PAN Pesticides Database - Chemicals

Aluminum phosphide - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

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Identifying information, including synonyms, ID numbers, use type, chemical classification, a link to a list of all products containing this chemical and a list of the top crops this pesticide is used on in California.
Signs and symptoms of poisoning, first aid, and links to treatment information for this chemical.
Link to information on toxicity to humans, including carcinogenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, and acute toxicity.
Links to world-wide registration status as well as regulatory information for the U.S. and California.
Water quality standards and physical properties affecting water contamination potential.
Toxicity to aquatic organisms.
List of chemicals in the same family, including breakdown products, salts, esters, isomers, and other derivatives.
 

Chemical Identification and Use for Aluminum phosphide

Basic Identification Information About This Chemical
Chemical Name: Aluminum phosphide
CAS Number: 20859-73-8
U.S. EPA PC Code: 066501
CA DPR Chem Code: 484
Molecular Weight: 57.95
Molecular Structure:
Use Type: Fumigant , Fungicide
Chem Class: Inorganic
View Related Chemicals
 
Additional Resources About This Chemical Class and Use Type
Historical Use of this Chemical
Top five crops and sites for this pesticide in California
Landscape   Almonds   Commodity Fumigation   Regulatory   Right of Way  
View All Crops and Sites
 
Other Names for this Chemical
About Chemical Synonyms
(US EPA PC Code ) , 066501 (US EPA PC Code Text ) , 20859-73-8 (CAS number) , 20859738 , 20859738 (CAS number without hyphens) , 484 (CA DPR Chem Code) ) , Al-phos , Aluminium phosphid , Aluminium phosphide , Aluminium-fosfide , Aluminiumphosphid , Aluminum monophosphide , Aluminum phosphide , Aluminum phosphide (AlP) , ALUMINUM PHOSPHIDE (CA DPR Chem Code Text ) , Aluminumphosphide , Alum?nium Foszfid , Celphide , Celphine , Celphos , Delicia , Fosfeto de alum?nio , Fosforeto de alum?nio , Fumitoxin , Phosphore d'alu , phosphore d’aluminium , phosphure d'aluminium , Phostoxin , Preparation including aluminium phosphide and its decomposition promoter , Quickphos
 
Products Containing This Chemical
Current and historic U.S. registered products
View U.S. Products All Products Currently Registered Products
 

Signs and Symptoms of Aluminum phosphide Poisoning

NOTE! There may be other diseases and chemicals that have similar symptoms.

If you have a poisoning emergency in the United States call 1-800-222-1222.
If the victim has collapsed or is unconscious, call 911.

Aluminum phosphide is a Phosphine compound.

Report a Poisoning

Symptoms of Poisoning with Phosphine Compounds
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- Burning of the skin and eyes.
- Headache, cough, tightness and pain in the chest, shortness of breath, dizziness, lethargy, and stupor.
- Fatigue, muscle pain, chills, tremors, incoordination, seizures, and coma may be seen.
- Pulmonary edema and cardiac arrhythmias are common.
- Gastrointestinal symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea.
- Renal (kidney) damage, hepatic (liver) damage, and jaundice may also occur.
- Effects may be delayed for several hours.

Source for Group Symptoms: Emergency First Aid Treatment Guide, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. July 2003.

Treatment for Phosphine Poisoning

See: Emergency First Aid Treatment Guide, U.S. Enviromental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. July 2003.

 
Symptoms of Aluminum phosphide Exposure from the International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC)

Report a Poisoning

View full ICSC Cards: English   Español   Française   Chinese   Dutch   Finnish   German   Hungarian   Japanese   Swahili   Thai   Urdu  
NOTE! PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! STRICT HYGIENE!

Route of Exposure

Symptoms

First Aid

Inhalation Cough. Dizziness. Headache. Nausea. Shortness of breath. Sore throat. Vomiting. Fresh air rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
Skin Redness. Burning sensation. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Wear protective gloves when administering first aid.
Eyes Redness. First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible) then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Abdominal pain. Convulsions. Diarrhoea. Headache. Nausea. Shock or collapse. Unconsciousness. Vomiting. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention.
Notes for ICSC Information
Commercial formulations for fumigations usually contain 57% of active ingredient. Reacts violently with fire extinguishing agents such as water. The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. Immediate administration of an appropriate spray by a doctor or a person authorized by him/her should be considered. Do NOT take working clothes home. Alutal Celphide Celphine Celphos Delicia Gastoxin Detia Gas-Ex-B Detia Gas-Ex-P Detia Gas-Ex-T L fume Phosfume Phostek Phostoxin Quickfos and Zedesa are trade names. Also consult ICSC # 0694 for Phosphine.
 

Toxicity Information for Aluminum phosphide

  Note: Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on humans. Why?

Summary Toxicity Information

PAN Bad Actor
Chemical
1
Acute
Toxicity
2
Carcinogen Cholinesterase
Inhibitor
Ground
Water Contaminant
Developmental or
Reproductive Toxin
Endocrine
Disruptor
No
 
Indicates high toxicity in the given toxicological category. Indicates no available weight-of-the-evidence summary assessment. For additional information on toxicity from scientific journals or registration documents, see the "Additional Resources for Toxicity " section of the chemical detail page.
1. PAN Bad Actors are chemicals that are one or more of the following: highly acutely toxic, cholinesterase inhibitor, known/probable carcinogen, known groundwater pollutant or known reproductive or developmental toxicant. NOTE! Because there are no authoritative lists of Endocrine Disrupting (ED) chemicals, EDs are not yet considered PAN Bad Actor chemicals.
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.

Detailed Toxicity Information

This Chemical
Parent Chemical 
Acute Toxicity 2
Aluminum phosphide Phosphine
WHO Acute Hazard
TRI Acute Hazard
Material Safety Data Sheets
Acute rating from U.S. EPA product label
U.S. NTP Acute Toxicity Studies
      View Studies
Cholinesterase Inhibitor
Fumigant, not classified, b
Yes
Highly Toxic
No Consensus Value
No NTP Studies

No
Fumigant, not classified, b
Yes
Not Available
No Consensus Value
Moderately Toxic

No
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.
 
Cancer Information
Aluminum phosphide Phosphine
IARC Carcinogens
U.S. NTP Carcinogens
California Prop 65 Known Carcinogens
U.S. EPA Carcinogens
TRI Carcinogen
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
No data available
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
E, Unlikely
Not Listed
 
Endocrine Disruption
Aluminum phosphide Phosphine
Illinois EPA list
Keith list
Colborn list
Benbrook list
Danish Inert list
EU list
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 
Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity
Aluminum phosphide Phosphine
CA Prop 65 Developmental Toxin
U.S. TRI Developmental Toxin
CA Prop 65 Female Reproductive Toxin
CA Prop 65 Male Reproductive Toxin
U.S. TRI Reproductive Toxin
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 
Chemicals of Special Concern
Aluminum phosphide Phosphine
PAN Bad Actors
PAN Dirty Dozen list
Yes
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 

Water Pollution Potential and Criteria for Aluminum phosphide

Water Pollution Potential

This Chemical
Parent Chemical
  Aluminum phosphide Phosphine
PAN Ground Water Contaminant Rating Insufficient Data Insufficient Data
 
Physical Property Data Related to Water Contamination Potential
Water Solubility (Avg, mg/L)
Adsorption Coefficient (Koc)
Hydrolysis Half-life (Avg, Days)
Aerobic Soil Half-life (Avg, Days)
Anaerobic Soil Half-life (Avg, Days)
260.0
-
-
0.20
-
 
 

Sorry, no water quality standards or criteria have been established for this chemical by the U.S. or Canadian governments; however, there may be criteria established for related chemicals.

 

Regulatory Information for Aluminum phosphide

International Regulatory Status

This Chemical
Parent Chemical 
 
UNEP Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP)
UNEP Prior Informed Consent Chemical (PIC)
WHO Obsolete Pesticide
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
 

U.S. and California Regulatory Status

U.S. EPA Registered
U.S. EPA Hazardous Air Pollutant
U.S. EPA Minimum Risk Pesticide (25b list)

CA Registered
CA Groundwater Contaminant
CA Toxic Air Contaminant
Yes
Not Listed
No

Yes
Not Listed
HAPTAC, Pesti
Yes
Yes
No

Yes
Not Listed
HAPTAC, Pesti
 

Maximum Tolerance and Residue Levels

Codex Alimentarius
   (UN FAO Maximum Residue Limits)
U.S. Maximum Tolerance Levels
European Union Maximum Residue Levels
Go to web site

Go to web site

Go to web site
 

Ecotoxicity for Aluminum phosphide

Note! Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on the environment. Why? Click on underlined terms for definitions and additional information.

Aquatic Ecotoxicity

All Toxic Effects for Organism Group
Organism Group Effects Noted
Fish Mortality
View All Aquatic Ecotoxicity Studies and References
 
Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group

Sorry, no acute aquatic ecotoxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

 

Terrestrial Ecotoxicity

Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group

Sorry, no honeybee acute toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Note: Population-level effects on honeybees may occur even if a pesticide has low acute toxicity. For example, certain pesticides interfere with honeybee reproduction, ability to navigate, or temperature regulation, any of which can have an effect on long-term survival of honeybee colonies. The neonicotinoids, pyrethroids and keto-enol pesticides are some types of pesticides causing one or more of these effects.
Honeybee Chronic Toxicity

Sorry, no honeybee chronic toxicity data available for this chemical. Try related chemicals.

Related Chemicals for Aluminum phosphide

CAS Number Relation Reason Chemical Name Chem Detail Symptoms California Use Chem Use Type U.S. EPA Reg PAN Bad Actor
7803-51-2 Parent P Phosphine View View View Fumigant, Insecticide Yes Not Listed
20859-73-8 Related 1 Aluminum phosphide View View View Fumigant, Fungicide Yes Yes
1305-99-3 Related 1 Calcium phosphide (Ca3P2) View View View Rodenticide No Not Listed
12057-74-8 Related 1 Magnesium phosphide View View View Fumigant, Rodenticide Yes Not Listed
1314-84-7 Related 1 Zinc phosphide View View View Rodenticide Yes Yes
 
Working with the Information on this Page

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* Data marked with an asterisk indicates that this chemical is not explicitly listed on the corresponding list. Instead, it belongs to a group of chemicals that IS designated on the list. For example, if an agency assigns a classification of reproductive toxicant to "mercury compounds", that classification is applied to all mercury compounds in the PAN Pesticide database, which are then marked with an asterisk.

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