PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Melons in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Melons, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Melons, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Melons by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Melons

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Melons
Vegetables and Melons
AG
29122
29122

PUR estimates of acres planted for melons are highly variable, probably due to errors in the original data and inconsistencies in reporting pesticide use on different types of melons. There are three types of melons reported in the PUR data, watermelons,

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Melons in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 143,254 1.06 13,495 135,571
Uses:
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 43,857 25.5 1,458 1,721
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Metam potassium (970)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 37,417 53.8 776.6 695.9
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide, Nematicide
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 23,855 44.6 545.0 535.0
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 12,771 4.48 2,011 2,851
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 4,747 2.86 1,865 1,661
Uses: Herbicide
Bensulide (70)
Organophosphorus Yes 2,341 4.30 1,259 544.9
Uses: Herbicide
Carbaryl (105)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 2,335 0.70 3,843 3,336
Uses: Insecticide, Plant Growth Regulator, Nematicide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 1,438 0.30 4,888 4,786
Uses: Insecticide
Bifenthrin (2300)
Pyrethroid Yes 976.9 0.09 6,460 11,056
Uses: Insecticide
Diazinon (198)
Organophosphorus Yes 891.3 0.59 2,040 1,520
Uses: Insecticide
Trifluralin (597)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 798.2 0.80 1,010 993.4
Uses: Herbicide
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 727.7 0.13 4,164 5,457
Uses: Insecticide
Dinotefuran (5822)
Neonicotinoid, Guanidine Not Listed 723.2 0.28 2,364 2,563
Uses: Insecticide
Methomyl (383)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 703.1 0.67 880.0 1,048
Uses: Insecticide, Breakdown product
Ethylene glycol (276)
Glycol Not Listed 632.3 0.30 897.8 2,127
Uses: Solvent, Adjuvant
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 600.1 0.09 5,164 6,907
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Kurstaki, strain SA-11 (3862)
Microbial Not Listed 535.5 0.40 1,266 1,347
Uses: Insecticide
Quinoxyfen (5787)
Quinoline Not Listed 472.0 0.08 4,174 5,973
Uses: Fungicide
Azoxystrobin (4037)
Strobin Not Listed 469.4 0.14 2,941 3,311
Uses: Fungicide
Bacillus thuringiensis, Subsp. Aizawai, Strain ABTS-1857 (5879)
Microbial Not Listed 405.0 0.55 641.8 730.0
Uses: Insecticide
Myclobutanil (2245)
Azole Yes 375.0 0.12 3,050 3,141
Uses: Fungicide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 365.0 0.14 1,404 2,589
Uses: Fungicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 326.4 0.09 1,528 3,536
Uses: Adjuvant
Acetamiprid (5762)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 286.6 0.08 3,764 3,485
Uses: Insecticide
Neem oil (3979, 6065)
Botanical Not Listed 278.1 0.73 278.0 380.6
Note! Data for Neem oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 265.8 0.53 651.5 500.4
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Triflumizole (2260)
Azole Not Listed 265.0 0.18 1,425 1,486
Uses: Fungicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 256.4 1.98 186.5 129.5
Uses: Herbicide
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 256.2 0.17 1,593 1,529
Uses: Fungicide
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 237.3 0.68 437.0 351.0
Uses: Insecticide
Permethrin (2008)
Pyrethroid Yes 199.5 0.13 1,633 1,561
Uses: Insecticide
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 185.8 0.08 1,079 2,446
Uses: Adjuvant
Difenoconazole (5024)
Azole Not Listed 160.4 0.11 1,245 1,527
Uses: Fungicide
Isopropyl alcohol (342)
Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 157.9 0.03 2,915 4,634
Uses: Microbiocide, Solvent
Chlorothalonil (677)
Substituted Benzene Yes 153.8 1.49 263.5 103.2
Uses: Fungicide
Spiromesifen (5858)
Keto-enol Not Listed 147.0 0.12 1,109 1,275
Uses: Insecticide
Flonicamid (5886)
Unclassified Not Listed 142.6 0.08 1,703 1,795
Uses: Insecticide
Chlorantraniliprole (5964)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 130.3 0.06 2,360 2,301
Uses: Insecticide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 119.6 0.13 1,111 935.2
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Flubendiamide (5948)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 116.6 0.05 1,655 2,480
Uses: Insecticide
Avermectin (2254, 5916, 5917)
Botanical, Macrocyclic Lactone Yes 104.4 0.01 7,865 9,660
Note! Data for Avermectin summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
Thiamethoxam (5598)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 90.3 0.05 1,489 1,688
Uses: Insecticide
Buprofezin (3947)
Unclassified Not Listed 85.9 0.21 366.7 418.9
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 83.5 0.17 374.4 504.5
Uses: Adjuvant
Mancozeb (211)
Dithiocarbamate-ETU, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 83.0 1.66 126.0 50.0
Uses: Fungicide
Vegetable oil (1231)
Oil - vegetable Not Listed 62.7 0.52 384.5 119.5
Uses: Insecticide
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 61.6 0.14 359.5 438.8
Uses: Adjuvant
Spinetoram (XDE-175-J) (5946)
Spinosyn Not Listed 61.6 0.04 2,157 1,397
Uses: Insecticide
Oxamyl (1910)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 60.7 0.52 255.0 116.0
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Melons in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
143,254 1.06 13,495 135,571 2,318
Fresno (10)
77,543 1.09 5,650 70,857 626
Kern (15)
17,203 10.2 270.0 1,691 47
Sutter (51)
14,822 0.93 1,582 15,918 243
Yolo (57)
14,806 1.31 1,277 11,318 187
Imperial (13)
14,561 1.22 1,404 11,929 330
Riverside (33)
3,178 0.19 1,523 16,928 509
Stanislaus (50)
302.8 0.10 246.0 2,966 57
Merced (24)
170.1 0.16 126.3 1,087 30
Solano (48)
127.2 0.28 20.9 459.4 75
Tulare (54)
95.6 0.24 185.0 405.0 7
Colusa (06)
85.7 0.13 151.0 647.0 31
Kings (16)
70.8 0.32 224.0 224.0 3
San Benito (35)
67.9 2.46 29.0 27.6 11
San Luis Obispo (40)
63.7 0.11 340.0 585.0 6
San Joaquin (39)
46.4 0.36 8.86 129.6 77
Contra Costa (07)
29.2 0.28 14.0 106.0 4
Sonoma (49)
26.9 1.33 80.1 20.2 3
Ventura (56)
20.7 0.29 100.8 72.0 18
Sacramento (34)
13.1 0.16 15.0 81.0 14
Butte (04)
9.70 0.08 241.0 116.3 15
Santa Clara (43)
6.67 - - - 7
Monterey (27)
2.50 - - - 11
Glenn (11)
1.00 1.00 2.80 1.00 1
San Diego (37)
0.81 0.33 5.00 2.50 5
El Dorado (09)
0.0000 0.0000 0.25 0.25 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.