PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Barley in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Barley, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Barley, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Barley by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Barley

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Barley, General
Field Crops
AG
29103
29103

PUR acreage estimates for barley may be lower than actual planted acres because a significant portion of the acreage may not be sprayed and thus not reported.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Barley in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 29,942 0.17 42,559 174,104
Uses:
2,4-D, dimethylamine salt (806)
Chlorophenoxy acid, salt, or ester Not Listed 8,380 0.80 12,325 10,491
Uses: Herbicide
MCPA, dimethylamine salt (786)
Chlorophenoxy acid, salt, or ester Not Listed 7,485 0.52 14,235 14,465
Uses: Herbicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 2,267 1.30 1,664 1,741
Uses: Herbicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 1,771 1.52 1,383 1,168
Uses: Herbicide
Bromoxynil octanoate (834)
Hydroxybenzonitrile Yes 1,240 0.47 3,145 2,646
Uses: Herbicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 1,095 0.19 4,556 5,723
Uses: Adjuvant
2,4-D, 2-ethylhexyl ester (1622)
Chlorophenoxy acid, salt, or ester Yes 1,005 1.14 1,153 884.0
Uses: Herbicide
Dicamba, diglycolamine salt (5007)
Benzoic acid Yes 842.5 0.18 5,570 4,630
Uses: Herbicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 785.6 0.05 17,525 14,501
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap or Surfactant
Dicamba, dimethylamine salt (849)
Benzoic acid Yes 613.0 0.09 7,716 6,620
Uses: Herbicide
Diethylene glycol (2334)
Glycol Not Listed 554.0 0.10 7,165 5,579
Uses: Adjuvant, Solvent
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 462.8 0.41 1,051 1,124
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Bromoxynil heptanoate (5036)
Hydroxybenzonitrile Not Listed 370.2 0.34 1,374 1,076
Uses: Herbicide
Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate (2813)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 326.9 0.12 2,168 2,633
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
MCPA, 2-ethyl hexyl ester (5059)
Chlorophenoxy acid, salt, or ester Not Listed 273.7 0.49 565.0 563.0
Uses: Herbicide
Azoxystrobin (4037)
Strobin Not Listed 168.9 0.10 2,118 1,679
Uses: Fungicide
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 168.5 0.06 2,846 2,890
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Propiconazole (2276)
Azole Yes 168.4 0.10 1,763 1,649
Uses: Fungicide
Pinoxaden (5984)
Not Listed 167.9 0.05 3,681 3,186
Uses: Herbicide
Petroleum distillates, aromatic (1814)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 163.2 0.14 1,182 1,135
Uses: Solvent, Herbicide, Insecticide
Carfentrazone-ethyl (5130)
Triazolone Not Listed 111.3 0.01 9,234 9,715
Uses: Herbicide
Diazinon (198)
Organophosphorus Yes 111.1 0.50 224.0 224.0
Uses: Insecticide
Fluroxypyr 1-methylheptyl ester (5918)
Pyridinecarboxylic acid Not Listed 101.1 0.18 565.0 563.0
Uses: Herbicide
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 86.7 0.07 1,318 1,318
Uses: Adjuvant
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 82.0 1.04 78.5 78.5
Uses: Herbicide
Polyacrylamide polymer (2111)
Polymer Not Listed 76.9 0.03 2,554 2,847
Uses: Adjuvant
Tribenuron methyl (2338)
Sulfonylurea Not Listed 76.3 0.01 7,230 6,999
Uses: Herbicide
Limonene (979, 2531)
Oil - essential, Botanical Not Listed 62.6 0.07 855.0 899.0
Note! Data for Limonene summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insect Repellent, Insecticide, Dog and Cat Repellent
Ethoxylated linear alcohols (1766)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 60.2 0.04 1,597 1,355
Uses: Adjuvant
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 59.9 0.41 145.0 145.0
Uses: Fungicide
Fatty acids, mixed (2069)
Fatty acid Not Listed 59.2 0.04 1,318 1,318
Uses: Adjuvant
Ethylene glycol polymer (2558, 1600, 2103, 2797, 2104)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 56.1 0.02 3,444 3,225
Note! Data for Ethylene glycol polymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 45.1 0.13 336.0 336.0
Uses: Herbicide
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 42.2 0.03 1,182 1,425
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Tall oil acids (1389)
Fatty acid Not Listed 41.7 0.01 3,018 2,882
Uses: Adjuvant
Butyl lactate (6127)
Not Listed 37.2 0.01 2,167 2,633
Uses:
Chlorsulfuron (2143)
Sulfonylurea Yes 37.0 0.01 5,015 2,866
Uses: Herbicide
Poly (methylene para nonylphenoxy) - poly (oxypropylene) propanol (1788)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 36.1 0.03 1,845 1,330
Uses: Adjuvant
Naphtha, heavy aromatic (2396, 1717)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 30.0 0.38 78.5 78.5
Note! Data for Naphtha, heavy aromatic summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Solvent
Alpha-alkyl (C10-C14)-omega-hydroxypoly (oxyethylene) (1844)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 29.9 0.05 822.9 653.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Dimethyl alkyl tertiary amines (3639)
Not Listed 29.7 0.0054 4,332 5,500
Uses: Algaecide, Microbiocide
Benzoic acid (1329)
Benzoic acid Not Listed 27.2 0.0049 4,332 5,500
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 25.8 2.95 520.0 8.75
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Fatty acids derived from tallow (5204)
Fatty acid Not Listed 24.1 0.02 1,597 1,355
Uses: Adjuvant
Oleic acid, triethanolamine salt (1869, 2091)
Soap Not Listed 18.4 0.01 1,325 1,325
Note! Data for Oleic acid, triethanolamine salt summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Microbiocide, Adjuvant
Polyvinyl polymer (2822)
Polymer Not Listed 18.1 0.0081 2,085 2,240
Uses: Adjuvant
Citric acid (142)
Botanical Not Listed 17.3 0.01 1,461 1,426
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 15.9 0.03 495.0 493.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Polyoxyethylene soybean oil fatty acid ester (mol. Wt. 850) (3338)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 14.8 0.34 43.8 43.8
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Barley in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
29,942 0.17 42,559 174,104 990
Fresno (10)
7,254 0.16 8,376 46,197 156
San Luis Obispo (40)
7,162 0.23 13,602 31,732 146
Modoc (25)
4,471 0.13 3,772 34,442 228
Tulare (54)
3,132 0.28 4,757 11,186 72
Siskiyou (47)
2,716 0.16 2,274 16,706 150
Solano (48)
941.0 0.65 1,035 1,450 16
Yolo (57)
834.5 0.26 996.7 3,142 32
Merced (24)
765.5 0.11 713.3 7,132 64
Glenn (11)
459.9 0.49 188.0 940.0 3
Tehama (52)
372.1 0.05 1,138 7,156 13
Kings (16)
352.2 0.18 78.5 1,962 6
Riverside (33)
323.5 0.59 386.0 552.0 7
Sacramento (34)
318.2 0.19 217.8 1,702 32
Kern (15)
286.3 0.05 1,296 5,588 19
Monterey (27)
209.1 0.13 2,369 1,654 12
Sonoma (49)
126.2 0.35 300.0 360.0 1
San Joaquin (39)
117.9 0.22 105.0 525.0 9
Santa Barbara (42)
70.7 0.05 909.0 1,552 20
San Benito (35)
26.4 0.22 40.0 120.0 3
Santa Clara (43)
3.11 0.52 6.00 6.00 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.