PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Table and Raisin Grapes in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Table and Raisin Grapes, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Table and Raisin Grapes, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Table and Raisin Grapes by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Table and Raisin Grapes

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Grapes, Table and Raisin
Fruits and Nuts
AG
29141
29141

There are two kinds of grapes reported in the PUR data (wine and table). Due to errors and inconsistencies in reporting the type of grapes, PUR acreage data is not accurate except when these two types of grapes are aggregated.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Table and Raisin Grapes in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 15,085,400 1.66 314,028 9,020,620
Uses:
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 10,775,500 5.95 292,811 1,811,250
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Lime-sulfur (358)
Inorganic Not Listed 873,467 28.5 34,184 30,647
Uses: Insecticide, Fungicide
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 441,428 329.8 2,741 1,338
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Cryolite (173)
Inorganic Not Listed 325,811 5.78 48,871 56,361
Uses: Insecticide
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 229,547 2.44 62,116 93,986
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Hydrogen cyanamide (2238)
Inorganic Yes 225,717 15.7 19,281 14,354
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator, Herbicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 135,463 1.33 92,001 102,065
Uses: Herbicide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 126,263 1.95 86,506 64,732
Uses: Herbicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 124,097 1.23 97,132 100,636
Uses: Herbicide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 106,817 0.67 122,294 160,364
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Sulfur dioxide (561)
Inorganic Yes 86,924 3.80 432.0 958.3
Uses: Dessicant, Preservative
Modified phthalic glycerol alkyd resin (1159)
Polymer Not Listed 86,452 0.18 118,904 493,560
Uses: Adjuvant
Copper sulfate (basic) (162)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 79,112 1.11 42,082 70,970
Uses: Fungicide, Algaecide, Molluscicide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 77,502 0.85 81,445 91,584
Uses: Herbicide
Copper oxychloride (156)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 71,027 1.83 31,446 38,897
Uses: Fungicide
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 63,271 1.99 38,087 31,853
Uses: Herbicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 58,409 0.20 126,478 286,594
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
Metam-sodium (616)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 58,322 256.9 485.0 227.0
Uses: Fumigant, Herbicide, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 49,736 1.82 29,972 26,298
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Glufosinate-ammonium (3946)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 48,613 0.62 88,000 78,233
Uses: Herbicide
Simazine (531)
Triazine Yes 39,224 1.06 43,402 36,972
Uses: Herbicide
Copper (714)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 38,836 2.28 13,838 17,016
Uses: Fungicide
Cyprodinil (4000)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 37,075 0.35 65,758 105,104
Uses: Fungicide
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 34,978 3.12 13,215 11,196
Uses: Fungicide
Mancozeb (211)
Dithiocarbamate-ETU, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 33,118 1.38 14,887 24,032
Uses: Fungicide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 31,021 0.21 141,465 148,065
Uses: Insecticide
Carbon dioxide (2207)
Inorganic Not Listed 30,066 13.3 432.0 864.0
Uses: Fumigant, Insecticide, Rodenticide
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 29,412 0.31 125,128 96,283
Uses: Herbicide
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 28,800 0.49 24,353 58,501
Uses: Insecticide
Boscalid (5790)
Anilide Not Listed 27,305 0.20 107,062 134,869
Uses: Fungicide
Mineral oil, refined (3846, 2601, 2106, 2768, 1641)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 26,060 2.75 9,949 9,462
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Ziram (629)
Dithiocarbamate, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 24,814 1.85 12,175 13,448
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Dog and Cat Repellent
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 24,243 0.60 30,504 40,725
Uses: Adjuvant
Copper oxide (ous) (175)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 23,872 1.07 14,039 22,322
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Buprofezin (3947)
Unclassified Not Listed 21,715 0.54 40,786 40,205
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 20,545 0.50 27,662 41,102
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Myclobutanil (2245)
Azole Yes 19,743 0.11 137,693 171,699
Uses: Fungicide
Ethephon (1626)
Organophosphorus Yes 18,622 0.31 65,618 60,668
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Alkylaryl poly(oxyethylene) glycol (748)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 18,019 0.62 27,084 29,109
Uses: Adjuvant
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 17,431 0.20 75,185 89,179
Uses: Insecticide
Metam potassium (970)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 17,179 45.8 330.0 375.0
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide, Nematicide
Norflurazon (2019)
Pyridazinone Yes 15,790 1.63 10,623 9,664
Uses: Herbicide
Tebuconazole (3850)
Azole Not Listed 15,636 0.12 102,226 133,005
Uses: Fungicide
2,4-D, dimethylamine salt (806)
Chlorophenoxy acid or ester Yes 15,316 0.58 29,984 26,239
Uses: Herbicide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 13,930 0.29 45,752 48,608
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 13,868 0.10 107,054 134,863
Uses: Fungicide
Triflumizole (2260)
Azole Not Listed 12,518 0.19 43,797 64,324
Uses: Fungicide
Gibberellins (310)
Botanical Not Listed 12,354 0.03 178,564 371,528
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Fenhexamid (4032)
Anilide Not Listed 12,014 0.48 21,094 25,180
Uses: Fungicide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Table and Raisin Grapes in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
15,085,400 1.66 314,028 9,020,620 169,760
Fresno (10)
5,510,130 1.80 139,292 3,059,410 71,572
Kern (15)
4,054,520 1.31 71,572 3,082,000 44,695
Madera (20)
2,287,080 2.80 35,389 814,342 15,154
Tulare (54)
2,215,920 1.51 46,030 1,425,550 26,571
Riverside (33)
375,173 1.19 10,212 314,726 5,724
San Joaquin (39)
304,622 3.46 4,212 88,103 1,449
Kings (16)
142,767 0.83 4,040 171,282 2,214
San Luis Obispo (40)
87,058 3.34 676.5 26,055 427
Stanislaus (50)
40,208 4.56 409.0 8,816 238
Glenn (11)
19,780 8.86 494.3 2,232 46
Merced (24)
13,584 2.39 490.0 5,691 163
Imperial (13)
9,217 0.77 240.0 11,910 45
Yolo (57)
8,108 3.12 150.0 2,596 69
San Benito (35)
7,162 4.16 206.5 1,723 34
Lake (17)
4,550 6.16 93.0 738.0 54
Humboldt (12)
1,274 4.19 16.1 304.0 41
Los Angeles (19)
1,243 0.57 178.4 2,173 823
San Diego (37)
1,192 0.70 135.6 1,708 154
Monterey (27)
503.9 0.93 39.5 539.7 49
Sacramento (34)
415.3 4.28 35.0 97.0 22
Solano (48)
287.4 4.00 18.0 71.8 11
Yuba (58)
148.4 19.0 3.30 7.80 8
San Mateo (41)
91.7 0.44 10.0 210.0 30
Ventura (56)
61.6 0.71 11.8 86.5 40
Alameda (01)
50.0 - - - 3
Santa Clara (43)
44.3 0.36 13.3 122.0 23
El Dorado (09)
42.8 4.91 11.0 8.73 26
Placer (31)
35.1 0.98 14.2 34.2 30
Butte (04)
28.4 3.15 8.00 9.00 5
Trinity (53)
19.6 9.80 1.00 2.00 2
Nevada (29)
18.1 0.62 6.50 29.5 17
Napa (28)
11.2 11.4 - 0.98 1
Sutter (51)
8.69 0.58 3.00 15.0 5
Shasta (45)
5.64 1.41 1.00 4.00 4
Contra Costa (07)
3.89 0.97 0.50 4.00 4
San Bernardino (36)
3.76 0.27 9.70 13.7 6
Tehama (52)
0.0006 0.0003 6.00 2.00 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.