PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Commodity Fumigation in 2012

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Commodity Fumigation, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Commodity Fumigation, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Commodity Fumigation by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Commodity Fumigation

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Commodity Fumigation
Other Agriculture
AG
00090
90

Acres treated, acres planted, and number of fields do not apply to this category of pesticide use.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Commodity Fumigation in California in 2012


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 617,031 1.81 45.0 146.0
Uses:
Sulfuryl fluoride (618)
Inorganic Yes 259,998 - 1.00 -
Uses: Fumigant
Propylene oxide (508)
Alcohol/Ether Yes 205,453 - - -
Uses: Fumigant
Methyl bromide (385)
Halogenated organic Yes 69,030 - - -
Uses: Fumigant, Insecticide, Herbicide, Nematicide
Sulfur dioxide (561)
Inorganic Yes 37,363 - - -
Uses: Dessicant, Preservative
Aluminum phosphide (484)
Inorganic Yes 17,497 27.4 9.00 6.00
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide
Phosphine (3541)
Inorganic Not Listed 7,091 0.71 35.0 140.0
Uses: Fumigant, Insecticide
Sodium hypochlorite (539)
Inorganic Yes 5,081 - - -
Uses: Microbiocide, Water Treatment, Nematicide
Magnesium phosphide (2085)
Inorganic Not Listed 4,742 - - -
Uses: Fumigant, Rodenticide
Mefenoxam (4011)
Xylylalanine Yes 2,459 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Sodium cyanide (688)
Inorganic Yes 1,646 - - -
Uses: Rodenticide
Hydrogen peroxide (1794)
Peroxide, Inorganic Yes 749.3 - - -
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Rodenticide
Chloropicrin (136)
Inorganic Yes 717.8 - - -
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Gibberellins (310)
Botanical Not Listed 567.6 - - -
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Metolachlor, (S) (5133)
Chloroacetanilide Yes 532.4 - - -
Uses: Herbicide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 516.0 - - -
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Thiamethoxam (5598)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 515.7 - - -
Uses: Insecticide
Calcium hypochlorite (326)
Inorganic Yes 446.4 - - -
Uses: Algaecide, Water Treatment
Fludioxonil (5027)
Unclassified Not Listed 409.8 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Thiram (589)
Dithiocarbamate Yes 334.8 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Mancozeb (211)
Dithiocarbamate-ETU, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 215.1 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Carbon dioxide (2207)
Inorganic Not Listed 209.9 - - -
Uses: Fumigant, Insecticide, Rodenticide
DDVP (187)
Organophosphorus Yes 186.6 - - -
Uses: Insecticide, Breakdown product, Impurity
Difenoconazole (5024)
Azole Not Listed 177.0 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Peroxyacetic acid (2291)
Peroxide Yes 158.3 - - -
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Rodenticide
Ethalfluralin (2166)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 107.7 - - -
Uses: Herbicide
Imazalil (2084)
Azole Yes 99.5 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 85.9 - - -
Uses: Insecticide
Mefenoxam, other related (94011)
Xylylalanine Not Listed 74.8 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Trifluralin (597)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 74.5 - - -
Uses: Herbicide
TCMTB (971)
Mercaptobenzothiazole Not Listed 68.7 - - -
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide
Citric acid (142)
Botanical Yes 59.0 - - -
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Azoxystrobin (4037)
Strobin Not Listed 43.9 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Streptomycin sulfate (3834)
Antibiotic Yes 42.9 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
N-octyl bicycloheptene dicarboximide (396)
Dicarboximide Not Listed 33.9 - - -
Uses: Synergist
Silicone-polyether copolymer (3520, 3841)
Silicone, Polymer, Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 32.2 - - -
Note! Data for Silicone-polyether copolymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Spiromesifen (5858)
Keto-enol Not Listed 31.9 - - -
Uses: Insecticide
Piperonyl butoxide (486)
Unclassified Not Listed 27.8 - - -
Uses: Insecticide, Synergist
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 21.8 - - -
Uses: Herbicide
Hexythiazox (2303)
Unclassified Yes 18.9 - - -
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Pyrethrins (510)
Botanical Yes 18.3 - - -
Uses: Insecticide
Acetamiprid (5762)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 10.3 - - -
Uses: Insecticide
DDVP, other related (90187)
Organophosphorus Yes 10.1 - - -
Uses: Insecticide
Copper oxychloride (156)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 9.53 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Bentazon, sodium salt (1944)
Unclassified Yes 7.60 - - -
Uses: Herbicide
Limonene (979, 2531)
Oil - essential, Botanical Not Listed 6.65 - - -
Note! Data for Limonene summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insect Repellent, Insecticide, Dog and Cat Repellent
Piperonyl butoxide, technical, other related (90486)
Unclassified Not Listed 5.93 - - -
Uses: Synergist
Bifenthrin (2300)
Pyrethroid Yes 4.88 - - -
Uses: Insecticide
N6-benzyl adenine (2000)
Botanical Not Listed 4.10 - - -
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Etoxazole (5849)
Unclassified Not Listed 4.05 - - -
Uses: Insecticide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Commodity Fumigation in 2012

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
617,031 1.81 45.0 146.0 1,966
Yolo (57)
220,084 - - - 447
Stanislaus (50)
129,837 - - - 259
Tehama (52)
58,836 - - - 73
Kern (15)
41,928 - - - 82
Sacramento (34)
29,400 - - - 34
Los Angeles (19)
29,236 - - - 98
Sutter (51)
28,089 - - - 214
Riverside (33)
15,894 - - - 69
San Joaquin (39)
15,337 - - - 61
Butte (04)
13,429 - - - 111
Yuba (58)
8,080 - - - 13
Fresno (10)
7,637 2.11 2.00 4.00 80
Tulare (54)
5,413 78.0 8.00 2.00 16
Monterey (27)
4,691 - - - 144
Contra Costa (07)
2,250 - - - 11
Alameda (01)
1,477 - - - 23
San Bernardino (36)
1,430 - - - 64
Napa (28)
1,130 - - - 11
San Luis Obispo (40)
677.8 - - - 20
Merced (24)
621.4 - - - 30
Kings (16)
581.3 - - - 24
San Benito (35)
357.0 - - - 1
Sonoma (49)
236.7 - - - 26
Madera (20)
180.1 - - - 12
Colusa (06)
100.0 0.71 35.0 140.0 9
Mendocino (23)
45.3 - - - 5
Solano (48)
28.8 - - - 10
San Diego (37)
12.0 - - - 3
Lake (17)
5.97 - - - 1
Santa Cruz (44)
3.77 - - - 3
Santa Clara (43)
0.65 - - - 4
Ventura (56)
0.37 - - - 8
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.