PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Barley in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Barley, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Barley, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Barley by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Barley

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Barley, General
Field Crops
AG
29103
29103

PUR acreage estimates for barley may be lower than actual planted acres because a significant portion of the acreage may not be sprayed and thus not reported.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Barley in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 227,228 1.67 38,665 136,222
Uses:
Metam potassium (970)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 177,671 329.3 539.6 539.6
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide, Nematicide
Metam-sodium (616)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 12,086 166.7 90.0 72.5
Uses: Fumigant, Herbicide, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide
Diethylene glycol (2334)
Glycol Not Listed 10,870 1.80 5,057 6,050
Uses: Adjuvant, Solvent
2,4-D, dimethylamine salt (806)
Chlorophenoxy acid or ester Yes 6,453 0.80 9,764 8,095
Uses: Herbicide
MCPA, dimethylamine salt (786)
Chlorophenoxy acid or ester Yes 5,255 0.60 9,988 8,809
Uses: Herbicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 4,690 0.33 13,336 14,156
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 2,880 1.49 2,138 1,929
Uses: Herbicide
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 1,127 1.03 1,094 1,094
Uses: Insecticide
Dicamba, dimethylamine salt (849)
Benzoic acid Yes 599.6 0.09 8,340 6,689
Uses: Herbicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 496.2 0.30 2,762 1,656
Uses: Adjuvant
Bromoxynil octanoate (834)
Hydroxybenzonitrile Yes 461.9 0.27 3,921 1,694
Uses: Herbicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 434.2 1.04 537.0 417.0
Uses: Herbicide
Pinoxaden (5984)
Not Listed 428.9 0.05 8,612 8,460
Uses: Herbicide
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 356.1 0.51 701.3 701.3
Uses: Adjuvant
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 349.9 0.27 1,304 1,304
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Dicamba, diglycolamine salt (5007)
Benzoic acid Yes 335.0 0.21 2,096 1,600
Uses: Herbicide
Bromoxynil heptanoate (5036)
Hydroxybenzonitrile Not Listed 219.9 0.23 2,873 970.7
Uses: Herbicide
Phosphoric acid (871)
Inorganic Not Listed 172.7 0.11 1,635 1,635
Uses: Fungicide, pH Adjustment, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Propiconazole (2276)
Azole Yes 160.8 0.11 1,505 1,428
Uses: Fungicide
Poly (methylene para nonylphenoxy) - poly (oxypropylene) propanol (1788)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 160.6 0.04 3,295 3,590
Uses: Adjuvant
Citric acid (142)
Botanical Yes 150.6 0.07 2,323 2,303
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 145.4 0.31 776.3 474.7
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Tribenuron methyl (2338)
Sulfonylurea Not Listed 124.7 0.01 10,261 9,998
Uses: Herbicide
Alkylaryl poly(oxyethylene) glycol (748)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 116.0 0.18 635.0 633.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Chlorsulfuron (2143)
Sulfonylurea Yes 103.0 0.02 6,360 4,194
Uses: Herbicide
Poly oxyethylated tallow amine (2807, 6097)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 95.4 0.14 701.3 701.3
Note! Data for Poly oxyethylated tallow amine summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Carfentrazone-ethyl (5130)
Triazolone Not Listed 85.2 0.02 6,173 5,625
Uses: Herbicide
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 82.0 0.29 663.0 279.3
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Ethylene glycol polymer (2558, 1600, 2103, 2797, 2104)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 79.4 0.08 1,158 962.8
Note! Data for Ethylene glycol polymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Ethoxylated linear alcohols (1766)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 77.4 0.04 2,208 1,921
Uses: Adjuvant
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 71.1 0.55 129.9 129.9
Uses: Herbicide
Polybutenes (1040)
Polymer Not Listed 63.6 0.09 701.3 701.3
Uses: Rodenticide
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 59.6 0.08 892.9 729.9
Uses: Adjuvant
Alpha-(p-(1,1,3,3-tetramethyl butyl) phenyl)-omega-hydroxy poly (1932)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 58.9 0.38 156.0 156.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Fatty acids, mixed (2069)
Fatty acid Not Listed 49.0 0.01 3,612 3,744
Uses: Adjuvant
Fenoxaprop-P ethyl (+) (5123)
Aryloxyphenoxy propionic acid Not Listed 46.2 0.08 1,895 554.0
Uses: Herbicide
Cyhalothrin, lambda (2297)
Pyrethroid Not Listed 42.3 0.03 1,474 1,394
Uses: Insecticide
Azoxystrobin (4037)
Strobin Not Listed 40.0 0.13 310.0 310.0
Uses: Fungicide
Isopropyl alcohol (342)
Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 38.9 0.02 2,343 1,966
Uses: Microbiocide, Solvent
Urea dihydrogen sulfate (2270)
Inorganic Not Listed 36.4 0.23 156.0 156.0
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator, Herbicide
Fatty acids derived from tallow (5204)
Fatty acid Not Listed 31.0 0.02 2,208 1,921
Uses: Adjuvant
Clopyralid, monoethanolamine salt (5050)
Pyridinecarboxylic acid Not Listed 27.9 0.11 259.8 259.8
Uses: Herbicide
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 26.7 0.0035 6,985 7,603
Uses: Adjuvant, Insecticide
Polyvinyl polymer (2822)
Polymer Not Listed 26.7 0.0065 3,918 4,073
Uses: Adjuvant
Kerosene (2071)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Not Listed 26.0 0.02 2,762 1,656
Uses: Insecticide, Solvent
Alpha-alkyl (C10-C14)-omega-hydroxypoly (oxyethylene) (1844)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 22.1 0.02 1,019 998.7
Uses: Adjuvant
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 20.1 0.05 370.0 370.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 19.7 0.12 160.0 160.0
Uses: Fungicide
Propionic acid (505)
Animal derived Yes 19.5 0.12 160.0 160.0
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Preservative

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Barley in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
227,228 1.67 38,665 136,222 924
Los Angeles (19)
178,792 33.4 1,511 5,346 31
San Luis Obispo (40)
20,208 0.49 14,134 41,234 189
Modoc (25)
13,304 1.25 1,686 10,582 100
Fresno (10)
5,918 0.26 4,584 22,731 113
Siskiyou (47)
1,442 0.17 1,867 8,563 108
Contra Costa (07)
1,188 0.18 1,135 6,700 6
Yolo (57)
1,004 0.16 2,170 6,449 69
Tulare (54)
869.7 0.12 1,614 7,512 43
Kings (16)
697.5 0.13 1,350 5,467 28
Tehama (52)
665.1 0.60 921.0 1,106 7
Merced (24)
545.4 0.11 986.9 4,796 60
Kern (15)
393.7 0.05 1,322 8,060 55
Imperial (13)
339.1 0.47 314.0 716.0 8
Glenn (11)
276.3 0.39 516.0 704.0 11
Sonoma (49)
244.7 0.30 600.0 816.0 4
San Benito (35)
241.9 0.29 52.0 822.8 10
Colusa (06)
214.4 0.32 220.0 660.0 15
San Joaquin (39)
210.5 0.14 275.0 1,484 26
Solano (48)
169.9 0.42 202.0 404.0 6
Riverside (33)
150.6 0.63 60.0 240.0 3
Monterey (27)
139.2 0.20 2,692 683.0 14
Ventura (56)
83.3 0.49 60.0 169.5 3
Santa Barbara (42)
50.5 0.13 139.0 395.0 6
Santa Clara (43)
34.2 0.19 60.0 180.0 3
Shasta (45)
34.0 0.12 45.0 290.0 4
San Bernardino (36)
13.5 1.13 50.0 12.0 1
Alameda (01)
0.10 0.0010 100.0 100.0 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.