PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Cotton in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Cotton, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Cotton, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Cotton by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Cotton

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Cotton, General
Field Crops
AG
29121
29121

Acres planted estimated by PUR data for cotton appear to be fairly accurate

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Cotton in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 2,605,290 0.25 269,662 10,520,700
Uses:
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 465,316 1.39 180,436 335,753
Uses: Herbicide
Urea dihydrogen sulfate (2270)
Inorganic Not Listed 269,734 1.36 140,244 197,763
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator, Herbicide
Vegetable oil (1231)
Oil - vegetable Not Listed 265,565 1.26 90,216 211,016
Uses: Insecticide
Ethephon (1626)
Organophosphorus Yes 241,260 1.01 186,405 239,259
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 124,402 1.21 68,896 102,552
Uses: Herbicide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 122,224 0.70 148,435 174,843
Uses: Herbicide
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 95,958 0.96 74,760 100,210
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Sodium chlorate (536)
Inorganic Yes 90,980 4.72 20,315 19,271
Uses: Defoliant, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 85,847 0.55 75,819 155,867
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Naled (418)
Organophosphorus Yes 80,883 1.19 59,872 67,751
Uses: Insecticide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 68,589 0.09 215,910 778,158
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap or Surfactant
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 63,903 1.37 46,674 46,801
Uses: Herbicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 43,094 0.19 115,398 222,014
Uses: Adjuvant
Dimethoate (216)
Organophosphorus Yes 41,612 0.49 75,424 84,825
Uses: Insecticide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 33,022 0.10 107,990 334,707
Uses: Fungicide
Cottonseed oil (1015)
Oil - vegetable Not Listed 31,097 1.36 8,363 22,816
Uses: Insecticide
Acephate (1685)
Organophosphorus Yes 28,334 0.91 28,683 28,690
Uses: Insecticide
Flonicamid (5886)
Unclassified Not Listed 27,106 0.09 169,306 304,965
Uses: Insecticide
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 20,007 0.37 51,127 54,664
Uses: Herbicide
Propionic acid (505)
Carboxylic acid or salt Not Listed 19,910 0.08 97,222 240,078
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Preservative
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 17,985 24.4 864.8 737.4
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 16,426 0.11 88,209 145,196
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Thidiazuron (2162)
Urea Not Listed 15,468 0.06 191,210 249,261
Uses: Defoliant, Plant Growth Regulator
Phorate (478)
Organophosphorus Yes 14,654 1.06 14,799 13,870
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Buprofezin (3947)
Unclassified Not Listed 14,568 0.33 49,092 44,392
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Acetamiprid (5762)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 13,479 0.09 122,947 155,534
Uses: Insecticide
Trifluralin (597)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 11,667 0.69 16,772 16,840
Uses: Herbicide
Bifenthrin (2300)
Pyrethroid Yes 11,663 0.10 72,764 113,861
Uses: Insecticide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 11,460 0.08 81,910 142,188
Uses: Insecticide
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 10,727 0.05 84,757 220,315
Uses: Adjuvant
Glufosinate-ammonium (3946)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 10,578 1.02 9,940 10,404
Uses: Herbicide
Metolachlor, (S) (5133)
Chloroacetanilide Yes 10,568 1.25 8,770 8,435
Uses: Herbicide
Petroleum distillates, aromatic (1814)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 9,518 0.57 14,208 16,821
Uses: Solvent, Herbicide, Insecticide
Mepiquat chloride (2075)
Quaternary Ammonium Compound Not Listed 9,485 0.04 116,513 214,888
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Novaluron (5754)
Benzoylurea Not Listed 8,850 0.07 89,294 122,343
Uses: Herbicide
Diuron (231)
Urea Yes 8,100 0.03 190,991 247,988
Uses: Herbicide
Phosphoric acid (871)
Inorganic Not Listed 8,080 0.03 113,950 273,004
Uses: Fungicide, pH Adjustment, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Flupyradifurone (6098)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 8,051 0.16 46,469 48,801
Uses: Insecticide
S,S,S-tributyl phosphorotrithioate (190)
Organophosphorus Yes 6,882 0.89 6,204 7,725
Uses: Defoliant, Plant Growth Regulator
Fatty acids, mixed (2069)
Fatty acid Not Listed 6,664 0.02 123,052 371,433
Uses: Adjuvant
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 6,638 0.05 67,065 128,319
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Citric acid (142)
Botanical Not Listed 6,202 0.02 120,847 248,384
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 5,954 1.95 6,098 3,047
Uses: Insecticide
Polyoxyethylene 20 sorbital trioleate (2814)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 5,939 0.11 22,635 54,164
Uses: Adjuvant
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 5,576 0.23 14,590 24,340
Uses: Adjuvant
Ethoxylated linear alcohols (1766)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 5,149 0.11 23,582 46,594
Uses: Adjuvant
Naphtha, heavy aromatic (2396, 1717)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 4,975 0.19 20,547 25,658
Note! Data for Naphtha, heavy aromatic summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Solvent
Ammonium propionate (5015)
Carboxylic acid or salt Not Listed 4,076 0.05 45,706 85,795
Uses: Preservative, Microbiocide
Clothianidin (5792)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 3,996 0.09 41,085 42,479
Uses: Insecticide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Cotton in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
2,605,290 0.25 269,662 10,520,700 62,301
Kings (16)
1,158,390 0.23 102,925 5,090,540 16,640
Fresno (10)
670,804 0.29 68,919 2,294,270 14,653
Merced (24)
361,067 0.23 48,610 1,544,820 16,437
Kern (15)
227,949 0.28 23,817 825,239 6,067
Tulare (54)
114,696 0.28 15,363 410,679 4,729
Glenn (11)
22,203 0.28 3,291 79,121 730
Riverside (33)
18,699 0.13 2,883 142,940 1,332
Madera (20)
16,181 0.24 1,097 67,396 494
Imperial (13)
12,392 0.22 1,928 57,132 1,068
Tehama (52)
1,320 0.96 219.0 1,382 26
Sutter (51)
1,275 0.20 457.2 6,462 100
San Joaquin (39)
282.4 0.38 153.0 749.0 19
Alameda (01)
29.9 - - - 6
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.