PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Lemons in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Lemons, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Lemons, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Lemons by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Lemons

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Lemons
Fruits and Nuts
AG
02004
2004

Note, high variability in reported planted acreage probably indicates errors in the original data. PUR estimated acreage for lemons was 74,000 acres in 1994 and 50,000 acres in 1995. A change of this magnitude is unlikely. Since 1995, PUR estimated lemon

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Lemons in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 3,388,820 4.00 54,686 832,112
Uses:
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 2,018,190 30.9 33,089 65,370
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Calcium hydroxide (99, 3669)
Inorganic Not Listed 326,709 16.4 17,219 19,930
Note! Data for Calcium hydroxide summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Herbicide
Mineral oil, unrefined (765, 763, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 300,631 21.0 9,298 14,338
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 120,305 31.6 3,881 3,811
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 88,974 1.84 19,085 48,264
Uses: Herbicide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 69,931 13.2 5,609 5,280
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 61,362 333.5 340.0 184.0
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Copper sulfate (basic) (162)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 56,184 4.55 10,734 12,336
Uses: Fungicide, Algaecide, Molluscicide
Sodium hypochlorite (539)
Inorganic Not Listed 49,113 1.27 - 50.0
Uses: Microbiocide, Water Treatment, Nematicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 45,159 1.25 15,034 36,091
Uses: Herbicide
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 35,476 3.82 11,972 9,287
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Silicone-polyether copolymer (3520, 3841)
Polyalkyloxy Compound, Polymer, Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 32,773 2.59 7,551 12,668
Note! Data for Silicone-polyether copolymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 23,242 1.38 15,674 16,804
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 15,908 0.72 12,024 22,052
Uses: Adjuvant
Bentonite (1399)
Inorganic Not Listed 10,769 1.27 8,527 8,512
Uses: Adjuvant
Copper oxide (ous) (175)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 8,005 2.76 3,334 2,897
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 6,408 0.41 15,954 15,569
Uses: Insecticide
Diuron (231)
Urea Yes 6,205 2.33 3,112 2,659
Uses: Herbicide
Simazine (531)
Triazine Yes 5,154 2.34 1,974 2,200
Uses: Herbicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 4,946 0.21 13,395 24,045
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap or Surfactant
Metaldehyde (379)
Aldehyde Not Listed 4,922 0.43 8,906 11,434
Uses: Molluscicide
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 4,849 0.25 11,905 19,148
Uses: Adjuvant, Insecticide
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 4,463 9.72 471.7 458.9
Uses: Herbicide
Iron EDTA chelate (5950, 6011)
Inorganic Not Listed 4,209 0.80 2,875 5,272
Note! Data for Iron EDTA chelate summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide
Imazalil (2084)
Azole Yes 3,204 7.72 - 50.0
Uses: Fungicide
Spirotetramat (5955)
Keto-enol Not Listed 2,964 0.15 21,574 19,961
Uses: Insecticide
Cryolite (173)
Inorganic Not Listed 2,911 14.4 202.2 202.2
Uses: Insecticide
Carbaryl (105)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 2,843 5.14 1,311 553.3
Uses: Insecticide, Plant Growth Regulator, Nematicide
Thiabendazole (587)
Benzimidazole Yes 2,843 0.44 - 638.0
Uses: Fungicide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 2,723 2.43 1,450 1,121
Uses: Herbicide
Glufosinate-ammonium (3946)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 2,671 0.74 4,730 3,593
Uses: Herbicide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 2,451 0.44 3,689 5,602
Uses: Fungicide
Mono- and di- potassium salts of phosphorous acid (5766)
Inorganic Not Listed 2,384 1.62 717.6 505.9
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Fenpropathrin (2234)
Pyrethroid Yes 2,254 0.29 7,654 7,675
Uses: Insecticide
Frontalin + alpha-pinene mixture (3996)
Pheromone Not Listed 2,096 0.66 2,469 3,198
Uses: Pheromone
Abamectin (2254, 5916, 5917)
Macrocyclic Lactone, Botanical Yes 1,933 0.04 32,819 43,302
Note! Data for Abamectin summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 1,926 0.74 1,611 2,600
Uses: Adjuvant
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 1,910 0.13 11,492 14,203
Uses: Adjuvant
Fludioxonil (5027)
Pyrrole Not Listed 1,861 0.98 - 240.0
Uses: Fungicide
Spinetoram (XDE-175-J) (5946)
Spinosyn Not Listed 1,780 0.07 22,471 24,184
Uses: Insecticide
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 1,712 1.29 1,303 1,325
Uses: Adjuvant
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 1,664 0.11 7,621 15,392
Uses: Adjuvant
Thiamethoxam (5598)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 1,657 0.08 20,334 20,967
Uses: Insecticide
Polyether modified polysiloxane (5223)
Silicone Not Listed 1,622 0.26 5,736 6,257
Uses: Adjuvant
Mefenoxam (4011)
Xylylalanine Not Listed 1,347 0.56 2,922 2,420
Uses: Fungicide
Azoxystrobin (4037)
Strobin Not Listed 1,327 0.35 319.4 494.0
Uses: Fungicide
Propylene glycol (507)
Glycol Not Listed 1,240 0.12 7,277 10,128
Uses: Fungicide, Adjuvant, Microbiocide
Caprylic acid (2316)
Unclassified Not Listed 1,230 4.33 137.7 284.0
Uses: Microbiocide
Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene block copolymer (2816, 1698)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 1,163 0.79 1,352 1,471
Note! Data for Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene block copolymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Lemons in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
3,388,820 4.00 54,686 832,112 29,099
Ventura (56)
1,742,990 6.77 18,964 251,049 11,286
Tulare (54)
457,841 2.94 8,545 154,163 7,296
Kern (15)
259,074 2.92 3,761 88,478 1,616
Riverside (33)
225,228 2.35 6,899 95,828 1,314
Imperial (13)
189,748 2.22 5,640 85,645 1,315
Santa Barbara (42)
164,856 5.81 1,825 28,358 869
Fresno (10)
157,750 2.87 2,849 51,461 1,541
San Diego (37)
76,646 2.07 2,401 36,949 2,786
San Luis Obispo (40)
64,090 2.39 1,726 26,862 705
Monterey (27)
33,994 4.47 1,439 7,610 153
Orange (30)
16,179 3.65 374.0 4,437 165
San Bernardino (36)
383.8 0.32 254.6 1,203 34
Santa Cruz (44)
33.3 0.51 5.00 65.9 15
San Benito (35)
3.57 1.02 2.60 3.50 4
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.