PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Cherries in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Cherries, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Cherries, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Cherries by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Cherries

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Cherries
Fruits and Nuts
AG
05002
5002

Acres planted estimated by PUR data for almonds are fairly accurate. In general, PUR estimates of acres planted for fruit and nut trees are more accurate than California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) estimates.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Cherries in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 1,431,320 1.12 41,318 1,251,450
Uses:
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 354,698 7.80 23,838 45,460
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Hydrogen cyanamide (2238)
Inorganic Not Listed 167,029 15.6 11,275 10,718
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator, Herbicide
Lime-sulfur (358)
Inorganic Not Listed 113,830 30.9 4,156 3,680
Uses: Insecticide, Fungicide
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 110,920 324.7 676.5 341.6
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 103,880 5.39 11,834 19,279
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 97,798 32.5 2,814 3,008
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 29,708 1.72 14,809 17,276
Uses: Herbicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 28,477 0.45 28,631 63,705
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap or Surfactant
Methyl bromide (385)
Halogenated organic Yes 22,867 - - -
Uses: Fumigant, Insecticide, Herbicide, Nematicide
Copper sulfate (pentahydrate) (161)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 19,228 24.8 957.0 776.0
Uses: Fungicide, Algaecide, Insecticide, Water Treatment, Molluscicide
Mineral oil, unrefined (765, 763, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 18,760 9.04 2,356 2,074
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 18,659 2.11 8,084 8,836
Uses: Herbicide
Iprodione (2081)
Dicarboximide Yes 18,333 0.74 22,867 24,772
Uses: Fungicide
Calcium hydroxide (99, 3669)
Inorganic Not Listed 17,152 20.3 1,055 844.5
Note! Data for Calcium hydroxide summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Herbicide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 16,630 2.67 9,565 6,220
Uses: Herbicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 16,346 0.80 14,788 20,335
Uses: Adjuvant
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 14,774 3.66 4,213 4,040
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 14,765 1.32 9,495 11,200
Uses: Insecticide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 13,737 1.28 11,935 10,699
Uses: Herbicide
Glufosinate-ammonium (3946)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 11,998 1.04 12,247 11,491
Uses: Herbicide
Propargite (445)
Unclassified Yes 9,565 1.87 5,794 5,124
Uses: Insecticide
N,N-bis-2(omega-hydroxypolyoxyethylene/polyoxypropylene)ethyl alkylamine (3976)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 8,769 12.0 885.5 730.8
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 8,638 0.31 12,278 27,880
Uses: Adjuvant
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 8,294 0.47 20,049 17,758
Uses: Herbicide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 8,196 0.38 15,432 21,351
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Copper oxide (ous) (175)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 6,350 5.89 1,174 1,078
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Chloropicrin (136)
Inorganic Yes 5,994 20.3 393.9 295.8
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Copper sulfate (basic) (162)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 5,842 4.18 1,517 1,398
Uses: Fungicide, Algaecide, Molluscicide
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 5,082 3.16 2,924 1,609
Uses: Herbicide
Polyoxyethylene soybean oil fatty acid ester (mol. Wt. 850) (3338)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 4,860 1.11 2,964 4,362
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Fenhexamid (4032)
Anilide Not Listed 4,664 0.60 8,048 7,774
Uses: Fungicide
Thiophanate-methyl (1696)
Benzimidazole precursor Yes 4,539 0.95 4,231 4,780
Uses: Fungicide
Boscalid (5790)
Anilide Not Listed 4,423 0.20 18,014 22,045
Uses: Fungicide
Phosphoric acid (871)
Inorganic Not Listed 4,342 0.15 15,341 28,997
Uses: Fungicide, pH Adjustment, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Ethylene glycol polymer (2558, 1600, 2103, 2797, 2104)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 4,065 0.36 8,784 11,250
Note! Data for Ethylene glycol polymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Myclobutanil (2245)
Azole Yes 3,711 0.14 21,119 26,528
Uses: Fungicide
Tebuconazole (3850)
Azole Not Listed 3,641 0.21 14,641 17,010
Uses: Fungicide
Mono- and di- potassium salts of phosphorous acid (5766)
Inorganic Not Listed 3,579 3.05 1,044 1,174
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 3,551 0.75 3,904 4,733
Uses: Adjuvant
Fenpropathrin (2234)
Pyrethroid Yes 3,374 0.32 10,188 10,544
Uses: Insecticide
Poly (methylene para nonylphenoxy) - poly (oxypropylene) propanol (1788)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 3,326 0.10 14,562 33,228
Uses: Adjuvant
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 3,227 0.20 11,843 15,780
Uses: Adjuvant
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 3,091 0.33 5,730 9,495
Uses: Adjuvant
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 3,082 0.35 4,898 8,883
Uses: Fungicide
Ziram (629)
Dithiocarbamate, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 2,996 4.13 786.0 724.8
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Dog and Cat Repellent
Modified phthalic glycerol alkyd resin (1159)
Polymer Not Listed 2,985 0.28 4,763 10,683
Uses: Adjuvant
Triflumizole (2260)
Azole Not Listed 2,975 0.43 6,535 6,934
Uses: Fungicide
2,4-D, dimethylamine salt (806)
Chlorophenoxy acid, salt, or ester Not Listed 2,949 1.06 4,167 2,789
Uses: Herbicide
Bifenazate (5657)
Unclassified Not Listed 2,727 0.48 6,292 5,672
Uses: Insecticide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Cherries in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
1,431,320 1.12 41,318 1,251,450 38,882
San Joaquin (39)
664,490 1.15 17,934 556,299 19,908
Kern (15)
220,823 1.42 5,178 155,913 2,812
Fresno (10)
169,262 1.24 4,401 135,475 3,662
Tulare (54)
104,155 1.68 2,820 61,938 2,036
Stanislaus (50)
74,380 1.03 2,548 72,301 2,748
Kings (16)
63,610 0.77 2,152 81,904 2,491
Sacramento (34)
39,888 0.82 1,472 48,553 1,213
Merced (24)
27,151 1.05 847.4 25,851 784
Contra Costa (07)
21,575 0.80 1,006 26,859 1,061
Santa Clara (43)
17,407 0.52 1,226 33,306 685
Madera (20)
13,975 0.62 849.3 22,551 523
San Benito (35)
9,854 0.42 490.4 23,456 469
Yuba (58)
1,913 0.77 172.1 2,478 70
Butte (04)
1,273 0.53 66.0 2,420 82
Solano (48)
1,098 0.73 77.2 1,494 189
El Dorado (09)
270.6 1.68 32.9 160.8 34
Sutter (51)
97.5 1.56 4.50 62.7 23
Glenn (11)
35.0 0.26 6.00 136.4 21
Yolo (57)
31.8 0.13 25.5 251.0 13
Siskiyou (47)
17.6 1.90 0.25 9.25 27
Placer (31)
6.68 0.29 2.75 14.2 19
Colusa (06)
3.90 0.54 1.80 7.20 3
Los Angeles (19)
2.46 0.41 3.50 6.00 4
Napa (28)
0.34 0.86 0.15 0.40 3
Tehama (52)
0.08 0.08 1.00 1.00 1
Marin (21)
0.05 - - - 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.