PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Melons in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Melons, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Melons, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Melons by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Melons

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Melons
Vegetables and Melons
AG
29122
29122

PUR estimates of acres planted for melons are highly variable, probably due to errors in the original data and inconsistencies in reporting pesticide use on different types of melons. There are three types of melons reported in the PUR data, watermelons,

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Melons in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 165,393 0.57 17,832 288,518
Uses:
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 46,405 8.47 3,608 5,478
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 27,914 31.7 862.0 880.2
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 25,415 44.6 590.0 570.0
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Metam potassium (970)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 14,615 52.2 621.0 280.0
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide, Nematicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 10,843 2.13 4,535 5,083
Uses: Herbicide
Bensulide (70)
Organophosphorus Yes 6,903 4.03 2,016 1,714
Uses: Herbicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 3,051 1.91 1,290 1,594
Uses: Herbicide
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 2,688 0.28 3,415 9,602
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Carbaryl (105)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 2,393 0.56 4,592 4,242
Uses: Insecticide, Plant Growth Regulator, Nematicide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 2,089 0.29 6,550 7,224
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus subtilis var. amyloliquefaciens strain D747 (6082)
Microbial Not Listed 1,894 4.19 295.0 452.0
Uses: Fungicide, Plant Growth Regulator
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 1,319 0.10 8,524 13,608
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap or Surfactant
Bifenthrin (2300)
Pyrethroid Yes 1,316 0.08 7,864 15,843
Uses: Insecticide
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 1,107 0.15 6,130 7,330
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Trifluralin (597)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 1,081 0.66 1,816 1,649
Uses: Herbicide
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 922.6 0.73 784.7 1,258
Uses: Insecticide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 906.2 0.19 4,287 4,760
Uses: Adjuvant
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 725.2 0.29 2,444 2,543
Uses: Herbicide
Buprofezin (3947)
Unclassified Not Listed 686.8 0.27 2,373 2,543
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Thiophanate-methyl (1696)
Benzimidazole precursor Yes 637.3 0.32 1,486 1,967
Uses: Fungicide
Mefenoxam (4011)
Xylylalanine Not Listed 589.2 0.17 2,818 3,385
Uses: Fungicide
Acetamiprid (5762)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 494.1 0.08 4,639 6,243
Uses: Insecticide
Dinotefuran (5822)
Neonicotinoid, Guanidine Not Listed 478.8 0.17 3,026 2,841
Uses: Insecticide
Vegetable oil (1231)
Oil - vegetable Not Listed 464.5 0.50 1,070 928.2
Uses: Insecticide
Thiamethoxam (5598)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 424.2 0.07 4,930 5,525
Uses: Insecticide
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 400.6 0.17 1,113 2,352
Uses: Adjuvant
Ethalfluralin (2166)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 362.6 0.33 1,283 1,086
Uses: Herbicide
Quinoxyfen (5787)
Quinoline Not Listed 361.5 0.08 3,924 4,337
Uses: Fungicide
Triflumizole (2260)
Azole Not Listed 346.9 0.21 1,803 1,661
Uses: Fungicide
Chlorothalonil (677)
Substituted Benzene Yes 326.3 1.38 239.0 237.0
Uses: Fungicide
Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1 cells and spent fermentation media (6024)
Microbial Not Listed 318.2 0.56 359.8 567.9
Uses: Insecticide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 314.1 1.02 309.0 309.0
Uses: Herbicide
Permethrin (2008)
Pyrethroid Yes 294.3 0.08 2,253 3,496
Uses: Insecticide
Methomyl (383)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 289.1 0.85 321.5 341.5
Uses: Insecticide, Breakdown product
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Kurstaki, strain SA-11 (3862)
Microbial Not Listed 284.8 0.97 461.0 294.0
Uses: Insecticide
Ethylene glycol polymer (2558, 1600, 2103, 2797, 2104)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 267.1 0.09 2,016 2,915
Note! Data for Ethylene glycol polymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 266.0 0.15 879.3 1,765
Uses: Fungicide
Flubendiamide (5948)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 255.2 0.04 3,701 5,873
Uses: Insecticide
Ethylene glycol (276)
Glycol Yes 213.1 0.44 298.0 489.0
Uses: Solvent, Adjuvant
Citric acid (142)
Botanical Not Listed 202.7 0.05 3,956 3,974
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Abamectin (2254, 5916, 5917)
Macrocyclic Lactone, Botanical Yes 200.1 0.01 10,939 15,727
Note! Data for Abamectin summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
Mineral oil, unrefined (765, 763, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 198.2 0.30 654.0 654.0
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 192.9 0.10 1,881 1,904
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Azoxystrobin (4037)
Strobin Not Listed 172.3 0.09 1,929 1,943
Uses: Fungicide
Chlorantraniliprole (5964)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 166.8 0.05 3,732 3,614
Uses: Insecticide
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 165.9 0.08 1,764 2,170
Uses: Adjuvant
Phosphoric acid (871)
Inorganic Not Listed 163.5 0.02 3,892 6,792
Uses: Fungicide, pH Adjustment, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Spiromesifen (5858)
Keto-enol Not Listed 150.7 0.10 1,536 1,498
Uses: Insecticide
Diethylene glycol (2334)
Glycol Not Listed 149.1 0.11 1,585 1,401
Uses: Adjuvant, Solvent

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Melons in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
165,393 0.57 17,832 288,518 3,496
Fresno (10)
93,168 0.50 8,479 185,830 1,469
Yolo (57)
33,107 2.26 1,480 14,678 241
Imperial (13)
13,271 0.88 1,455 15,090 316
Sutter (51)
8,981 1.21 995.0 7,406 117
Riverside (33)
6,133 0.23 1,410 26,737 761
Kern (15)
5,035 2.54 310.0 1,983 33
Merced (24)
4,184 0.15 2,039 28,301 202
San Joaquin (39)
526.2 0.80 352.6 657.4 50
Contra Costa (07)
233.6 0.17 75.0 1,344 25
Tulare (54)
181.3 0.20 150.0 900.0 8
Stanislaus (50)
148.1 0.04 217.0 3,386 24
Colusa (06)
104.2 0.13 291.5 781.4 61
Solano (48)
63.0 0.32 20.2 195.5 53
Kings (16)
55.5 0.09 232.3 621.2 4
San Benito (35)
52.9 18.6 11.0 2.85 4
San Luis Obispo (40)
35.3 0.15 180.0 240.0 6
Sacramento (34)
31.1 0.28 15.0 112.0 19
Glenn (11)
29.3 0.18 41.9 163.1 14
Monterey (27)
27.2 - - - 29
Los Angeles (19)
12.7 0.71 10.0 17.8 9
San Bernardino (36)
6.21 0.16 25.0 38.5 19
Ventura (56)
5.90 0.18 41.4 33.2 13
Orange (30)
1.24 4.96 0.25 0.25 1
Sonoma (49)
0.26 - 0.10 - 17
Shasta (45)
0.0016 0.0036 0.44 0.44 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.