PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Lemons in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Lemons, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Lemons, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Lemons by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Lemons

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Lemons
Fruits and Nuts
AG
02004
2004

Note, high variability in reported planted acreage probably indicates errors in the original data. PUR estimated acreage for lemons was 74,000 acres in 1994 and 50,000 acres in 1995. A change of this magnitude is unlikely. Since 1995, PUR estimated lemon

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Lemons in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 2,048,400 4.25 46,398 473,620
Uses:
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 1,312,730 37.4 27,374 35,126
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Calcium hydroxide (99, 3669)
Inorganic Not Listed 227,635 20.2 10,997 11,253
Note! Data for Calcium hydroxide summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Herbicide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 153,913 59.0 2,565 2,609
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 49,377 1.37 13,678 35,921
Uses: Herbicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 46,095 0.99 19,224 46,586
Uses: Herbicide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 44,007 13.7 3,739 3,204
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Copper sulfate (basic) (162)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 32,752 4.43 7,561 7,388
Uses: Fungicide, Algaecide, Molluscicide
Sodium hypochlorite (539)
Inorganic Yes 26,830 1.26 - 18.0
Uses: Microbiocide, Water Treatment, Nematicide
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 19,848 2.79 9,239 7,121
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Simazine (531)
Triazine Yes 10,535 2.28 4,209 4,618
Uses: Herbicide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 10,421 1.03 10,402 10,098
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Diuron (231)
Urea Yes 10,362 1.76 5,916 5,894
Uses: Herbicide
Metaldehyde (379)
Aldehyde Not Listed 8,588 0.50 10,231 17,109
Uses: Molluscicide
Bentonite (1399)
Inorganic Not Listed 8,380 1.38 7,036 6,055
Uses: Adjuvant
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 7,217 0.64 5,353 11,215
Uses: Adjuvant
Copper oxide (ous) (175)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 6,987 3.29 2,835 2,122
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Metam-sodium (616)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 6,444 105.3 151.0 61.2
Uses: Fumigant, Herbicide, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide
Copper (714)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 6,331 3.00 1,912 2,113
Uses: Fungicide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 4,792 0.34 10,820 13,979
Uses: Insecticide
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 4,098 292.5 26.0 14.0
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Imazalil (2084)
Azole Yes 4,026 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 3,598 0.21 8,266 16,996
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
EDTA, iron chelate (5950, 6011)
Inorganic Not Listed 2,951 0.75 3,462 3,944
Note! Data for EDTA, iron chelate summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 2,702 0.46 3,262 5,832
Uses: Fungicide
Bromacil (83)
Uracil Yes 2,640 1.14 2,821 2,321
Uses: Herbicide
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 2,362 3.48 705.5 678.6
Uses: Herbicide
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 2,115 0.13 7,795 15,774
Uses: Adjuvant, Insecticide
Thiabendazole (587)
Benzimidazole Yes 1,317 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 1,279 3.17 319.0 402.9
Uses: Adjuvant
Chloropicrin (136)
Inorganic Yes 1,270 151.1 12.0 8.41
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Fludioxonil (5027)
Unclassified Not Listed 1,235 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 1,209 0.17 5,549 7,062
Uses: Adjuvant
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 1,100 1.82 514.1 604.3
Uses: Herbicide
Modified phthalic glycerol alkyd resin (1159)
Polymer Not Listed 1,080 0.47 1,930 2,299
Uses: Adjuvant
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 980.1 0.09 4,984 10,788
Uses: Adjuvant
Copper sulfate (pentahydrate) (161)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 882.4 1.44 407.0 613.0
Uses: Algaecide, Fungicide, Insecticide, Water Treatment, Molluscicide
Gibberellins (310)
Botanical Not Listed 825.4 0.05 18,302 15,579
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Lime-sulfur (358)
Inorganic Not Listed 736.3 3.83 102.5 192.0
Uses: Insecticide, Fungicide
2,4-D, isopropyl ester (810)
Chlorophenoxy acid or ester Not Listed 724.6 0.05 7,177 8,860
Uses: Herbicide
Silicone-polyether copolymer (3520, 3841)
Silicone, Polymer, Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 701.1 0.21 2,861 3,296
Note! Data for Silicone-polyether copolymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Lactose (1400)
Carbohydrate, Animal derived Not Listed 606.9 0.10 6,856 6,051
Uses:
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 560.5 1.67 297.5 336.5
Uses: Adjuvant
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 528.0 0.15 1,345 3,417
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Casein (1075)
Animal derived Not Listed 515.4 0.09 6,911 5,994
Uses: Adjuvant
Polyoxyethylene soybean oil fatty acid ester (mol. Wt. 850) (3338)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 497.0 1.23 508.5 403.0
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Propylene glycol (507)
Glycol Not Listed 469.4 0.12 4,395 3,950
Uses: Fungicide, Adjuvant, Microbiocide
2,4-D, dimethylamine salt (806)
Chlorophenoxy acid or ester Yes 445.1 0.67 776.5 663.5
Uses: Herbicide
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 442.3 0.83 707.5 534.4
Uses: Herbicide
Propionic acid (505)
Animal derived Yes 427.4 0.21 1,446 2,014
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Preservative

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Lemons in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
2,048,400 4.25 46,398 473,620 17,911
Ventura (56)
1,085,980 7.34 18,185 144,701 6,173
Tulare (54)
287,741 3.23 5,874 87,861 4,156
Kern (15)
141,373 1.94 3,123 72,673 1,003
Riverside (33)
134,722 3.64 5,815 36,991 649
Imperial (13)
101,542 2.11 3,944 48,150 788
Santa Barbara (42)
82,185 8.52 1,853 9,646 379
Fresno (10)
61,348 1.98 2,377 27,684 1,045
Monterey (27)
50,458 7.35 1,306 6,864 202
San Luis Obispo (40)
48,774 5.14 1,001 9,493 426
San Diego (37)
38,051 1.69 2,518 22,514 2,806
Orange (30)
16,219 2.30 398.0 7,038 277
Santa Cruz (44)
3.55 0.85 4.00 4.20 5
San Bernardino (36)
0.09 0.09 0.50 1.00 2
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.