PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Cherries in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Cherries, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Cherries, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Cherries by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Cherries

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Cherries
Fruits and Nuts
AG
05002
5002

Acres planted estimated by PUR data for almonds are fairly accurate. In general, PUR estimates of acres planted for fruit and nut trees are more accurate than California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) estimates.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Cherries in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 1,294,280 1.33 41,144 969,321
Uses:
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 430,442 9.34 23,273 46,079
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Hydrogen cyanamide (2238)
Inorganic Yes 143,003 16.1 9,778 8,855
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator, Herbicide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 138,829 44.4 3,341 3,124
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 77,046 332.1 294.0 232.0
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Lime-sulfur (358)
Inorganic Not Listed 67,044 25.4 2,970 2,635
Uses: Insecticide, Fungicide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 53,183 4.95 8,884 10,733
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 32,170 0.90 15,589 35,818
Uses: Insecticide
Calcium hydroxide (99, 3669)
Inorganic Not Listed 27,909 21.7 1,388 1,286
Note! Data for Calcium hydroxide summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Herbicide
Copper sulfate (pentahydrate) (161)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 27,636 23.7 1,258 1,164
Uses: Algaecide, Fungicide, Insecticide, Water Treatment, Molluscicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 26,656 1.39 13,730 19,200
Uses: Herbicide
Iprodione (2081)
Dicarboximide Yes 19,740 0.77 22,546 25,682
Uses: Fungicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 16,186 0.38 21,398 42,646
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 16,026 3.85 4,015 4,167
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Copper sulfate (basic) (162)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 13,980 5.10 2,834 2,741
Uses: Fungicide, Algaecide, Molluscicide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 11,175 0.87 11,267 12,886
Uses: Herbicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 10,274 1.59 7,281 6,467
Uses: Herbicide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 9,631 1.90 6,920 5,070
Uses: Herbicide
Methyl bromide (385)
Halogenated organic Yes 9,521 2.91 838.0 569.5
Uses: Fumigant, Insecticide, Herbicide, Nematicide
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 7,465 2.41 5,021 3,104
Uses: Herbicide
Modified phthalic glycerol alkyd resin (1159)
Polymer Not Listed 7,312 0.56 6,084 13,175
Uses: Adjuvant
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 7,207 0.43 16,400 16,841
Uses: Herbicide
Corn product, hydrolyzed (2322)
Botanical Not Listed 7,157 0.51 5,514 14,002
Uses: Herbicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 6,330 0.53 8,395 11,868
Uses: Adjuvant
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 6,069 0.26 11,030 23,399
Uses: Adjuvant
Propargite (445)
Unclassified Yes 5,905 1.96 3,384 3,011
Uses: Insecticide
N,N-bis-2(omega-hydroxypolyoxyethylene/polyoxypropylene)ethyl alkylamine (3976)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 5,649 13.3 521.0 423.5
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 4,843 2.21 1,832 2,192
Uses: Fungicide
Boscalid (5790)
Anilide Not Listed 4,539 0.20 18,457 23,135
Uses: Fungicide
Diazinon (198)
Organophosphorus Yes 4,310 1.39 3,013 3,100
Uses: Insecticide
Fenpropathrin (2234)
Pyrethroid Yes 3,795 0.32 11,283 12,009
Uses: Insecticide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 3,374 0.29 8,649 11,467
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
2,4-D, dimethylamine salt (806)
Chlorophenoxy acid or ester Yes 3,259 1.01 3,614 3,222
Uses: Herbicide
Ethylene glycol polymer (2558, 1600, 2103, 2797, 2104)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 3,204 0.30 5,975 10,581
Note! Data for Ethylene glycol polymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Tebuconazole (3850)
Azole Not Listed 3,015 0.20 12,641 13,309
Uses: Fungicide
Carbaryl (105)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 2,940 4.52 733.5 651.2
Uses: Insecticide, Plant Growth Regulator, Nematicide
Copper oxide (ous) (175)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 2,697 4.28 513.2 630.7
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Poly (methylene para nonylphenoxy) - poly (oxypropylene) propanol (1788)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 2,654 0.10 12,663 27,766
Uses: Adjuvant
Thiophanate-methyl (1696)
Benzimidazole precursor Yes 2,561 1.00 2,267 2,572
Uses: Fungicide
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 2,332 0.10 18,538 23,357
Uses: Fungicide
Cyhalothrin, lambda (2297)
Pyrethroid Not Listed 2,174 0.09 18,339 23,502
Uses: Insecticide
Bifenazate (5657)
Unclassified Not Listed 2,142 0.50 4,823 4,250
Uses: Insecticide
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 2,077 0.20 10,845 10,523
Uses: Insecticide
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 2,054 0.65 2,413 3,167
Uses: Adjuvant
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 1,982 0.22 7,974 9,054
Uses: Adjuvant
Alpha-(p-(1,1,3,3-tetramethyl butyl) phenyl)-omega-hydroxy poly (1932)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 1,925 0.53 2,335 3,641
Uses: Adjuvant
Diethylene glycol (2334)
Glycol Not Listed 1,797 0.26 3,857 6,934
Uses: Adjuvant, Solvent
Alpha-pinene polymer (3996)
Polymer Not Listed 1,797 0.33 4,364 5,516
Uses: Insecticide
Propylene glycol (507)
Glycol Not Listed 1,783 0.28 5,053 6,456
Uses: Fungicide, Adjuvant, Microbiocide
Isopropyl alcohol (342)
Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 1,760 0.09 11,701 19,048
Uses: Microbiocide, Solvent

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Cherries in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
1,294,280 1.33 41,144 969,321 31,390
San Joaquin (39)
537,277 1.20 17,554 440,411 16,578
Kern (15)
210,597 1.73 7,079 121,812 2,187
Fresno (10)
132,331 1.44 3,939 91,432 2,786
Kings (16)
130,110 1.84 1,668 70,561 1,737
Tulare (54)
92,546 1.94 2,480 47,747 1,734
Stanislaus (50)
87,450 1.37 2,806 63,950 2,679
Sacramento (34)
41,044 1.22 1,425 33,631 761
Madera (20)
15,138 0.75 630.2 20,180 537
Santa Clara (43)
10,704 0.52 1,043 20,729 491
Butte (04)
8,081 1.82 374.3 4,449 155
Contra Costa (07)
7,798 0.38 726.6 20,496 563
San Benito (35)
7,564 0.41 513.0 18,467 326
Merced (24)
7,388 0.64 535.8 11,584 401
Yuba (58)
2,832 2.35 217.3 1,205 75
Solano (48)
1,881 1.82 47.0 1,032 183
Yolo (57)
907.6 0.70 21.5 1,297 62
El Dorado (09)
445.8 3.94 33.1 113.1 24
Glenn (11)
101.8 0.70 6.50 144.9 29
Sutter (51)
17.6 0.51 7.00 34.7 14
Mendocino (23)
17.1 2.44 2.00 7.00 7
Calaveras (05)
11.1 1.01 20.0 11.0 1
Placer (31)
9.66 0.62 1.75 13.1 29
Santa Barbara (42)
7.70 5.66 0.30 1.36 5
Siskiyou (47)
6.78 3.87 0.25 1.75 7
Riverside (33)
5.64 1.88 10.0 3.00 1
Napa (28)
3.16 4.51 0.40 0.70 5
Sonoma (49)
1.87 1.25 0.50 1.50 2
Tehama (52)
1.22 0.30 1.25 4.00 10
Humboldt (12)
0.04 0.12 0.30 0.30 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.