PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Grapefruit in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Grapefruit, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Grapefruit, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Grapefruit by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Grapefruit

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Grapefruit
Fruits and Nuts
AG
02002
2002

Acres planted estimated by PUR data for grapefruit appear to be fairly accurate. High acreage in 1996 is probably incorrect due to errors in the original data. In general, PUR estimates of acres planted for fruit and nut trees are more accurate than Cali

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Grapefruit in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 230,478 2.58 9,163 88,675
Uses:
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 73,298 12.9 4,266 5,694
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Calcium hydroxide (99, 3669)
Inorganic Not Listed 46,151 29.2 1,530 1,579
Note! Data for Calcium hydroxide summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Herbicide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 33,203 59.4 519.8 558.6
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 16,346 14.2 1,044 1,154
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 8,158 0.92 4,717 8,889
Uses: Herbicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 7,735 1.38 2,390 5,612
Uses: Herbicide
Copper sulfate (basic) (162)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 4,629 4.72 896.6 980.1
Uses: Fungicide, Algaecide, Molluscicide
Cottonseed oil (1015)
Oil - vegetable Not Listed 4,069 67.1 60.6 60.6
Uses: Insecticide
Metam-sodium (616)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 3,175 317.5 143.0 10.0
Uses: Fumigant, Herbicide, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 3,086 1.53 2,509 2,019
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Diuron (231)
Urea Yes 3,064 2.21 1,446 1,384
Uses: Herbicide
Limonene (979, 2531)
Oil - essential, Botanical Not Listed 2,909 20.3 143.0 143.0
Note! Data for Limonene summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insect Repellent, Insecticide, Dog and Cat Repellent
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 2,615 1.72 1,765 1,522
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Simazine (531)
Triazine Yes 2,284 2.05 1,454 1,116
Uses: Herbicide
Copper oxide (ous) (175)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 1,748 2.42 701.6 721.2
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Copper (714)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 1,334 2.77 493.4 481.8
Uses: Fungicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 1,316 0.52 1,499 2,546
Uses: Adjuvant
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 1,206 3.29 308.0 366.5
Uses: Herbicide
Sodium hypochlorite (539)
Inorganic Yes 1,205 - - -
Uses: Microbiocide, Water Treatment, Nematicide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 1,201 0.49 2,322 2,443
Uses: Insecticide
Bentonite (1399)
Inorganic Not Listed 1,068 2.00 509.4 533.2
Uses: Adjuvant
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 914.6 0.24 2,182 3,787
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 661.0 4.08 1,182 162.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Bromacil (83)
Uracil Yes 552.9 1.53 760.4 361.9
Uses: Herbicide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 452.8 1.30 1,386 349.0
Uses: Fungicide
Cryolite (173)
Inorganic Not Listed 425.3 11.5 37.0 37.0
Uses: Insecticide
Carbaryl (105)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 413.9 7.26 57.0 57.0
Uses: Insecticide, Plant Growth Regulator, Nematicide
Metaldehyde (379)
Aldehyde Not Listed 406.4 0.29 1,220 1,425
Uses: Molluscicide
2,4-D, isopropyl ester (810)
Chlorophenoxy acid or ester Not Listed 336.6 0.09 3,917 3,699
Uses: Herbicide
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 293.6 2.51 107.0 117.0
Uses: Insecticide
Indaziflam (5999)
Triazine Not Listed 291.5 0.15 2,522 1,998
Uses: Herbicide
2,4-D, dimethylamine salt (806)
Chlorophenoxy acid or ester Yes 277.7 0.78 309.5 353.9
Uses: Herbicide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 256.8 3.39 153.5 75.8
Uses: Herbicide
Ethylene glycol polymer (2558, 1600, 2103, 2797, 2104)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 242.4 0.24 702.8 1,013
Note! Data for Ethylene glycol polymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Polymerized pinene (2043)
Polymer Not Listed 233.4 0.68 427.0 342.9
Uses: Insecticide
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 217.3 1.75 96.0 124.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 190.8 0.44 289.0 429.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 184.0 0.07 1,280 2,719
Uses: Adjuvant
Spinetoram (XDE-175-J) (5946)
Spinosyn Not Listed 176.0 0.07 2,328 2,601
Uses: Insecticide
Imazalil (2084)
Azole Yes 168.4 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Alkyl (C8,C10) polyglycoside (4015)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 161.9 0.36 366.0 454.1
Uses: Adjuvant
Alpha-(p-(1,1,3,3-tetramethyl butyl) phenyl)-omega-hydroxy poly (1932)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 154.8 0.25 193.0 622.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 149.9 0.51 278.6 295.4
Uses: Insecticide
Fenpropathrin (2234)
Pyrethroid Yes 148.6 0.37 462.0 397.4
Uses: Insecticide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 146.2 0.31 371.5 474.4
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Alpha-alkyl-omega-hydroxypoly (oxyethylene) poly (oxyethylene), (1884)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 141.3 0.92 1,174 154.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Thiabendazole (587)
Benzimidazole Yes 141.2 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Propylene glycol (507)
Glycol Not Listed 119.2 0.19 540.5 611.8
Uses: Fungicide, Adjuvant, Microbiocide
Modified phthalic glycerol alkyd resin (1159)
Polymer Not Listed 115.6 0.42 228.5 273.3
Uses: Adjuvant

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Grapefruit in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
230,478 2.58 9,163 88,675 4,255
Tulare (54)
66,516 2.84 1,581 23,100 1,552
Kern (15)
55,437 2.87 894.7 19,306 673
Riverside (33)
47,807 2.15 3,600 22,237 1,015
Imperial (13)
27,683 2.31 1,263 11,961 186
San Diego (37)
15,616 2.75 1,269 5,672 369
Fresno (10)
15,348 2.91 382.6 5,058 305
San Bernardino (36)
1,656 1.27 164.0 1,303 146
San Joaquin (39)
392.0 19.6 - 20.0 1
Ventura (56)
24.4 1.46 8.25 16.8 8
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.