PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Oranges in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Oranges, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Oranges, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Oranges by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Oranges

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Oranges
Fruits and Nuts
AG
02006
2006

Acres planted estimated by PUR data for oranges are fairly accurate. In general, PUR estimates of acres planted for fruit and nut trees are more accurate than California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) estimates.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Oranges in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 8,839,960 2.72 176,602 3,213,830
Uses:
Calcium hydroxide (99, 3669)
Inorganic Not Listed 3,237,360 25.1 118,270 129,118
Note! Data for Calcium hydroxide summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Herbicide
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 3,218,610 17.7 111,289 181,694
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Copper sulfate (basic) (162)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 378,024 4.26 79,831 88,700
Uses: Fungicide, Algaecide, Molluscicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 217,851 1.29 66,070 168,944
Uses: Herbicide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 204,601 55.6 4,648 3,677
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 184,249 1.29 62,456 143,368
Uses: Herbicide
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 129,546 3.02 55,284 42,871
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Diuron (231)
Urea Yes 122,051 1.89 62,817 64,718
Uses: Herbicide
Copper (714)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 114,497 2.88 39,158 39,740
Uses: Fungicide
Simazine (531)
Triazine Yes 113,548 2.38 47,249 47,643
Uses: Herbicide
Cryolite (173)
Inorganic Not Listed 98,054 13.7 10,700 7,161
Uses: Insecticide
Sodium hypochlorite (539)
Inorganic Yes 77,841 1.26 - 0.51
Uses: Microbiocide, Water Treatment, Nematicide
Bentonite (1399)
Inorganic Not Listed 64,434 1.57 39,375 40,938
Uses: Adjuvant
Copper oxide (ous) (175)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 48,449 2.75 18,241 17,608
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 32,210 0.37 52,875 86,400
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 31,976 0.87 26,691 36,720
Uses: Adjuvant
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 26,039 0.43 63,672 60,561
Uses: Insecticide
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 25,835 3.21 9,344 8,049
Uses: Herbicide
Bromacil (83)
Uracil Yes 25,173 1.29 21,274 19,579
Uses: Herbicide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 24,935 2.81 10,512 8,879
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Cottonseed oil (1015)
Oil - vegetable Not Listed 22,603 65.7 381.2 343.9
Uses: Insecticide
Modified phthalic glycerol alkyd resin (1159)
Polymer Not Listed 22,273 0.66 29,591 33,988
Uses: Adjuvant
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 21,454 1.94 12,177 11,060
Uses: Herbicide
Copper sulfate (pentahydrate) (161)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 18,542 6.77 2,818 2,737
Uses: Algaecide, Fungicide, Insecticide, Water Treatment, Molluscicide
Imazalil (2084)
Azole Yes 16,747 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 15,891 1.11 9,254 14,286
Uses: Fungicide
Metaldehyde (379)
Aldehyde Not Listed 14,737 0.45 29,734 32,887
Uses: Molluscicide
Carbaryl (105)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 10,775 5.90 4,860 1,827
Uses: Insecticide, Plant Growth Regulator, Nematicide
Fenpropathrin (2234)
Pyrethroid Yes 10,409 0.37 31,783 27,762
Uses: Insecticide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 10,322 2.92 2,973 3,539
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Thiabendazole (587)
Benzimidazole Yes 10,151 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
2,4-D, isopropyl ester (810)
Chlorophenoxy acid or ester Not Listed 9,929 0.08 114,704 127,242
Uses: Herbicide
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 9,615 0.15 48,032 65,900
Uses: Adjuvant
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 9,410 0.24 15,180 39,368
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 9,366 0.10 53,615 89,951
Uses: Adjuvant, Insecticide
Metam-sodium (616)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 8,361 211.7 492.0 39.5
Uses: Fumigant, Herbicide, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide
2,4-D, dimethylamine salt (806)
Chlorophenoxy acid or ester Yes 8,224 0.69 13,306 11,898
Uses: Herbicide
Buprofezin (3947)
Unclassified Not Listed 7,266 1.99 6,503 3,647
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Spinetoram (XDE-175-J) (5946)
Spinosyn Not Listed 7,104 0.08 94,748 86,026
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 6,889 0.48 14,347 14,264
Uses: Insecticide
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 6,478 1.27 5,692 5,101
Uses: Insecticide
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 6,292 1.03 5,823 6,118
Uses: Adjuvant
Pyridaben (3959)
Unclassified Not Listed 6,248 0.44 18,468 14,262
Uses: Insecticide
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 5,861 0.20 27,642 30,028
Uses: Adjuvant
Alkylaryl poly(oxyethylene) glycol (748)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 5,693 0.50 5,761 11,478
Uses: Adjuvant
Polyether modified polysiloxane (5223)
Silicone Not Listed 5,544 0.37 18,121 15,132
Uses: Adjuvant
Formetanate hydrochloride (111)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 5,345 0.98 7,680 5,445
Uses: Insecticide
Fatty acids, methyl esters (389)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 4,993 0.93 4,178 5,381
Uses: Adjuvant
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Kurstaki strain SA-12 (3970)
Microbial Not Listed 4,926 0.65 8,044 7,623
Uses:

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Oranges in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
8,839,960 2.72 176,602 3,213,830 92,904
Tulare (54)
5,287,680 2.95 94,238 1,769,170 58,795
Kern (15)
2,201,890 2.50 39,113 876,829 13,121
Fresno (10)
1,187,860 2.77 25,929 418,450 13,611
Madera (20)
55,326 0.91 3,101 60,515 1,334
San Diego (37)
26,042 1.47 4,161 17,699 1,137
San Bernardino (36)
25,334 0.71 2,842 35,842 2,644
Ventura (56)
19,605 1.80 3,259 10,612 1,159
Riverside (33)
17,142 0.79 3,084 21,634 851
Kings (16)
8,590 31.8 90.0 270.0 3
Imperial (13)
5,052 5.36 283.0 942.3 43
Santa Clara (43)
1,636 - - - 44
San Luis Obispo (40)
1,595 3.75 86.1 425.2 41
Santa Barbara (42)
1,251 19.9 10.0 62.8 16
Glenn (11)
575.6 1.04 263.5 552.0 26
Tehama (52)
159.2 2.92 8.00 54.5 7
Butte (04)
122.0 0.23 61.8 531.3 17
Orange (30)
68.0 2.18 9.89 31.3 43
Yolo (57)
18.7 0.09 57.0 202.0 7
Yuba (58)
12.5 3.24 1.29 3.87 2
Solano (48)
6.71 6.71 1.00 1.00 1
El Dorado (09)
1.87 0.93 2.00 2.00 2
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.