PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Apples in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Apples, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Apples, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Apples by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Apples

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Apples
Fruits and Nuts
AG
04001
4001

Acres planted estimated by PUR data for apples appear to be fairly accurate. High acreage values in 1991 and 1996 are probably incorrect due to errors in the original data. In general, PUR estimates of acres planted for fruit and nut trees are more accur

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Apples in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 398,419 1.84 9,655 215,811
Uses:
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 174,239 19.4 6,413 8,987
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 45,930 41.4 1,069 1,108
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Lime-sulfur (358)
Inorganic Not Listed 32,057 11.9 1,910 2,687
Uses: Insecticide, Fungicide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 26,660 7.31 1,840 3,647
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Mancozeb (211)
Dithiocarbamate-ETU, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 21,922 2.42 3,714 9,045
Uses: Fungicide
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 11,854 333.9 36.5 35.5
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Carbaryl (105)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 7,470 1.87 3,251 3,993
Uses: Insecticide, Plant Growth Regulator, Nematicide
Diazinon (198)
Organophosphorus Yes 6,842 2.74 1,931 2,498
Uses: Insecticide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 6,542 1.57 1,804 4,180
Uses: Herbicide
Phosmet (335)
Organophosphorus Yes 5,897 2.96 1,933 1,994
Uses: Insecticide
Fish oil (3658)
Animal derived Not Listed 4,563 16.8 292.0 271.2
Uses: Adjuvant, Deer Repellent, Dog and Cat Repellent
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 4,054 0.38 3,645 10,630
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 3,250 1.58 2,177 2,060
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 2,687 0.77 1,606 3,483
Uses: Adjuvant
Ziram (629)
Dithiocarbamate, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 2,535 4.25 323.9 596.3
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Dog and Cat Repellent
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 2,345 1.51 1,611 1,552
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 2,147 1.13 2,356 1,899
Uses: Herbicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 1,701 1.40 1,751 1,217
Uses: Herbicide
Methidathion (1689)
Organophosphorus Yes 1,646 2.00 823.5 823.0
Uses: Insecticide
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 1,628 0.36 1,660 4,558
Uses: Adjuvant
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 1,223 0.52 853.5 2,338
Uses: Fungicide
Propionic acid (505)
Animal derived Yes 1,221 0.53 830.5 2,315
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Preservative
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 1,217 2.27 832.9 537.0
Uses: Herbicide
Soybean oil (2335)
Oil - vegetable Not Listed 1,116 13.8 65.0 81.0
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Poly (methylene para nonylphenoxy) - poly (oxypropylene) propanol (1788)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 1,045 0.15 1,981 6,829
Uses: Adjuvant
Streptomycin sulfate (3834)
Antibiotic Yes 1,001 0.16 3,237 6,316
Uses: Fungicide
E,E-8,10-dodecadien-1-ol (1851)
Pheromone Not Listed 958.3 0.59 1,650 1,615
Uses: Pheromone
Alpha (para-tert-butyl phenyl)-omega-hydroxypoly (oxyethylene)-ethyl phosphate (1605)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 952.5 2.07 464.1 460.4
Uses: Adjuvant
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 918.2 0.73 866.7 1,258
Uses: Insecticide
Ethoxylated linear alcohols (1766)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 913.9 1.02 778.1 896.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Myclobutanil (2245)
Azole Yes 910.1 0.13 4,842 6,980
Uses: Fungicide
Calcium oxytetracycline (3832)
Antibiotic Not Listed 887.9 0.27 2,073 3,255
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Phosphoric acid (871)
Inorganic Not Listed 793.7 0.25 1,726 3,198
Uses: Fungicide, pH Adjustment, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Fenpropathrin (2234)
Pyrethroid Yes 689.9 0.36 1,683 1,925
Uses: Insecticide
Metam potassium (970)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 628.0 354.8 14.0 1.77
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide, Nematicide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 598.2 0.31 1,246 1,924
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Ethylene glycol polymer (2558, 1600, 2103, 2797, 2104)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 581.2 0.41 1,291 1,410
Note! Data for Ethylene glycol polymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Alpha-pinene polymer (3996)
Polymer Not Listed 572.1 0.38 864.7 1,508
Uses: Insecticide
Dazomet (233)
Unclassified Not Listed 539.5 269.8 23.5 2.00
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Nematicide
Propylene glycol (507)
Glycol Not Listed 535.6 0.16 1,449 3,455
Uses: Fungicide, Adjuvant, Microbiocide
Citric acid (142)
Botanical Yes 499.0 0.23 2,117 2,137
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 474.4 0.53 2,224 896.9
Uses: Herbicide
Bifenazate (5657)
Unclassified Not Listed 464.0 0.50 945.9 929.1
Uses: Insecticide
Poly oxyethylated tallow amine (2807, 6097)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 460.7 0.08 2,013 6,066
Note! Data for Poly oxyethylated tallow amine summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Lauryl alcohol (2343)
Pheromone, Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 435.4 0.38 1,228 1,147
Uses: Pheromone, Adjuvant
Azinphos-methyl (314)
Organophosphorus Yes 376.2 0.69 359.0 549.0
Uses: Insecticide
Fatty acids derived from tallow (5204)
Fatty acid Not Listed 365.5 0.41 778.1 896.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Cyprodinil (4000)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 361.7 0.22 1,130 1,633
Uses: Fungicide
Glufosinate-ammonium (3946)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 361.4 0.85 633.2 424.5
Uses: Herbicide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Apples in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
398,419 1.84 9,655 215,811 8,111
San Joaquin (39)
93,521 1.14 2,564 81,925 2,567
Kern (15)
69,888 1.05 889.0 66,662 844
Sonoma (49)
54,887 6.94 1,105 7,909 783
Stanislaus (50)
41,021 2.33 782.7 17,580 541
Santa Cruz (44)
36,406 4.61 1,265 7,893 617
Ventura (56)
24,782 9.06 268.0 2,735 39
El Dorado (09)
16,328 5.18 355.0 3,153 681
Fresno (10)
10,864 1.45 502.8 7,354 416
Sacramento (34)
9,845 2.39 303.2 4,110 223
Solano (48)
8,819 2.80 141.5 3,145 162
Yolo (57)
6,317 4.18 212.0 1,512 71
Mendocino (23)
5,157 4.99 144.2 1,034 309
Madera (20)
4,860 2.65 123.1 1,832 52
Tulare (54)
2,591 7.23 37.2 352.2 23
Placer (31)
1,811 5.24 42.8 343.2 104
San Benito (35)
1,656 1.08 222.8 1,531 67
Monterey (27)
1,398 13.6 34.0 102.5 14
Butte (04)
1,320 1.45 29.8 907.8 47
Kings (16)
1,298 2.00 65.2 649.5 25
San Luis Obispo (40)
990.4 3.36 73.3 294.8 37
Contra Costa (07)
771.8 0.49 48.0 1,570 66
Santa Barbara (42)
589.9 3.26 36.0 180.9 21
Shasta (45)
515.6 2.47 17.8 208.8 34
San Bernardino (36)
488.7 0.76 114.0 644.0 37
Sutter (51)
464.4 0.71 55.5 655.1 27
Tuolumne (55)
343.3 0.62 41.0 552.0 22
Humboldt (12)
296.9 3.43 7.13 86.6 22
San Diego (37)
191.1 0.47 110.0 406.7 62
Lake (17)
191.0 5.70 2.50 33.5 24
Mariposa (22)
173.3 1.40 6.00 123.5 39
San Mateo (41)
172.8 3.60 3.00 48.0 16
Siskiyou (47)
125.7 4.19 1.50 30.0 20
Riverside (33)
116.4 3.88 8.00 30.0 17
Santa Clara (43)
87.1 0.58 18.8 149.2 9
Nevada (29)
59.3 3.35 5.50 17.7 16
Yuba (58)
55.5 1.86 9.40 29.9 36
Tehama (52)
12.1 1.01 4.00 12.0 9
Napa (28)
2.64 4.71 0.28 0.56 3
Glenn (11)
1.69 1.12 0.50 1.50 2
Trinity (53)
0.70 1.40 2.00 0.50 1
Colusa (06)
0.47 0.16 0.50 3.00 4
Los Angeles (19)
0.12 0.12 1.25 1.00 1
Calaveras (05)
0.0001 0.0001 2.30 1.00 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.