PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Plums in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Plums, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Plums, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Plums by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Plums

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Plums
Fruits and Nuts
AG
05005
5005

Acres planted estimated by PUR data for plums appear to be fairly accurate. High acreage in 1991 is probably incorrect due to errors in the original data.In general, PUR estimates of acres planted for fruit and nut trees are more accurate than California

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Plums in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 731,502 1.98 23,172 368,275
Uses:
Mineral oil, unrefined (401, 2045, 765, 763, 2687, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 521,942 22.1 17,794 23,602
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 46,244 5.45 6,766 8,482
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 33,710 1.67 11,557 20,206
Uses: Herbicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 13,583 1.65 5,046 8,234
Uses: Herbicide
Calcium hydroxide (99, 3669)
Inorganic Not Listed 10,536 43.4 276.5 242.6
Note! Data for Calcium hydroxide summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Herbicide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 10,126 2.71 4,846 3,732
Uses: Herbicide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 9,274 3.27 2,754 2,834
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 7,136 1.14 4,931 6,234
Uses: Herbicide
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 6,358 328.4 113.3 19.4
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 6,050 0.36 8,881 16,638
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap/Surfactant
2,4-D, dimethylamine salt (806)
Chlorophenoxy acid or ester Yes 4,864 1.16 4,314 4,176
Uses: Herbicide
Phosmet (335)
Organophosphorus Yes 4,457 2.71 1,609 1,646
Uses: Insecticide
Mineral oil, refined (3846, 2601, 2106, 2768, 1641)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 2,930 2.63 1,113 1,113
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Methyl bromide (385)
Halogenated organic Yes 2,708 - - -
Uses: Fumigant, Insecticide, Herbicide, Nematicide
Iprodione (2081)
Dicarboximide Yes 2,418 0.59 4,540 4,099
Uses: Fungicide
Copper oxide (ous) (175)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 2,400 5.05 503.4 475.2
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Ethylene glycol polymer (2558, 1600, 2103, 2797, 2104)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 2,392 0.32 3,709 7,391
Note! Data for Ethylene glycol polymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap/Surfactant
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 2,386 0.29 8,667 8,196
Uses: Herbicide
Copper sulfate (basic) (162)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 2,320 5.09 453.3 455.3
Uses: Fungicide, Algaecide, Molluscicide
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 2,294 2.23 1,296 1,028
Uses: Herbicide
Modified phthalic glycerol alkyd resin (1159)
Polymer Not Listed 2,187 0.19 4,951 11,621
Uses: Adjuvant
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 2,174 0.67 2,169 3,259
Uses: Adjuvant
Chlorothalonil (677)
Substituted Benzene Yes 1,957 2.94 804.3 665.6
Uses: Fungicide
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 1,887 1.76 1,052 1,073
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Propiconazole (2276)
Azole Yes 1,495 0.11 10,419 13,041
Uses: Fungicide
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Kurstaki, strain SA-11 (3862)
Microbial Not Listed 1,158 0.61 1,226 1,913
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 1,087 0.59 1,468 1,828
Uses: Insecticide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 1,028 0.20 2,187 5,182
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Alkylaryl poly(oxyethylene) glycol (748)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 1,019 0.33 2,161 3,051
Uses: Adjuvant
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 949.0 25.4 93.3 37.3
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Sodium hypochlorite (539)
Inorganic Yes 778.6 - - -
Uses: Microbiocide, Water Treatment, Nematicide
Diazinon (198)
Organophosphorus Yes 758.1 2.04 379.8 371.5
Uses: Insecticide
Ziram (629)
Dithiocarbamate, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 748.3 5.99 124.7 124.8
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Dog and Cat Repellent
Diflubenzuron (1992)
Benzoylurea Not Listed 744.0 0.21 3,614 3,572
Uses: Insecticide, Insect Growth Regulator
Esfenvalerate (2321)
Pyrethroid Not Listed 700.7 0.05 12,960 13,031
Uses: Insecticide
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 699.7 2.46 288.4 284.4
Uses: Fungicide
Z-8-dodecenyl acetate (2251)
Pheromone Not Listed 694.2 0.10 5,810 6,624
Uses: Pheromone
Buprofezin (3947)
Unclassified Not Listed 685.6 0.73 972.8 935.2
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Phosphoric acid (871)
Inorganic Not Listed 649.2 0.09 3,772 7,123
Uses: Fungicide, pH Adjustment, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Thiophanate-methyl (1696)
Benzimidazole precursor Yes 628.2 0.80 909.0 782.5
Uses: Fungicide
Isopropyl alcohol (342)
Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 624.3 0.05 7,435 12,687
Uses: Microbiocide, Solvent
Polyoxyethylene 20 sorbital trioleate (2814)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 598.5 0.41 1,063 1,470
Uses: Adjuvant
Alpha-pinene polymer (3996)
Polymer Not Listed 572.6 0.27 940.7 2,138
Uses: Insecticide
Chlorantraniliprole (5964)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 557.8 0.09 5,389 6,236
Uses: Insecticide
Pyriproxyfen (4019)
Juvenile hormone mimic Not Listed 555.8 0.09 6,514 6,267
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 549.9 0.24 2,478 2,302
Uses: Insecticide
Myclobutanil (2245)
Azole Yes 513.1 0.12 4,490 4,236
Uses: Fungicide
Boscalid (5790)
Anilide Not Listed 510.2 0.19 3,359 2,678
Uses: Fungicide
Cottonseed oil (1015)
Oil - vegetable Not Listed 454.7 0.66 617.5 690.1
Uses: Insecticide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Plums in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
731,502 1.98 23,172 368,275 20,311
Fresno (10)
335,665 2.70 10,195 124,122 8,636
Tulare (54)
293,424 1.79 9,722 162,628 8,161
Kings (16)
57,834 1.55 1,797 37,406 1,733
Kern (15)
36,477 0.92 1,019 39,702 819
Yuba (58)
1,843 6.95 35.1 265.0 112
Madera (20)
1,818 1.56 90.5 1,166 82
Stanislaus (50)
1,413 1.09 93.0 1,292 359
San Joaquin (39)
878.0 2.39 30.7 367.5 91
El Dorado (09)
538.9 3.65 13.3 147.5 36
Contra Costa (07)
514.8 1.59 35.0 323.5 55
Placer (31)
407.5 6.29 28.4 63.0 52
Merced (24)
170.8 0.33 43.0 520.0 45
Santa Barbara (42)
133.3 6.96 2.64 19.1 6
Sutter (51)
127.9 1.28 26.0 100.0 4
Santa Clara (43)
113.7 1.98 8.50 57.5 44
Riverside (33)
83.0 1.37 19.5 60.8 9
Sacramento (34)
21.0 2.78 2.75 7.00 16
Sonoma (49)
18.7 0.82 3.35 22.7 14
Los Angeles (19)
6.93 2.27 3.70 3.05 5
Siskiyou (47)
6.78 3.87 0.25 1.75 7
Napa (28)
4.70 4.39 0.60 1.07 16
San Luis Obispo (40)
0.83 1.85 1.00 0.45 4
San Mateo (41)
0.66 - - - 2
Butte (04)
0.34 1.38 1.00 0.25 1
Santa Cruz (44)
0.12 12.3 0.0100 0.0100 1
Solano (48)
0.03 0.10 0.50 0.25 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

To print this page, choose Print. To export this data, choose Save As 'HTML Source' and open it in Excel or equivalent program.

Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.