PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Forage Grasses in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Forage Grasses, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Forage Grasses, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Forage Grasses by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Forage Grasses

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Forage Grasses
Field Crops
AG
22000
22000

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Forage Grasses in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 25,878 0.25 27,554 104,208
Uses:
2,4-D, dimethylamine salt (806)
Chlorophenoxy acid or ester Yes 9,898 0.96 11,802 10,296
Uses: Herbicide
MCPA, dimethylamine salt (786)
Chlorophenoxy acid or ester Yes 3,472 0.58 6,221 5,942
Uses: Herbicide
Dicamba, diglycolamine salt (5007)
Benzoic acid Yes 2,190 0.58 3,484 3,790
Uses: Herbicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 1,943 1.14 2,174 1,706
Uses: Herbicide
Orchex 796 oil (5179)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 1,778 1.18 1,218 1,504
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 1,027 0.10 10,457 10,288
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 854.0 1.93 545.8 442.8
Uses: Herbicide
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 637.0 0.77 1,069 830.0
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Dicamba, dimethylamine salt (849)
Benzoic acid Yes 532.8 0.13 5,556 4,024
Uses: Herbicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 399.5 0.32 1,447 1,250
Uses: Adjuvant
Bromoxynil octanoate (834)
Hydroxybenzonitrile Yes 301.0 0.23 1,768 1,327
Uses: Herbicide
Oleic acid (1156)
Fatty acid Not Listed 259.0 0.12 2,198 2,184
Uses: Adjuvant
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 250.7 0.20 1,412 1,225
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Bromoxynil heptanoate (5036)
Hydroxybenzonitrile Not Listed 218.3 0.19 1,557 1,132
Uses: Herbicide
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 214.8 1.25 171.5 171.5
Uses: Insecticide
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 194.1 0.10 1,734 1,880
Uses: Adjuvant
Carfentrazone-ethyl (5130)
Triazolone Not Listed 184.9 0.02 7,736 8,074
Uses: Herbicide
Diethylene glycol (2334)
Glycol Not Listed 125.3 0.05 3,112 2,747
Uses: Adjuvant, Solvent
Alpha-alkyl (C9-C18)-omega-hydroxypoly(oxyethylene) (5862)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 115.1 0.11 1,340 1,048
Uses: Adjuvant
Ethylene glycol polymer (2558, 1600, 2103, 2797, 2104)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 89.8 0.07 1,333 1,316
Note! Data for Ethylene glycol polymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Tall oil (2912)
Botanical Not Listed 79.8 0.04 2,200 1,884
Uses: Adjuvant
Isopropyl alcohol (342)
Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 67.9 0.01 5,384 4,870
Uses: Microbiocide, Solvent
Tall oil acids (1389)
Fatty acid Not Listed 61.8 0.04 1,660 1,700
Uses: Adjuvant
Metolachlor (1996)
Chloroacetanilide Yes 55.2 1.31 42.0 42.0
Uses: Herbicide
Ethoxylated linear alcohols (1766)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 49.2 0.05 1,097 1,053
Uses: Adjuvant
Dimethoate (216)
Organophosphorus Yes 42.5 0.49 86.0 86.0
Uses: Insecticide
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 40.3 0.73 55.0 55.0
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Sec-butyl alcohol (3078, 1482)
Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 39.7 0.02 1,662 1,720
Note! Data for Sec-butyl alcohol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Solvent
Methidathion (1689)
Organophosphorus Yes 35.0 0.44 100.0 80.0
Uses: Insecticide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 32.9 0.05 608.0 605.0
Uses: Fungicide
Poly oxyethylated tallow amine (2807, 6097)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 32.6 0.12 271.0 271.0
Note! Data for Poly oxyethylated tallow amine summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Aminopyralid, triisopropanolamine salt (5928)
Pyridinecarboxylic acid Not Listed 30.9 0.15 395.0 205.0
Uses: Herbicide
Propionic acid (505)
Animal derived Yes 30.5 0.05 608.0 605.0
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Preservative
Polyoxyethylene 20 sorbital trioleate (2814)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 30.2 0.12 246.0 246.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Phosphoric acid (871)
Inorganic Not Listed 28.4 0.02 1,263 1,449
Uses: Fungicide, pH Adjustment, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Cottonseed oil (1015)
Oil - vegetable Not Listed 25.1 0.11 232.6 232.6
Uses: Insecticide
Cyfluthrin (2223, 3956)
Pyrethroid Not Listed 24.3 0.02 1,089 1,168
Note! Data for Cyfluthrin summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
Cyhalothrin, lambda (2297)
Pyrethroid Not Listed 23.4 0.03 828.7 823.7
Uses: Insecticide
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 22.4 0.12 183.0 182.0
Uses: Adjuvant
2,4-D (636)
Chlorophenoxy acid or ester Not Listed 22.1 1.42 15.5 15.5
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 21.3 0.11 201.0 201.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Polyoxyethylene soybean oil fatty acid ester (mol. Wt. 850) (3338)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 20.4 0.24 85.8 85.8
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Fatty acids derived from tallow (5204)
Fatty acid Not Listed 19.7 0.02 1,162 1,053
Uses: Adjuvant
Propylene glycol (507)
Glycol Not Listed 17.7 0.03 419.0 605.0
Uses: Fungicide, Adjuvant, Microbiocide
Dicamba, sodium salt (5057)
Benzoic acid Yes 17.7 0.05 321.3 321.3
Uses: Herbicide
Alpha-(p-(1,1,3,3-tetramethyl butyl) phenyl)-omega-hydroxy poly (1932)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 17.6 0.02 1,233 981.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 17.5 0.09 469.5 204.5
Uses: Adjuvant
Alkylaryl poly(oxyethylene) glycol (748)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 15.6 0.06 183.0 271.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 15.1 0.0028 5,375 5,329
Uses: Adjuvant, Insecticide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Forage Grasses in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
25,878 0.25 27,554 104,208 1,339
Imperial (13)
9,985 0.48 5,760 20,799 236
San Joaquin (39)
1,768 0.15 2,150 11,666 164
San Luis Obispo (40)
1,679 0.21 4,293 7,856 87
Shasta (45)
1,307 0.14 1,277 9,284 64
Lassen (18)
1,205 0.23 1,554 5,302 58
Solano (48)
1,092 0.34 943.0 3,252 59
Glenn (11)
866.3 0.23 908.5 3,780 39
Riverside (33)
774.1 0.27 594.0 2,871 22
Merced (24)
716.1 0.11 1,058 6,509 106
Siskiyou (47)
686.7 0.21 1,052 3,223 42
Santa Barbara (42)
651.5 0.36 1,340 1,833 42
Yolo (57)
637.8 0.18 720.2 3,530 46
Fresno (10)
605.7 0.12 1,000 4,965 62
Modoc (25)
523.1 0.22 503.0 2,334 16
Stanislaus (50)
505.4 0.10 851.6 4,998 63
San Bernardino (36)
476.8 0.41 490.0 1,155 12
Madera (20)
390.3 0.16 411.0 2,455 20
Ventura (56)
316.1 0.26 240.0 1,200 6
Tehama (52)
263.5 0.17 391.3 1,517 24
Sacramento (34)
221.6 0.15 237.6 1,487 35
Colusa (06)
199.7 0.48 161.8 420.2 17
Los Angeles (19)
192.1 0.27 145.0 725.0 6
Sutter (51)
178.7 0.37 256.0 487.0 15
Contra Costa (07)
150.0 0.26 181.5 569.5 22
Placer (31)
119.9 0.30 55.0 395.0 8
Santa Clara (43)
112.1 0.17 265.0 667.0 43
Yuba (58)
95.5 0.97 87.0 98.0 3
San Benito (35)
88.5 0.29 131.9 301.9 10
Alameda (01)
30.1 0.15 390.0 200.0 1
Napa (28)
19.0 0.21 30.0 90.0 2
Calaveras (05)
14.3 0.16 23.0 90.0 3
Kings (16)
5.44 0.06 14.0 98.0 3
Sonoma (49)
1.00 0.05 8.00 20.0 2
Monterey (27)
0.88 0.03 30.0 30.0 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.