yes 896.7 0.47 1,588 1,212
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Potash soap (1596)
Soap Not Listed 811.8 4.64 1,619 121.9
Uses: Herbicide, Insecticide, Adjuvant
Ethylene (270)
Petroleum derivative Yes 811.2 10.4 44.9 30.5
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Methiocarb (375)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 757.0 1.42 615.6 360.5
Uses: Insecticide, Molluscicide
Diquat dibromide (229)
Bipyridylium Yes 728.5 1.10 467.5 312.9
Uses: Herbicide, Dessicant
Dinotefuran (5822)
Neonicotinoid, Guanidine Not Listed 672.2 0.16 4,213 1,667
Uses: Insecticide
Mefenoxam (4011)
Xylylalanine Yes 617.6 0.18 2,852 1,425
Uses: Fungicide
Mineral oil, refined (3846, 2601, 2106, 2768, 1641)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 606.0 15.6 732.7 30.0
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Azoxystrobin (4037)
Strobin Not Listed 518.0 0.29 1,722 866.2
Uses: Fungicide
Carbaryl (105)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 510.9 2.71 767.2 144.4
Uses: Insecticide, Plant Growth Regulator, Nematicide
Fenhexamid (4032)
Anilide Not Listed 495.1 0.52 1,234 367.9
Uses: Fungicide
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 478.7 0.59 829.3 193.4
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Neem oil (3979, 6065)
Botanical Not Listed 472.5 4.44 206.8 35.7
Note! Data for Neem oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
Permethrin (2008)
Pyrethroid Yes 409.5 0.34 1,721 681.8
Uses: Insecticide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 384.8 0.59 166.3 630.4
Uses: Fungicide
Propionic acid (505)
Animal derived Yes 376.2 0.58 165.3 630.4
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Preservative
Piperonyl butoxide (486)
Unclassified Not Listed 369.1 0.54 1,237 245.1
Uses: Insecticide, Synergist
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 358.7 0.49 244.9 626.9
Uses: Adjuvant, Insecticide
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 356.5 0.14 237.8 794.8
Uses: Insecticide
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 352.8 2.98 1,030 87.0
Uses: Fungicide
Streptomycin sulfate (3834)
Antibiotic Yes 336.4 0.47 488.9 91.4
Uses: Fungicide
Hydrogen peroxide (1794)
Peroxide, Inorganic Yes 330.7 2.68 487.1 81.6
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Rodenticide
Tau-fluvalinate (2195)
Pyrethroid Yes 321.9 0.16 2,344 797.8
Uses: Insecticide
Pyridaben (3959)
Unclassified Not Listed 315.4 0.26 832.2 729.6
Uses: Insecticide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 312.9 0.85 886.2 268.2
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Copper sulfate (pentahydrate) (161)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 302.3 0.57 2,038 380.7
Uses: Algaecide, Fungicide, Insecticide, Water Treatment, Molluscicide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 300.9 0.23 3,121 523.6
Uses: Insecticide
Bifenazate (5657)
Unclassified Not Listed 296.7 0.26 1,224 877.7
Uses: Insecticide
Poly-i-para-menthene (1314)
Unclassified Not Listed 295.5 0.47 30.0 625.9
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
nonanoic acid (2739)
Fatty acid Not Listed 291.1 1.54 83.0 174.6
Uses: Herbicide, Fungicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 281.1 2.21 14.0 14.5
Uses: Herbicide
Cyromazine (2286)
Triazine Yes 227.9 0.26 761.4 663.1
Uses: Insecticide, Insect Growth Regulator
Fludioxonil (5027)
Unclassified Not Listed 218.8 0.25 1,741 536.9
Uses: Fungicide
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 210.7 1.10 218.2 134.4
Uses: Insecticide
Mono- and di- potassium salts of phosphorous acid (5766)
Inorganic Not Listed 205.9 2.23 117.5 61.7
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Trifluralin (597)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 198.5 2.66 79.1 74.2
Uses: Herbicide
Acetamiprid (5762)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 194.7 0.26 2,947 563.2
Uses: Insecticide
Bifenthrin (2300)
Pyrethroid Yes 174.5 0.17 746.7 487.3
Uses: Insecticide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Greenhouse Plants in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
54,438 0.46 7,479 77,829 55,255
San Diego (37)
14,695 0.39 557.8 27,254 20,030
San Luis Obispo (40)
11,548 0.41 66.3 25,365 4,809
Monterey (27)
8,554 0.47 2,300 3,421 9,101
San Mateo (41)
4,644 0.99 27.5 1,347 4,018
Orange (30)
2,464 0.34 58.8 7,196 1,598
Stanislaus (50)
2,154 1.70 37.0 1,186 793
Santa Barbara (42)
1,938 0.23 62.5 582.7 5,796
Ventura (56)
1,725 0.51 180.8 3,037 2,053
San Joaquin (39)
1,507 0.68 47.0 2,194 1,013
Kern (15)
1,092 1.13 2.25 483.5 108
Santa Clara (43)
767.5 1.49 24.9 510.5 660
Riverside (33)
684.5 0.22 31.0 3,113 943
Fresno (10)
581.7 0.73 26.9 800.4 666
San Francisco (38)
533.1 5.74 - 88.6 35
Santa Cruz (44)
342.9 0.57 3,983 220.9 1,627
Del Norte (08)
280.1 - 7.00 - 306
Butte (04)
230.9 1.21 5.69 186.2 297
Los Angeles (19)
219.6 0.70 30.5 243.2 654
San Benito (35)
153.2 0.39 9.00 389.3 192
Siskiyou (47)
99.9 - - - 93
Placer (31)
80.9 0.64 3.50 126.7 71
San Bernardino (36)
44.6 15.5 - 0.29 23
Napa (28)
26.0 1.13 3.00 23.0 94
Tulare (54)
24.2 0.59 6.00 41.2 100
Marin (21)
19.4 0.98 - 4.00 15
Contra Costa (07)
12.3 - - - 11
Humboldt (12)
8.89 0.63 2.50 11.6 25
Mendocino (23)
3.95 - 1.00 - 55
Sonoma (49)
2.46 0.11 1.20 1.40 20
El Dorado (09)
1.30 1.18 2.20 1.10 6
Madera (20)
0.63 0.20 1.00 1.20 35
Alameda (01)
0.12 - - - 3
Yolo (57)
0.06 - - - 2
Shasta (45)
0.0033 0.05 0.02 0.06 3
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.