PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Sunflowers in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Sunflowers, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Sunflowers, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Sunflowers by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Sunflowers

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Sunflowers
Field Crops
AG
29133
29133

PUR acreage estimates for sunflowers may be lower than actual planted acres because a significant portion of the acreage may not be sprayed and thus not reported.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Sunflowers in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 115,217 0.52 42,472 222,811
Uses:
Ethalfluralin (2166)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 31,081 1.49 21,094 20,929
Uses: Herbicide
Sodium chlorate (536)
Inorganic Yes 21,866 6.53 3,505 3,349
Uses: Defoliant, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 7,787 1.09 6,041 7,173
Uses: Herbicide
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 6,397 1.08 6,272 5,910
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Trifluralin (597)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 5,962 0.73 8,038 8,183
Uses: Herbicide
Metolachlor, (S) (5133)
Chloroacetanilide Yes 5,639 1.55 3,758 3,628
Uses: Herbicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 5,095 1.15 3,934 4,441
Uses: Herbicide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 5,004 1.54 3,061 3,244
Uses: Herbicide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 4,205 0.62 6,880 6,733
Uses: Herbicide
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 3,676 0.54 4,237 6,794
Uses: Adjuvant
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 3,392 32.0 129.0 106.0
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 3,022 0.21 11,693 14,621
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 2,703 0.36 6,405 7,425
Uses: Adjuvant
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Kurstaki, strain SA-11 (3862)
Microbial Not Listed 2,225 1.18 1,550 1,890
Uses: Insecticide
Clethodim (3566)
Cyclohexenone derivative Not Listed 704.7 0.18 4,580 3,899
Uses: Herbicide
Esfenvalerate (2321)
Pyrethroid Not Listed 662.9 0.04 12,923 14,983
Uses: Insecticide
Polyoxyethylene sorbitol, mixed ethyl ester (1178)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 614.5 0.23 2,910 2,652
Uses: Adjuvant
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 574.8 0.13 4,274 4,349
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
3-(3-hydroxypropyl)-heptamethyl trisiloxane, ethoxylated, acetate (2610)
Silicone Not Listed 550.7 0.11 2,947 5,035
Uses: Adjuvant
Phosphoric acid (871)
Inorganic Not Listed 446.4 0.08 4,332 5,336
Uses: Fungicide, pH Adjustment, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Flubendiamide (5948)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 347.7 0.11 2,742 3,032
Uses: Insecticide
Poly-i-para-menthene (1314)
Unclassified Not Listed 278.9 0.30 939.1 939.1
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Alkyl (C8,C10) polyglycoside (4015)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 202.7 0.10 2,242 2,074
Uses: Adjuvant
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 179.7 0.78 323.0 230.0
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Methyl silicone resins (3689)
Silicone Not Listed 172.1 0.12 1,129 1,394
Uses: Adjuvant
Sethoxydim (2177)
Cyclohexenone derivative Not Listed 166.0 0.34 694.8 483.0
Uses: Herbicide
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 159.9 0.04 3,917 4,406
Uses: Adjuvant
Cyhalothrin, lambda (2297)
Pyrethroid Not Listed 151.1 0.03 6,040 5,321
Uses: Insecticide
Sec-butyl alcohol (3078, 1482)
Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 147.5 0.03 3,580 4,729
Note! Data for Sec-butyl alcohol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Solvent
Isopropyl alcohol (342)
Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 140.8 0.02 5,137 6,190
Uses: Microbiocide, Solvent
Emulsifiable methylated vegetable oil (5224)
Not Listed 140.1 0.16 746.5 861.5
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Kerosene (2071)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Not Listed 123.5 0.02 4,508 4,944
Uses: Insecticide, Solvent
Ethylene glycol polymer (2558, 1600, 2103, 2797, 2104)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 114.5 0.07 1,534 1,736
Note! Data for Ethylene glycol polymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Ammonium nitrate (3052)
Inorganic Not Listed 113.9 0.03 4,002 4,066
Uses: Rodenticide, Microbiocide
Polyoxyethylene ester of rosin (3334, 1444)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 107.4 0.30 469.8 361.0
Note! Data for Polyoxyethylene ester of rosin summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Citric acid (142)
Botanical Yes 102.0 0.04 2,187 2,822
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Phosphine (3541)
Inorganic Not Listed 92.5 - - -
Uses: Fumigant, Insecticide
Mineral oil, refined (3846, 2601, 2106, 2768, 1641)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 73.5 0.07 1,028 1,005
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Imazamox, ammonium salt (5757)
Imidazolinone Not Listed 67.9 0.03 2,357 2,193
Uses: Herbicide
Methyl anthranilate (3971)
Not Listed 58.7 0.29 140.8 204.5
Uses: Bird Repellent
Orchex 796 oil (5179)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 57.9 1.07 54.0 54.0
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Alpha-alkyl (C10-C14)-omega-hydroxypoly (oxyethylene) (1844)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 53.3 0.07 704.6 718.3
Uses: Adjuvant
Dimethyl alkyl tertiary amines (3639)
Not Listed 43.1 0.0069 5,230 6,268
Uses: Algaecide, Microbiocide
Benzoic acid (1329)
Benzoic acid Not Listed 40.9 0.0064 5,272 6,346
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Carfentrazone-ethyl (5130)
Triazolone Not Listed 38.8 0.01 3,114 3,377
Uses: Herbicide
Thiram (589)
Dithiocarbamate Yes 35.6 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 30.7 0.09 365.8 339.8
Uses: Herbicide
Cypermethrin, zeta (3866)
Pyrethroid Yes 26.9 0.04 548.8 601.0
Uses: Insecticide
Aluminum phosphide (484)
Inorganic Yes 23.8 - - -
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Sunflowers in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
115,217 0.52 42,472 222,811 2,467
Yolo (57)
37,659 0.46 16,772 81,886 886
Sutter (51)
37,258 0.88 7,593 42,172 325
Solano (48)
19,316 0.46 7,535 41,959 547
Glenn (11)
9,217 0.39 3,553 23,221 273
Colusa (06)
7,287 0.35 4,882 20,893 226
Butte (04)
2,878 0.40 1,192 7,129 100
Imperial (13)
983.1 0.59 271.0 1,675 21
Yuba (58)
377.6 0.13 240.1 2,972 36
Sacramento (34)
143.8 0.25 220.0 565.0 12
Santa Clara (43)
62.5 0.17 49.0 108.0 28
Tehama (52)
19.8 0.16 126.0 126.0 3
San Benito (35)
14.7 0.17 30.0 88.0 7
Merced (24)
0.87 0.05 8.50 17.0 2
Kern (15)
0.28 - - - 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.