PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Table and Raisin Grapes in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Table and Raisin Grapes, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Table and Raisin Grapes, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Table and Raisin Grapes by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Table and Raisin Grapes

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Grapes, Table and Raisin
Fruits and Nuts
AG
29141
29141

There are two kinds of grapes reported in the PUR data (wine and table). Due to errors and inconsistencies in reporting the type of grapes, PUR acreage data is not accurate except when these two types of grapes are aggregated.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Table and Raisin Grapes in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 16,169,100 1.59 293,219 10,040,900
Uses:
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 11,135,800 5.85 268,447 1,903,780
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 781,564 310.3 7,154 2,519
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Lime-sulfur (358)
Inorganic Not Listed 778,302 23.5 28,917 33,132
Uses: Insecticide, Fungicide
Hydrogen cyanamide (2238)
Inorganic Not Listed 351,979 14.4 33,779 24,450
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator, Herbicide
Cryolite (173)
Inorganic Not Listed 227,070 5.51 37,094 41,232
Uses: Insecticide
Copper oxychloride (156)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 191,812 2.02 60,528 94,742
Uses: Fungicide
Sulfur dioxide (561)
Inorganic Yes 190,692 3.00 10.0 10.0
Uses: Dessicant, Preservative
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 172,573 1.11 93,200 155,509
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 171,360 1.65 101,131 104,052
Uses: Herbicide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 142,100 2.25 101,788 63,253
Uses: Herbicide
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 127,977 2.84 39,209 45,019
Uses: Fungicide
Glufosinate-ammonium (3946)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 107,358 0.93 130,776 115,947
Uses: Herbicide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 104,426 0.66 122,680 157,280
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Copper sulfate (basic) (162)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 97,783 1.16 41,343 83,987
Uses: Fungicide, Algaecide, Molluscicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 83,874 0.23 158,382 368,800
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap or Surfactant
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 82,172 1.29 69,917 63,610
Uses: Herbicide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 79,901 1.02 79,195 78,297
Uses: Herbicide
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 65,842 1.78 42,660 37,084
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Modified phthalic glycerol alkyd resin (1159)
Polymer Not Listed 62,467 0.21 82,328 302,816
Uses: Adjuvant
Caprylic acid (2316)
Unclassified Not Listed 58,788 7.32 3,586 8,035
Uses: Microbiocide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 40,297 0.24 156,272 170,598
Uses: Insecticide
Capric acid (2315)
Unclassified Not Listed 40,026 4.98 3,586 8,035
Uses: Microbiocide
Metam-sodium (616)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 39,958 214.8 826.0 186.0
Uses: Fumigant, Herbicide, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 39,816 0.50 112,114 79,107
Uses: Herbicide
Mono- and di- potassium salts of phosphorous acid (5766)
Inorganic Not Listed 38,499 2.28 9,878 16,921
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Calcium hydroxide (99, 3669)
Inorganic Not Listed 35,511 8.21 3,124 4,323
Note! Data for Calcium hydroxide summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Herbicide
Bacillus subtilis var. amyloliquefaciens strain D747 (6082)
Microbial Not Listed 35,286 4.02 6,802 8,784
Uses: Fungicide, Plant Growth Regulator
Buprofezin (3947)
Unclassified Not Listed 33,043 0.55 57,014 60,098
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Cyprodinil (4000)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 32,837 0.30 71,265 108,004
Uses: Fungicide
Simazine (531)
Triazine Yes 25,492 1.01 31,168 25,332
Uses: Herbicide
Boscalid (5790)
Anilide Not Listed 25,103 0.22 102,589 114,033
Uses: Fungicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 23,377 0.33 57,311 71,443
Uses: Adjuvant
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 22,534 0.51 22,188 44,059
Uses: Insecticide
Carbon dioxide (2207)
Inorganic Not Listed 20,669 - - -
Uses: Fumigant, Insecticide, Rodenticide
Copper oxide (ous) (175)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 20,264 1.01 11,819 20,001
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Frontalin + alpha-pinene mixture (3996)
Pheromone Not Listed 16,691 0.27 18,768 62,356
Uses: Pheromone
Myclobutanil (2245)
Azole Yes 16,542 0.11 122,937 151,713
Uses: Fungicide
Fenhexamid (4032)
Anilide Not Listed 16,351 0.49 33,943 33,570
Uses: Fungicide
Mancozeb (211)
Dithiocarbamate-ETU, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 15,996 1.35 10,450 11,835
Uses: Fungicide
Spirotetramat (5955)
Keto-enol Not Listed 15,802 0.11 131,439 142,414
Uses: Insecticide
Potassium silicate (2826)
Inorganic Not Listed 15,652 2.05 4,996 7,620
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Ziram (629)
Dithiocarbamate, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 15,336 1.87 7,974 8,186
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Dog and Cat Repellent
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 14,126 0.19 65,500 75,866
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
2,4-D, dimethylamine salt (806)
Chlorophenoxy acid, salt, or ester Not Listed 13,684 1.01 21,497 13,601
Uses: Herbicide
Ethephon (1626)
Organophosphorus Yes 13,356 0.26 56,338 50,704
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 13,242 0.27 36,721 49,333
Uses: Fungicide
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 13,197 0.38 32,050 34,527
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Tebuconazole (3850)
Azole Not Listed 13,166 0.11 90,543 118,963
Uses: Fungicide
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 12,824 0.23 26,807 55,821
Uses: Adjuvant

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Table and Raisin Grapes in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
16,169,100 1.59 293,219 10,040,900 179,797
Fresno (10)
5,036,530 1.53 120,850 3,274,920 73,242
Kern (15)
4,902,420 1.37 77,081 3,502,430 49,633
Tulare (54)
2,873,040 1.55 45,867 1,792,530 29,864
Madera (20)
2,097,820 2.84 28,123 736,882 13,201
San Joaquin (39)
427,874 3.20 5,572 133,836 1,503
Riverside (33)
393,133 1.02 9,359 384,478 7,684
Kings (16)
305,334 2.10 3,806 145,080 2,605
San Luis Obispo (40)
93,824 2.64 834.7 35,562 509
Stanislaus (50)
12,822 1.02 400.5 12,524 294
Imperial (13)
9,636 0.69 135.5 14,021 150
Sacramento (34)
4,642 16.6 413.0 280.0 19
Yolo (57)
2,344 4.10 70.7 571.4 101
Los Angeles (19)
2,232 0.98 191.9 2,279 400
Lake (17)
2,205 8.27 46.2 266.6 25
San Diego (37)
823.5 0.40 86.3 2,079 170
Yuba (58)
793.8 14.7 7.00 54.0 16
Humboldt (12)
684.0 2.01 16.1 340.2 34
Merced (24)
619.7 0.85 71.5 726.7 64
Santa Cruz (44)
526.2 3.03 31.0 173.7 27
San Bernardino (36)
468.2 5.62 23.7 83.3 18
Santa Clara (43)
301.7 1.00 13.0 300.3 21
Solano (48)
285.8 0.50 68.8 572.2 35
Monterey (27)
238.1 1.10 14.7 216.0 13
Tehama (52)
201.5 0.54 13.0 375.8 63
Contra Costa (07)
174.2 1.70 6.75 102.4 45
El Dorado (09)
74.2 4.52 4.20 16.4 6
Placer (31)
32.3 0.44 33.5 73.3 16
Ventura (56)
30.6 0.61 16.5 50.0 17
Shasta (45)
8.80 8.80 5.00 1.00 1
Tuolumne (55)
8.36 0.38 10.0 22.0 4
Nevada (29)
3.02 0.57 0.35 5.32 13
Sonoma (49)
2.62 0.29 46.0 9.13 1
Marin (21)
1.23 - - - 1
Orange (30)
0.32 0.50 1.00 0.64 2
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.