PAN Pesticides Database - Chemicals

Propoxur - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

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Identifying information, including synonyms, ID numbers, use type, chemical classification, a link to a list of all products containing this chemical and a list of the top crops this pesticide is used on in California.
Signs and symptoms of poisoning, first aid, and links to treatment information for this chemical.
Link to information on toxicity to humans, including carcinogenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, and acute toxicity.
Links to world-wide registration status as well as regulatory information for the U.S. and California.
Water quality standards and physical properties affecting water contamination potential.
Toxicity to aquatic organisms.
List of chemicals in the same family, including breakdown products, salts, esters, isomers, and other derivatives.

Chemical Identification and Use for Propoxur

Basic Identification Information About This Chemical
Chemical Name: Propoxur
CAS Number: 114-26-1
U.S. EPA PC Code: 047802
CA DPR Chem Code: 62
Molecular Weight: 209.2
Use Type: Insecticide
Chem Class: N-Methyl Carbamate
View Related Chemicals
Additional Resources About This Chemical Class and Use Type
Historical Use of this Chemical
Top five crops and sites for this pesticide in California
Structural Pest Control   Leaf Lettuce   Regulatory   Buildings  
View All Crops and Sites
Other Names for this Chemical
About Chemical Synonyms
00062 (CA DPR Chem Code Text ) , 047802 [US EPA PC Code, Text ] , 114-26-1 (CAS number) , 114261 , 114261 (CAS number without hyphens) , 162 (PDP Code) , 2-(1-Methylethoxy)phenol methylcarbamate , 2-(1-Methylethoxy)phenol, Methylcarbamate , 47802 [US EPA PC Code, Numeric ] , 62 (CA DPR Chem Code) ) , Aprocarb , Bay 39007 , Bay 5122 , Bay 9010 , Baygon , Baygon (Propoxur) , Blattanex , Blattosep , Bolfo , Carbamic acid, methyl-, o-isopropoxyphenol ester , Chemagro 9010 , Compound 39007 , Dalf dust , DMS 33 , ENT-25671 , Invisi-Gard , Isocarb , N-Methyl-2-isopropoxyphenylcarbamate , o-IMPC , o-Isopropoxyphenyl methylcarbamate , OMS 33 , Phenol, 2-(1-methylethoxy)-, methylcarbamate , Phenol, o-isopropoxy-, methylcarbamate , Pillargon , Propotox , Propoxur , Propoxur [Phenol, 2-(1-methylethoxy)-, methylcarbamate] , Propyon , Sendran , Suncide , Tendex , Tugon Fliegenkugel , Unden
Products Containing This Chemical
Current and historic U.S. registered products
View U.S. Products All Products Currently Registered Products

Signs and Symptoms of Propoxur Poisoning

NOTE! There may be other diseases and chemicals that have similar symptoms.

If you have a poisoning emergency in the United States call 1-800-222-1222.
If the victim has collapsed or is unconscious, call 911.

Propoxur is a moderate toxicity Carbamate compound.

Report a Poisoning

Symptoms of Poisoning with moderate toxicity Carbamate Compounds
Find Products Containing this Chemical

Moderate Toxicity Carbamate Pesticides:
- Malaise, muscle weakness, dizziness, and sweating.
- Headache, salivation, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea.
- Central nervous system depression and pulmonary edema.

Source for Group Symptoms: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA, Chapter 5.

Treatment for moderate toxicity Carbamate Poisoning

See: Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisoning, 5th edition, U.S. EPA, Chapter 5, page 50.

Symptoms of Propoxur Exposure from the International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC)

Report a Poisoning

View full ICSC Cards: English   Español   Française   Chinese   Dutch   Finnish   German   Hungarian   Japanese   Swahili   Thai   Urdu  

Route of Exposure


First Aid

Inhalation Dizziness. Headache. Sweating. Laboured breathing. Nausea. Unconsciousness. Vomiting. Pupillary constriction muscle cramp excessive salivation. Fresh air rest. Half-upright position. Refer for medical attention. See Notes.
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! (Further see Inhalation). Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
Eyes Pupillary constriction. Blurred vision. First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible) then take to a doctor.
Ingestion Abdominal cramps. Convulsions. Diarrhoea. Weakness. Muscle twitching. (Further see Inhalation). Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Rest. Refer for medical attention. See Notes.
Notes for ICSC Information
Depending on the degree of exposure periodic medical examination is indicated. Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available. If the substance is formulated with solvent(s) also consult the card(s) (ICSC) of the solvent(s). Carrier solvents used in commercial formulations may change physical and toxicological properties. Baygon Blattanex Bolfo Invisi-Gard Isocarb o-IMPC Propyon Rhoden Sendran Suncide Tendex Tugon Fliegenkugel Unden Undene are trade names.

Toxicity Information for Propoxur

  Note: Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on humans. Why?

Summary Toxicity Information

PAN Bad Actor
Carcinogen Cholinesterase
Water Contaminant
Developmental or
Reproductive Toxin
Indicates high toxicity in the given toxicological category. Indicates no available weight-of-the-evidence summary assessment. For additional information on toxicity from scientific journals or registration documents, see the "Additional Resources for Toxicity " section of the chemical detail page.
1. PAN Bad Actors are chemicals that are one or more of the following: highly acutely toxic, cholinesterase inhibitor, known/probable carcinogen, known groundwater pollutant or known reproductive or developmental toxicant. NOTE! Because there are no authoritative lists of Endocrine Disrupting (ED) chemicals, EDs are not yet considered PAN Bad Actor chemicals.
2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.

Detailed Toxicity Information

Acute Toxicity 2
WHO Acute Hazard
TRI Acute Hazard
Material Safety Data Sheets
Acute rating from U.S. EPA product label
U.S. NTP Acute Toxicity Studies
      View Studies
Cholinesterase Inhibitor
II, Moderately Hazardous
Not Listed
Highly Toxic
Highly Toxic
No NTP Studies

2. The acute toxicity reported on this page is of the pure chemical ingredient only and may not reflect the acute toxicity of individual pesticide products. To view acute toxicity of individual products, click on 'View Products' link in the 'Chemical Identification' section above.
Cancer Information
IARC Carcinogens
U.S. NTP Carcinogens
California Prop 65 Known Carcinogens
U.S. EPA Carcinogens
TRI Carcinogen
Not Listed
Not Listed
B2, Probable
Not Listed
Endocrine Disruption
Illinois EPA list
Keith list
Colborn list
Benbrook list
Danish Inert list
EU list
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Reproductive and Developmental Toxicity
CA Prop 65 Developmental Toxin
U.S. TRI Developmental Toxin
CA Prop 65 Female Reproductive Toxin
CA Prop 65 Male Reproductive Toxin
U.S. TRI Reproductive Toxin
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed
Chemicals of Special Concern
PAN Bad Actors
PAN Dirty Dozen list
Not Listed

Water Pollution Potential and Criteria for Propoxur

Water Pollution Potential

PAN Ground Water Contaminant Rating Insufficient Data
Physical Property Data Related to Water Contamination Potential
Water Solubility (Avg, mg/L)
Adsorption Coefficient (Koc)
Hydrolysis Half-life (Avg, Days)
Aerobic Soil Half-life (Avg, Days)
Anaerobic Soil Half-life (Avg, Days)

Water Standards and Criteria

U.S. National Drinking Water Standards and Health Criteria
g/L unless noted  
Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) 0  
Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG)  
One Day Exposure Health Advisory Level 40.0  
Ten Day Exposure Health Advisory Level 40.0  
Lifetime Exposure Health Advisory Level 3.00  
Reference Dose 4.00 (g/kg/day)  
U.S. Drinking Water Equivalent Level 100.0  
Concentration with Lifetime Cancer Risk of 1 in 10,000  
WHO Water Quality Criteria
Description Unlikely to occur in drinking-water
Notes Notes: e

Regulatory Information for Propoxur

International Regulatory Status

UNEP Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP)
UNEP Prior Informed Consent Chemical (PIC)
WHO Obsolete Pesticide
Not Listed
Not Listed
Not Listed

U.S. and California Regulatory Status

U.S. EPA Registered
U.S. EPA Hazardous Air Pollutant
U.S. EPA Minimum Risk Pesticide (25b list)

CA Registered
CA Groundwater Contaminant
CA Toxic Air Contaminant

Not Listed
HAPTAC, Pesticide

Maximum Tolerance and Residue Levels

Codex Alimentarius
   (UN FAO Maximum Residue Limits)
U.S. Maximum Tolerance Levels
European Union Maximum Residue Levels
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Ecotoxicity for Propoxur

Note! Information for many chemicals is incomplete and may not be fully representative of effects on the environment. Why? Click on underlined terms for definitions and additional information.

Aquatic Ecotoxicity

All Toxic Effects for Organism Group
Organism Group Effects Noted
Amphibians Biochemistry, Growth, Morphology, Mortality
Annelida Mortality
Crustaceans Behavior, Mortality
Fish Accumulation, Behavior, Biochemistry, Enzyme(s), Growth, Histology, Intoxication, Morphology, Mortality, No Effect Coded, Reproduction
Insects Behavior, Development, Enzyme(s), Genetics, Intoxication, Mortality, Physiology, Population
Molluscs Biochemistry, Development, Morphology, Mortality
NematodesandFlatworms Mortality
Phytoplankton Biochemistry, Physiology, Population
Zooplankton Behavior, Intoxication, Mortality, No Effect Coded
~ Un-Assigned Mortality, Population, Reproduction
View All Aquatic Ecotoxicity Studies and References
Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group
Organism Group Average Acute Toxicity Acute Toxicity Range
Amphibians Slightly Toxic Slight Toxicity
Annelida Not Acutely Toxic Not Acutely Toxic
Crustaceans Highly Toxic Moderate to Very High Toxicity
Fish Moderately Toxic Slight to Moderate Toxicity
Insects Highly Toxic Moderate to Very High Toxicity
Molluscs Slightly Toxic
Zooplankton Moderately Toxic Slight to Very High Toxicity
~ Un-Assigned Highly Toxic High to Very High Toxicity
View All Acute Summaries

Terrestrial Ecotoxicity

Summary of Acute Toxicity for Organism Group
Organism Group Average Acute Toxicity Acute Toxicity Range
HoneybeesHighly ToxicHighly Toxic
Note: Population-level effects on honeybees may occur even if a pesticide has low acute toxicity. For example, certain pesticides interfere with honeybee reproduction, ability to navigate, or temperature regulation, any of which can have an effect on long-term survival of honeybee colonies. The neonicotinoids, pyrethroids and keto-enol pesticides are some types of pesticides causing one or more of these effects.
Honeybee Chronic Toxicity
Organism Group Chronic Toxicity  

Related Chemicals for Propoxur

CAS Number Relation Reason Chemical Name Chem Detail Symptoms California Use Chem Use Type U.S. EPA Reg PAN Bad Actor
114-26-1 Parent P Propoxur View View View Insecticide Yes Yes
4812-20-8 Related 2 Propoxur phenol View View View Breakdown product No Not Listed
Related 8 Propoxur, other related View View View Insecticide No Yes
Working with the Information on this Page

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

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* Data marked with an asterisk indicates that this chemical is not explicitly listed on the corresponding list. Instead, it belongs to a group of chemicals that IS designated on the list. For example, if an agency assigns a classification of reproductive toxicant to "mercury compounds", that classification is applied to all mercury compounds in the PAN Pesticide database, which are then marked with an asterisk.

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