PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Apples in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Apples, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Apples, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Apples by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Apples

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Apples
Fruits and Nuts
AG
04001
4001

Acres planted estimated by PUR data for apples appear to be fairly accurate. High acreage values in 1991 and 1996 are probably incorrect due to errors in the original data. In general, PUR estimates of acres planted for fruit and nut trees are more accur

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Apples in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 439,154 2.12 8,679 206,739
Uses:
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 171,342 16.3 5,902 10,486
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 114,149 43.4 1,189 2,628
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Lime-sulfur (358)
Inorganic Not Listed 35,580 11.8 2,130 3,017
Uses: Insecticide, Fungicide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 25,215 5.35 2,283 4,710
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Mancozeb (211)
Dithiocarbamate-ETU, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 11,570 2.37 2,266 4,883
Uses: Fungicide
Mineral oil, unrefined (765, 763, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 7,697 10.6 772.0 728.8
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Phosmet (335)
Organophosphorus Yes 6,287 3.01 1,727 2,086
Uses: Insecticide
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 4,508 334.0 131.0 13.5
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Copper oxide (ous) (175)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 4,359 5.21 465.1 836.8
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Diazinon (198)
Organophosphorus Yes 3,776 1.83 1,454 2,062
Uses: Insecticide
Carbaryl (105)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 3,397 1.44 2,832 2,361
Uses: Insecticide, Plant Growth Regulator, Nematicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 3,010 1.97 1,688 1,522
Uses: Herbicide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 2,647 2.71 1,108 977.3
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Streptomycin sulfate (3834)
Antibiotic Yes 2,213 0.28 3,012 7,929
Uses: Fungicide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 1,940 2.65 1,170 731.9
Uses: Herbicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 1,807 0.34 3,321 5,248
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap or Surfactant
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 1,765 0.80 2,383 2,206
Uses: Adjuvant
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 1,666 1.19 1,087 1,401
Uses: Herbicide
Glufosinate-ammonium (3946)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 1,523 1.13 1,807 1,349
Uses: Herbicide
Bacillus subtilis var. amyloliquefaciens strain D747 (6082)
Microbial Not Listed 1,465 2.84 255.6 515.8
Uses: Fungicide, Plant Growth Regulator
Calcium oxytetracycline (3832)
Antibiotic Not Listed 1,381 0.29 1,906 4,684
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 1,361 1.76 1,000 771.7
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 1,116 1.27 1,338 879.9
Uses: Herbicide
Fish oil (3658)
Animal derived Not Listed 1,078 16.3 293.0 66.0
Uses: Adjuvant, Deer Repellent, Dog and Cat Repellent
Phosphoric acid (871)
Inorganic Not Listed 1,035 0.19 2,524 5,315
Uses: Fungicide, pH Adjustment, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 1,017 0.39 1,352 2,625
Uses: Adjuvant
Propylene glycol (507)
Glycol Not Listed 971.9 0.13 1,738 7,429
Uses: Fungicide, Adjuvant, Microbiocide
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 903.5 0.64 2,549 1,406
Uses: Herbicide
Copper octanoate (5225)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 806.4 0.59 576.5 1,368
Uses: Fungicide
Myclobutanil (2245)
Azole Yes 771.3 0.13 2,930 5,990
Uses: Fungicide
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 770.6 0.78 840.3 985.3
Uses: Insecticide
Fenpropathrin (2234)
Pyrethroid Yes 758.9 0.35 2,086 2,186
Uses: Insecticide
2-Butoxyethanol (1880, 89)
Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 655.8 0.20 1,346 3,273
Note! Data for 2-Butoxyethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Solvent, Adjuvant
Polyoxyethylene soybean oil fatty acid ester (mol. Wt. 850) (3338)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 622.5 1.22 415.0 509.7
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Ziram (629)
Dithiocarbamate, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 611.0 4.66 123.0 131.0
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Dog and Cat Repellent
Vegetable oil (1231)
Oil - vegetable Not Listed 569.0 14.2 40.0 40.0
Uses: Insecticide
Modified phthalic glycerol alkyd resin (1159)
Polymer Not Listed 547.7 0.98 212.5 556.4
Uses: Adjuvant
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 486.3 4.95 172.8 98.3
Uses: Herbicide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 472.6 0.30 1,790 1,553
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Ethylene glycol polymer (2558, 1600, 2103, 2797, 2104)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 471.7 0.45 830.1 1,057
Note! Data for Ethylene glycol polymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Frontalin + alpha-pinene mixture (3996)
Pheromone Not Listed 454.5 0.25 975.1 1,849
Uses: Pheromone
Citric acid (142)
Botanical Not Listed 448.8 0.19 1,924 2,318
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene block copolymer (2816, 1698)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 438.7 0.14 1,154 3,202
Note! Data for Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene block copolymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Emulsifiable methylated vegetable oil (5224)
Not Listed 418.5 1.12 316.0 375.0
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Mono- and di- potassium salts of phosphorous acid (5766)
Inorganic Not Listed 404.3 4.27 113.7 94.7
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Trifloxystrobin (5321)
Strobin Not Listed 402.3 0.08 2,771 5,308
Uses: Fungicide
N,N-bis-2(omega-hydroxypolyoxyethylene/polyoxypropylene)ethyl alkylamine (3976)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 400.1 12.5 73.0 32.0
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Soybean oil (2335)
Oil - vegetable Not Listed 373.2 41.5 9.00 9.00
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Bifenazate (5657)
Unclassified Not Listed 365.3 0.49 1,411 744.6
Uses: Insecticide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Apples in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
439,154 2.12 8,679 206,739 8,712
San Joaquin (39)
118,241 1.29 2,002 91,626 2,626
Ventura (56)
88,633 11.5 312.0 7,674 33
Sonoma (49)
57,406 6.38 1,272 8,994 993
Santa Cruz (44)
39,249 2.03 1,302 19,336 1,220
Stanislaus (50)
23,570 1.25 503.1 18,799 441
Fresno (10)
19,379 1.85 630.8 10,421 720
El Dorado (09)
18,174 5.43 333.2 3,344 595
Yolo (57)
17,696 7.22 203.0 2,450 79
Sacramento (34)
16,921 0.91 401.5 18,551 467
Kern (15)
10,117 1.44 584.5 7,042 183
Solano (48)
5,363 1.61 187.4 3,324 116
Tulare (54)
5,253 1.46 62.5 3,604 141
Santa Clara (43)
4,094 2.29 147.0 1,789 22
Mendocino (23)
2,490 6.03 131.0 413.0 103
San Benito (35)
2,482 2.18 89.5 1,140 100
Placer (31)
1,903 5.71 37.2 332.1 86
Butte (04)
1,541 1.11 34.0 1,384 79
Madera (20)
1,500 0.77 42.0 1,940 38
Santa Barbara (42)
1,439 7.27 19.8 198.0 21
Monterey (27)
645.5 3.80 24.0 170.0 16
San Diego (37)
614.5 0.71 60.0 859.0 119
Contra Costa (07)
463.2 0.66 40.0 698.8 60
Shasta (45)
451.6 3.05 16.0 148.0 22
San Bernardino (36)
190.1 0.12 103.4 1,606 59
Humboldt (12)
178.2 2.17 6.00 82.2 19
Mariposa (22)
177.3 0.73 5.00 242.8 63
Lake (17)
174.9 3.07 2.00 57.0 53
San Luis Obispo (40)
167.8 1.64 66.6 102.4 20
Sutter (51)
136.5 2.13 4.00 64.0 16
Siskiyou (47)
123.3 2.99 1.25 41.2 26
Tuolumne (55)
103.0 1.39 17.0 74.3 30
Nevada (29)
71.4 1.09 14.8 64.6 23
Kings (16)
65.9 1.53 1.80 43.2 22
Tehama (52)
56.2 2.88 3.00 19.5 7
Yuba (58)
30.0 0.91 1.00 33.0 31
Calaveras (05)
29.9 3.61 2.80 8.30 7
San Mateo (41)
7.29 0.19 3.00 39.0 13
Orange (30)
3.87 5.96 0.25 0.65 3
Los Angeles (19)
3.35 0.29 5.00 11.5 7
Riverside (33)
2.79 0.92 0.38 0.76 8
Napa (28)
2.45 0.40 1.53 6.08 16
Marin (21)
1.99 - - - 4
Colusa (06)
1.51 3.01 0.50 0.50 1
Lassen (18)
0.70 0.28 2.50 2.50 1
Merced (24)
0.50 1.00 0.50 0.50 1
Trinity (53)
0.06 0.06 2.00 1.00 2
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.